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In what ways did the relations with France affect the stability of the Weimar Republic in the years 1922-29?

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Introduction

In what ways did the relations with France affect the stability of the Weimar Republic in the years 1922-29? The Weimar Constitution, set up in 1919, barely had time to establish itself due to the problems following the end of the First World War. The Treaty of Versailles meant that Germany Lost large amounts of land and military power. Terms of the Treaty meant that Germany had to accept responsibility for the War and pay huge reparation fees. After Germany did not pay the payment due, allied troops occupied the demilitarised Rhineland. From 1922-29 Germany tried to improve relations with France, hoping that this would help to stabilise the fragile Republic. In 1922, Germany tried to fulfil the terms of the Treaty to show how impossible it was to achieve. This was unpopular among the German people so Germany asked for a moratorium, which was denied by the French. The issue of reparations meant that Germany owed France massive fees and this caused the Weimar Republic to become unstable. ...read more.

Middle

Chancellor Stresseman tried to improve relations with the French from 1923 onwards. He firstly called off passive resistance, which was good for the economy but caused more discontent among Right Wing supporters who saw this as giving into the French. Stresseman also worked hard in improving the issue of reparations and in 1924 the Dawes Plan did just this. Reparations were reduced to 50 million per annum and the Reichsbank was to be reorganised under Allied supervision. On top of this, Germany was to receive a loan of 800 million gold marks to stabilise the new currency introduced to try and solve the hyperinflation crisis of 1923. This break through meant Germany had a break from massive reparation payments and could use the loaned money for reinvestment, which could in the long-term help to stabilise the Republic. Germany were able to pay the payments on time and in full and this meant relations with France were beginning to improve and this lead to Germany persuading the French to remove the troops in the Ruhr in 1924-25 allowing Germany to be in better control of their industry. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a result, no chancellor was able to hold a government together for more than two years. In addition, a series of apparently minor issues showed the deep divisions within Germany with one example being the fierce controversy over the new national flag. Extremist parties were also gaining power with more people voting them into the Reichstag. People were also beginning to see that there was no inspiring leadership as the Weimar lacked a charismatic leader to gain people's support. Overall, the relations with France did improve after 1924 with the signing of the Dawes Plan that helped Germany to meet the reparation fees and recover from economic crisis and the Young Plan in 1929 improved the relationship further. However, this did not make the Weimar Republic stable as it continued to battle with coalitions within the government as well as keep law and order among the German people who were beginning to search for a more charismatic leader, with many turning to extremism. This all threatened the stability of the Weimar Republic further into the beginning of the 1930's. Kelly Meade ...read more.

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