• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate Jews in Europe from 1941 onward?

Extracts from this document...


Adolf Hitler's hatred for the Jews throughout his life triggered the biggest world war. It started out passive, but progressed to be one of the most horrendous mass slaughters against a race the world has ever seen. Hitler's decision to eliminate all Jews came about in January 1942 at the wansee conference, attended by 15 Nazi senior bureaucrats led by reinhard heinrich head of the SS and Gestapo. The meeting was based around 'the final solution' a plan which would exterminate all the Jewish citizens in Europe. A couple of months after the meeting, the first gas chamber was installed at Auschwitz. The decision came about after Germany thought they were winning the war and the Jews were no longer needed. The USSR brought lots of Jews under Nazi control, especially the disabled and gypsy Jews. The Einsatzgruppen was set up by Reinhard Heydrich and were the squad in charge of the slaughters of the 'undesirables'. The Einsatzgruppen were a specialized German force who were mobile killing units and went into action behind German lines on the Eastern Front, killing innocent Jews. ...read more.


Adolf Hitler preached and encouraged anti-Semitic behaviour by cleverly devising newspaper articles portraying Jews to be evil and dangerous. This then changed how Germany thought of the Jews and brought along the revolution which was Kristallnacht. When the Jews arrived at various different camps, they were forced to strip down and line up to get their fate decided by the SS. If you were strong and over the age of 16 you would be asked to work, if under that age or unfit or elderly, you would be sent to the gas chambers. The death camps were based in and around Poland, the largest being Auschwitz with the maximum capacity of 20, 0000 people. If they were sent to be killed they would be told to strip down naked and 'take a shower' they would then be directed into the gas chambers where they would be gassed by Zyklon B. However some people especially twins were used for scientific and medical experiments to create breakthroughs. The people who were asked to work, would be given stripped pyjamas and sent to their bunks, they would work long 15 hour ...read more.


However, at Auschwitz instead of monoxide gas they used zyklon B which was a quicker and more efficient way to exterminate the Jews. From what Rudolf Hoess, the commandant of Auschwitz camp said, it makes it sound like the two camps were rivalry. 'I did not think his methods were very good.' People who lived around the camps and constantly saw trains of people going in but not going out knew what was going on in there, but never said anything in fear of their own lives. Phones were being listened into by the Gestapo and letters were being intercepted. If anyone tried to protest they would be executed. The holocaust resulted in deaths of deaths of millions of people, the most however in Poland, 2,600,000 but all countries around Europe were affected and fought for the holocaust to end. The term 'holocaust' might not be an appropriate name as it means 'death by free will' which the holocaust defiantly wasn't. A more appropriate name would be genocide, as it means the deliberate destruction of a race' ?? ?? ?? ?? Question 3: In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate Jews in Europe from 1941 onward? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why was the decision to carry out the final solution made in 1941?

    It would have been extremely difficult for the Nazis to carry out such murderous policies when they came to power in 1933. The war waged against the Soviet Union was particularly barbaric. "Mass shootings conducted by killing squads that entered the Soviet Union in the Barbarossa campaign suggest that war

  2. Why Did Kristallnacht Take Place? (a) A ...

    It completely contradicts the statement that Kristallnacht was spontaneous, as it clearly states that 'most German people have nothing to do with these riots and burnings', therefore implying that Kristallnacht was a planned event by the Nazis. Source F is a cartoon about Kristallnacht, published in a Russian newspaper on 10 November 1938.

  1. In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from ...

    All the Nazi's outside the walls of the ghettos were fully aware of the deaths happening inside, but at first, this was seen as a plus. By killing off the Jews they were succeeding in their plan; however things shortly started to go rapidly wrong.

  2. Hitler Vs. The Undesirables.

    In the camps, all prisoners wore markings of various shapes and colors, which allowed guards and camp officers to identify them by category. Gypsies wore the black triangular patches, the symbol for "inferiors," or green ones, the symbol for professional criminals, and sometimes the letter "Z."

  1. In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from ...

    After the Nazi party achieved power, state enforced racism resulted in boycotts, "Aryanisation," Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) programme, all of which was aimed towards the Jewish population, to try and drive the Jews out of Germany for good. After the June 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union, Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units)

  2. What is the tradition of animosity between racial groups in Europe during the Twentieth ...

    The genocide didn't go unnoticed. It was condemned by the major powers of the world at that time, many countries coming close to taking action but were stopped from doing so due to little evidence of what they suspected, along with being occupied with the developments of the Third Reich at the time.

  1. How Did The Nazis Take And Maintain Control 1933 - 1941?

    The Treaty of Versailles along with revolution and starvation left Germany in ruins for the years to come. Meanwhile, a man born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler had just moved to Munich in Germany to enlist in the army for the outbreak of World War One in August 1914.

  2. In What Ways Did the Nazis try To Eliminate the Jews in Europe from ...

    These were built to kill all the Jews in occupied Poland. They used carbon monoxide to gas the Jews in gas chambers capable of holding 1000 people. By the end of mid 1943, 1.6 million Jews and thousands of gypsies were murdered.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work