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In WW2, evacuation was very important for the safety of children, how effective was it?

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History coursework - evacuation 2 In WW2, evacuation was very important for the safety of children. Government policy also meant that parents and children had different reactions. Many children who were evacuated had different views, good ones and bad ones. Some children didn't like evacuation because of the way they were treated. They were hit, scared, fed little food, abused and separated from their family. When Michael Caine was evacuated he shared a bed with a boy called Clarence. Clarence would wet the bed due to his nervousness; their foster mother was not able to tell who it was so she would beat both of them. So, with him getting hit he would wet the bed more because he was scared, this led to them being locked in a cupboard. Children were also made to work long hours for the hosts. A thirteen year old, middle-class boy said, "After school we were expected to sweep out Mr Benson's butcher's shop and scrub down the marble slabs." However, not all evacuation experiences were this bad, "We were given flannels and toothbrushes, we'd never cleaned out teeth up to now and hot water came from the tap." ...read more.


In the early stages of evacuation, children may not have liked evacuation but towards the end of the war children were used to their hosts and learned to love them. Hosts also either wanted or didn't want evacuees. They would want them to work for them for no money and maybe the host already had a child and wanted a friend for their child, or maybe the host is very patriotic and thinks that it will help the country in war and on the home front. The host may not want evacuees because they are too busy with work or because they just don't like children. When choosing the child or children, the host looked for many attributes such as cleanliness, single children, the sex of the child and age. The sex matters because the host may want the child to work with them and help in the garden to build air raid shelters. For the age, a woman may want to look after a younger child but they might need an older child to do chores. ...read more.


textile factories, you also wouldn't need to worry about day-care for the child, they didn't go to school because many schools would be closed due to evacuation. Parents felt sad and reluctant to go, they would worry about their child when away and would be curious about what the host is like. Some parents opposed evacuation just like in source I, 'The Observer' interviewing a father about evacuation who strangely opposes it, he is going to look after his kids himself because he believes that they can't look after them properly. Towards the end of the evacuation period, parents had gotten used to not having them around but still missed them and worried about them. In the movie 'Hope and Glory', which was made in 1987, tells the storey of a family during WW2 from the point of view of a young boy. In this movie there is a scene were it shows a mothers indecision of whether or not to send her child away to be evacuated. In conclusion, evacuation played an important role and the reactions of different people varied which meant there was a variety of evacuees. ...read more.

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