• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9

Indeed, the perception that the rise of the NSDAP is accountable to the "failure" of the Weimar government is valid in explaining the phenomenon. Essentially, the "failures" of the Weimar government occurred due to the difficult circumstances

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Word Count: (1647) The perception that the NSDAP "did not win power", but rather the Weimar government had failed is valid to an extent. Indeed, the weaknesses of the Weimar Government were a crucial factor in accounting for the rise of the NSDAP. Due to its birth from post-war defeat, the legitimacy of the Republic was consistently compromised throughout the era, which as a result facilitated the rise to power of the NSDAP. However, it is insufficient to account for its rise solely by the notion that "the Weimar Government had failed", as it disregards the exploitation of democracy by the NSDAP. The NSDAP pro-actively campaigned, infiltrated German society and successfully generated mass appeal. Furthermore, the NSDAP utilized the constitution of Weimar democracy, namely the electoral system which comprised proportional representation. Therefore, the chaotic circumstances of the Weimar era- especially during the Depression- and the compromised legitimacy of the government provided a climate of grievances that the NSDAP capitalized upon. The government's inaction in reforming the entrenched nationalistic sentiments of the traditional army, judiciary and civil service affected the legitimacy of Weimar. Despite the Ebert-Groener pact, the army's agenda was independent of the government and its actions during the Kapp Putsch reflected this autonomy. Furthermore, the Republic's inactivity to "ensure that civil servants...were committed to the democratic political order" (Evans, 2003, pg 99), rendered it reluctant to defend the Republic in times of crisis. ...read more.

Middle

knowledge of an imminent world economic collapse- dictated the actions of the government which resulted in the exacerbation of its unpopularity and illegitimacy. The NSDAP capitalized upon the political and social upheaval caused by the Depression. This is demonstrated by the election results of July 1932, where the Nazis dramatically increased its influence to becoming the largest party within the Reichstag. The election of 1930, after Bruning had dissolved the Reichstag, was taken advantage of by the NSDAP and became an opportunity for which it catapulted itself to the second largest party in the Reichstag. This demonstrates the rise of the NSDAP as a result of the fragility of democracy. The voters for the NSDAP were those disenchanted by the Republic and affected by the depression, such as farmers who were forced to live on working-class incomes, the educated middle class who were threatened by communism as a result of the depression and finally the massive unemployment crisis rendered many of the lower middle-class into the arms of the NSDAP. This demonstrates the circumstances of economic upheaval and the resentful mentality of the German people as a means which undermined the Democracy and its legitimacy, which in turn assisted the rise of the NSDAP to power. The disaffection for the fragile democracy provided a context which the NSDAP exploited to broaden its influence and obtain widespread support. ...read more.

Conclusion

Indeed, the perception that the rise of the NSDAP is accountable to the "failure" of the Weimar government is valid in explaining the phenomenon. Essentially, the "failures" of the Weimar government occurred due to the difficult circumstances of the Weimar era, which undermined the Republic and simultaneously established a context of social discontent which was capitalized upon by the NSDAP. However, the notion that the NSDAP "did not win power" fails to consider the enormously successful efforts of the NSDAP to exploit the weaknesses of Weimar, and through such establish its legitimacy and respectability and thus, generate more appeal than any other Nationalist right-wing parties. BIBILIOGRAPHY Nicholls, A.J; (1979) Weimar and the Rise of Hitler, (Making of the Twentieth century series) MacMillan Education LTD, UK McCallum A; (1992) Germany 1918-1945: Democracy to Dictatorship, Heinemann, Australia Evans, R.J; (2003) The Coming of the Third Reich, Penguin Books, UK Newton, D.J; (1990) Germany 1918-1919; From Days of Hope to Years of Horror, Shakespeare Head Press, Australia Bookbinder, P; (1996) Weimar Germany; The Republic of the Reasonable, Manchester University Press, USA Hiden J.W; (1974) The Weimar Republic (Seminal Studies in History Series), Longman Group, 1974 Lee, S; (1989) Nazi Germany, Heinemann Educational, UK Heiber, H (Translated by W.E. Yuill); 1993, The Weimar Republic, Blaxwell Publishers, UK Schoenbaum, D; (1966) Hitler's Social Revolution; Class and Status in Nazi German, 1933-1939, Doubleday, USA Fulbrook, M; (1992) The Divided Nation; 1918-1990, Oxford University Press, UK Peukert, D; (1993) The Weimar Republic, Hill & Wang, USA ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Unit 1 Play: The Resistible rise of Arturo Ui -Plot Prologue: ...

    "I should never have accepted this estate." He fears an investigation may be carried out. "Last night the City Council decided to investigate the Cauliflower Trust's projected docks." Ui and accomplices force their way in, wanting Dogsborough's support in getting a protection deal with the Trust.

  2. Was the Weimar Republicdoomed to failure from the start?

    Due to the continuity of traditional social and economic institutions and the introduction of progressive civil liberties, the daily life of the republic was greatly influenced by conservative foundations. Many of these institutions, such as the legal and education systems and the civil services were opposed to the republic.

  1. The weak Weimar government was a major factor in Hitler rise to power, however ...

    But with the ruthless violence and murder these groups carried out there was increased unrest in society and people started losing support for Hitler. He changed the direction of the party by drifting to the right to maintain the power of the party.

  2. Was the Weimar Government destined to fail?

    plagued Weimar Germany from then on, '...the German Republic was born out of its terrible defeat...'3. Firstly, the terms laid down by the Versailles Peace Treaty took more than 1/8th of Germany's land, virtually cutting her into two, taking 12.5% of her population, 16, 48 and 15% respectively of her

  1. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    Throughout the period of Nazi rule there is a lack of consistency in economic policy. This suggests that their economic policy tended to evolve out of the demands of the situation rather than being the result of careful planning. 1933-9 At the start of the Nazi rule, economic policy was under the control of Hjalmar Schacht.

  2. Death of Weimar, Rise of Hitler - Using your own knowledge and the evidence ...

    In 1930 Bruning called for the dissolving of the Reichstag & to call an election in which he thought he would receive majority support. However the election results proved him wrong. Hitler and the Nazi's were the real beneficiaries, and suddenly became the second largest party in the Reichstag with 107 seats.

  1. "The July Plot Failed Largely Because of Popular Support for Hitler." How valid is ...

    the Nuremberg Laws and was appalled by the Munich Agreement whereby the Sudetenland was taken from Czechoslovakia and given back to Germany. He made contact with Beck and became involved in the July Plot where he agreed to become Chancellor in the proposed office should the plot prove successful.

  2. What is the tradition of animosity between racial groups in Europe during the Twentieth ...

    The Turks enforced their regime so heavily that their people were unable to fight against what was happening to the Armenians, and other countries were unable due to the distractions of war, this allowed the Turks to commit these grievous crimes and the tradition of unfair acts was able to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work