• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Information on women in Britain before 1914-18.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Bibliography GCSE coursework by Samuel Waigwa,2004-01-13 Britain since 1914-18 by Malcolm Chandner Information on women in Britain before 1914-18 Words: 1.695 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of war During the outbreak of the first world war ,approximately 5.9 million women were working in Britain out of a total female population of 23.7 million. The most common jobs were in domestic service and approximately 1.5 million women working as domestic servants. In textiles about 900.000 women were working and another 500.000 in the sweated trades.theses jobs involved low pay and extreme hours of work and women earned less money than men and were rarely prmoted above men. Domestic services were jobs that involved women working in houses as cleaners, cooks , or chambermaids. Where they could earn �5 or �10 per year, and they often got one half day a week or sometimes a month off. Servants who lived out in their own homes were better paid. The school leaving age was twelve, so many young women worked in services. The payment would be low because many girls were looking for work which was a job that did not require a high level of education. Jobs like rxtile industry was a major employer of women, as it had been since the industrial Revolution. ...read more.

Middle

David Lloyd George became minister for munitions and this attempted to increase the production of weapons and ammunition. This suggested that many more workers were needed and this workers were "WOMEN". At the end of 1915, 2.5 million men had volunteered for service in the army. Women were needed to supply munitions to the army. They took the places in muntions factories of the men who fought abroad. They also worked in new factories that produced planes, weapons and ammunition. A national register was set up to collect the names of women who were ready to take on the war work. Working in the munitions factories could be or was very dangerous and nasty. Women would catch lung diseases and explsive powder which made the skin turn yellow. Most women were nicknamed "canaries" or "munitionnettes. Safety precautions were only basic and many women inhaled poisonous chemicals. As a effect some women became unable to have children. Regardless of the risks, hundreds of thousands of women worked in munitions factories for the comparatively high wages the work received �3 a week. Many women gave up on their jobs as domestic servants for the freedom that came with the wages. The employment of women was not always popular. In 1915 there were strikes against women workers and the government was forced to sign agreements with unions which assured that women would not keep theirjobs at the end of the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

The middle-class households women were not expected to have a job, the middle-class man had to earn enough money to keep his wife and children in comfort. The return of middle-class woman was expected to look after her husband and family. Relationship between men and women was supported by special laws. When a woman married, all her possessions became her husband's property. She became his property. He was not even committing a crime if he hit her. Women over 30 were allowed to vote while the younger women had to work for their very best. This led a growing of suffragettes who campaigned to vote for women. In 1903 the WSPU (women's social and political union) was set up, it was a non violent organisation. After the general election of 1906, the suffragettes as members of the WSPU began campaing to try to force the government to give women the vote. In 1917, the government became aware of the need to call an election. The problem was that, according to the law, only men who had been resident in the counrty for 12 months prior to the election were entitled to vote. At this point, the arguments of millicent fawcett and the National union of women's suffrage drewed attention to the work of women during the war, it persuaded the liberal leader asquith, to allow women to vote. In 1928 women over the age of 21 were finally allowed to vote. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Votes for Women in Britain 1900-1918

    The WSPU The WSPU (the Suffragettes) were formed as a spin-off group from the NUWSS. Led by Emmeline Pankhurst, they were becoming more and more frustrated by the lack of attention being given to the NUWSS, and believed that in order to raise public awareness and succeed in securing votes

  2. Battle Of Britain - The Popular Myth

    Britain during the war and would have had access to important information. However he is very nationalistic, intended on stirring up pride in the British people, keeping himself popular with his reputation intact. Winston Churchill fails to mention the considerable loss of civilian life and how Hitler had wished for

