• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from 1941 onwards?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from 1941 onwards? The Nazis used quite a few different methods to try and eliminate all Jews in Europe from 1941 onwards. These were concentration camps, Ghettos, Death camps, Murder Squads (Einsatzgruppen) and the Final Solution. Concentration Camps, also known as work camps, were camps that were set up for Jews, Gypsies, queers and other people who were considered non-Aryan. Prisoners were made to work like slaves and many died as a result of starvation, disease or beatings. If you were unable to work, a woman or a child, you were killed as soon as you entered the camp. Most of the people that were killed were the elderly, disabled, mentally handicapped and the children. If you survived this terrible experience in the concentration camps, you were then moved off to the Death Camps. There was a Ghetto in every major city. ...read more.

Middle

However, if there weren't enough bullets to kill them, they would be torched using a flame thrower. Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units) were groups of German SS and police. They were under the command of security police and security service officers. The Einsatzgruppen were sent to the Soviet Union to murder anyone behind enemy lines that they felt were, politically or racially, a threat. These people were mainly made up of Jews, Gypsies and officials of the Soviet State and Communist Party. The Einsatzgruppen also murdered people who were mentally or physically handicapped, by going to special homes where these people were kept and murdering them in mass numbers. During the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Einsatzgruppen followed the German army as it made its way into Soviet Territory. The Einsatzgruppen, often requiring local support, carried out mass-murder tasks. Instead of putting Jews and the like into concentration camps, The Einsatzgruppen went straight to their homes and slaughtered them. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the autumn of 1941, Heinrich Himmler assigned SS General Odilo Globocnik to take out the operation of murdering the Jews of the general government. This operation was then given the codename Aktion Reinhard after Heydrich. Three death camps were established in Poland as a part of Aktion Reinhard, these were called Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka. On arrival at the camps, Jews were sent directly to gas chambers. Globocnik's assistant, SS Major Hermann Hoeffel, was in charge of organizing the deportation of Jews to the Aktion Reinhard camps. The Nazis also gassed Jews in other extermination camps in Poland: Auschwitz Berkenau (the largest of all camps), Majdanek and Chelmno. At Majdanek, groups of Jews who were considered incapable of doing the work required were gassed. In Chelmno all of the Jews were gassed in mobile gas vans. The Nazis murdered over three million Jews in extermination camps. In its whole, the "Final Solution" called for the murder of the Jews of Europe by gassing, shooting and other ways. Up to six million Jews lost their lives, and that's the same amount of Jews that were living in Europe in 1939. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. The Warsaw Ghetto.

    Question 5 Source F, a diary extract by Holocaust survivor Chaim Kaplan, provides a vital insight into Jewish reactions to the Holocaust. It refers to rumours about the shooting of hundreds of thousands of Jews and suggests that the Jews in the ghettos had a fatalistic attitude towards what was happening: "Everyone must wait until his time comes."

  2. Why Did Kristallnacht Take Place? (a) A ...

    But in theory a civil servant should be a supporter of the Nazis- so would have to send it anonymously as they would have been in a dilemma if a Nazi had found out what was in this letter, meaning it is reliable, as they would have no reason to lie about Kristallnacht.

  1. Why did the Nazis treatment of the Jews change from 1939 to 1945? In ...

    This meant that More extreme forces of action would be tolerated. However, Anti-Semitism was not anything new to Europe. It was not only Nazi Germans who carried out the attacks on Jews. In fact without the help of collaborators in other countries, many of the massacres could not have been carried out.

  2. The Warsaw Ghetto.

    The first is to decide if any bias is apparent in the way the original film was shot. This really depends on who took the footage - if it was by a Jew, you could assume that they showed the very worst conditions experienced inside the ghetto.

  1. In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate Jews in Europe from 1941 ...

    His form of 'cleaning out' and 'cleansing' Germany was literally forbidding them to multiply by the Nuremberg Laws, and then finally to the mass murders. Hitler's fascination with the supremacy of the Aryan people made him want to have the strong and mighty blue eyes blonde hair combination for Germany, so he made sure no one got in his way.

  2. Creative piece- diary from the Warsaw Ghetto.

    All the people who don't have a work permit will be sent to labour camps in the east. We will be treated as slaves. To avoid this father has gone to the people at the head office and got us all permits so we don't have to be moved.

  1. In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from ...

    They tried to destroy the very soul of the Jewish people in an attempt to elevate themselves. Hitler wanted the Jews to feel vulnerable when around German citizens; he made them wear the Star of David at all times on their clothing if they were over the age of six.

  2. Treatment of Jews 1933 onwards

    Another way to cleanse the country of thoughts the Nazi's didn't believe in was to burn all books with these thoughts in them. Now 1938, Policy has changed to terror against the Jewish community. In November, Ernst von Ranth, a Nazi, was assassinated by a Jew. Terrible consequences followed: Krystallnacht.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work