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In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from 1941 onwards?

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Introduction

In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from 1941 onwards? The Nazis used quite a few different methods to try and eliminate all Jews in Europe from 1941 onwards. These were concentration camps, Ghettos, Death camps, Murder Squads (Einsatzgruppen) and the Final Solution. Concentration Camps, also known as work camps, were camps that were set up for Jews, Gypsies, queers and other people who were considered non-Aryan. Prisoners were made to work like slaves and many died as a result of starvation, disease or beatings. If you were unable to work, a woman or a child, you were killed as soon as you entered the camp. Most of the people that were killed were the elderly, disabled, mentally handicapped and the children. If you survived this terrible experience in the concentration camps, you were then moved off to the Death Camps. There was a Ghetto in every major city. ...read more.

Middle

However, if there weren't enough bullets to kill them, they would be torched using a flame thrower. Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units) were groups of German SS and police. They were under the command of security police and security service officers. The Einsatzgruppen were sent to the Soviet Union to murder anyone behind enemy lines that they felt were, politically or racially, a threat. These people were mainly made up of Jews, Gypsies and officials of the Soviet State and Communist Party. The Einsatzgruppen also murdered people who were mentally or physically handicapped, by going to special homes where these people were kept and murdering them in mass numbers. During the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Einsatzgruppen followed the German army as it made its way into Soviet Territory. The Einsatzgruppen, often requiring local support, carried out mass-murder tasks. Instead of putting Jews and the like into concentration camps, The Einsatzgruppen went straight to their homes and slaughtered them. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the autumn of 1941, Heinrich Himmler assigned SS General Odilo Globocnik to take out the operation of murdering the Jews of the general government. This operation was then given the codename Aktion Reinhard after Heydrich. Three death camps were established in Poland as a part of Aktion Reinhard, these were called Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka. On arrival at the camps, Jews were sent directly to gas chambers. Globocnik's assistant, SS Major Hermann Hoeffel, was in charge of organizing the deportation of Jews to the Aktion Reinhard camps. The Nazis also gassed Jews in other extermination camps in Poland: Auschwitz Berkenau (the largest of all camps), Majdanek and Chelmno. At Majdanek, groups of Jews who were considered incapable of doing the work required were gassed. In Chelmno all of the Jews were gassed in mobile gas vans. The Nazis murdered over three million Jews in extermination camps. In its whole, the "Final Solution" called for the murder of the Jews of Europe by gassing, shooting and other ways. Up to six million Jews lost their lives, and that's the same amount of Jews that were living in Europe in 1939. ...read more.

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