  1. To What extent was Britain a Democracy by 1914

    È¿i�n26:�...<3/4`ns�?���i�R���N...�"���k��d-]_[�[ K]��"t ����d�7�B�a�+-�R1/4^(r)\���.�^�Ml�^�U-�eh������kß³V~<|Z���d� x���~"��MJ�]��O |5ׯf��:}ɱo�O 7�'Í�,kr��n\�2���� -��(���Â��3/4����i1/4 �K6�m�\�1�1/4w-���(c)jw�OR"�\� O�?��DxG��|F��t��(tm)'��;o_�/�(r)�7�luI��<M��~z2.��Qn�ʥ�G�[���<o�h7�4�G-Ķ7O�5�}��'�'�B!qq�;O�ʡ���#� �-�+�h����{]=UÕ�2j�"!쥺3/4�]�-"}�M�V]Q{�w���o��� �-=��<A��t��.4��....#�����-kk7-D.��-pH�(c)4�@"��Կ�.�q��Z.��-r�O*�'��h�j�����0[a*�3�� ...��&9U '$�S����iï���~i:���m/R���k�K�fg-EHu���)�·w���ÑXe�8�OK�����֧е(tm)~|-�}A,t�V�i� ,���G'� -�Bc-�!���,(�j�w�.k�QJ��MOf�m;��z*G�UR�Z�N-M���}mkY�"�]�I~��3/46�e�Ï�����|Y��u�-��n<��w�5���5{庶�#��D-xIFS�t�7���ej����> �-�e��| - m �5ß���hT �y�,7q�2�t]-dhF��/~��-� Y�G���u~�F���:.�mq"�R��æ¸ï¿½ï¿½E���g����#,� W���{�h|A���=6��Zå³(r)%���- ԭ�?�...�\< ��-+(tm).���2(tm)�E<���PnW~ê³1/4���Ó�SR�_-4-�"�߯�w��"_��'_D~Ë¿j�� �.� �����...×"�z3/4(tm)��0��Y�F��K�"��a;�1/4Re��q|M����x~�we�Z��t�*�� 5�P�-C�N��>�q���z"L�Xȷ���R��ρ?��Å��1/4=���� Zj-�C&-��a�l%�^�m��Ð�q.���Å{g�G�D�K���!�[�"�/�S�:�i�eÍ¥"�cT�'���;��N'��I�(r)n| w#�=j�*mY/v�N��×n�ÒÕµ .&���6�٤��eo���5?aۿ����g�� �&��-x�#�"� a"��.E(r)U �=�)��G5�V5�sË�"1��[��Â(�� (�� (�� (��?0�j��(&��;|g�~� �+�ϲxr�\'S� ��ɭ�iM�Y-"�, m5�[�ÄW"�o�>'��L3/47iZ����-?��x}���{y��� ��'��� K�Am�O!�"i-Rp�%1/4�R��o�� �\�1/4Mm�YC������]�2�L�$c�!�\ ��ֵ�(�U4T�-"[�q���(r)�����2KEk�����}O� �'�1/4=��Ag�6 kE"[;m;]�^��(tm)-KÔKd��O"!.��"�Ë�xg���N��2�~�^.�����2��i��^iv�Gaq���(tm)m�w"0(c)#��T���19��u���`b���M1/2�K�T�vk�u3/4i��o���|�iۺ�?�O�)�쯯#�>-|&��� "=N���f�X�S���em86(tm)1/2'\y��F+��{��� -~3���e��3/4(r)��iW���>�...�� �y�ʳ�f"/��"\:��F-�Ա,��\"�"8�c-�1�4,1!�'F��� -����.�������n�[��_�]�K�� o�|N��>)|}�| �+K_ x����O��7�s �˪]]�';x'�-D�b3/4�C�_ ׿�/�π<Q�/W�+�z ���Z"Y�K�*'t�1/2�h�� udQ ���2�Ô��3��{�~�|-�=?���l����3�1/2V�?�|1���?...1/41���t�����!V� ªï¿½ï¿½*��9�˦�{Z�}��!�<�[W}{]�oM���"�?�+(r)� �3/4;]x�^��a�f��Xi��b��B��˥�L`V:�-�{�Y�e`3/4g$���ۥ�h��m7N�o�.4?

  2. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of ...

    Most of the work would be manual, so a high level of education was not necessary.

  1. Women &amp;amp; the British Car Industry

    This was taken 9 years before the Equal Pay Act and so the few women that are shown would have been paid less than the men. Source 3 shows a row of women working at Cowley in 1934. They are making upholstery and trim for the interior of the cars being manufactured.

  2. Campaing for WOmens Rights

    Do you agree with this view? Explain your answer. I agree with this statement. Although many other factors affected this I feel that the war was the main reason. During the war many women served in the armed serves and helped the country to survive. It was only 2 days after the war was declared that the NUWSS declared

  1. Women In Britain In 1914

    The conditions in the sweated trade were dreadful. In those times, women wanted to play a more active role in the war effort. A group which was led by Dr Elise Ingis, volunteered to go to France and work as nurses, but the war office had an answer to that "my good lady go home and sit still".

  2. The Employment Opportunities For Women In 1914 At The Outbreak Of War Before the ...

    After this, nursing became a respectable profession for women. As large department and chain stores grew, they provided opportunities for a range of jobs, which included shop assistants and supervisors. This was available to the working class and the lower middle class. It often meant long hours and poor pay.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work