• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

International Relations: Revision Notes (1929-39)

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐International Relations Road to War, 1929-1939: * The Wall Street Crash 1929 saw America?s economy collapse, and led to economic depression in America * America called back loans given during WWI to other countries, bankrupting them, especially Germany who had suffered from reparations * Economic depression is likely to lead to political extremism as the public begin to look for stronger leadership, more likely to become isolationist and co-operate less on the international scale * Consequences of WSC: high unemployment, essentials became more expensive, reduced business, other countries pulled into the depression due to loans The League of Nations: * Set up in 1919 as one of Wilson?s 14 points, calling for international co-operation, disarmament, better social conditions and less aggression by countries * Early successes include settling land disputes in 1920s with Aaland Islands and Vilna, as well as helping refugees and increasing overall social conditions Manchurian ...read more.


but did not include oil * Italy was still free to trade with other countries such as the USA * Britain left the Suez Canal open for Italy to use to reach Abyssinia * Hoare-Laval pact made outside of League: Most of Abyssinia given to Italy, but Italy alienated from the Stresa Front alliance, and sought to begin diplomacy with Germany * Sanctions were in the end overturned as they had no effect on Italy, and Italy leaves the League in 1937 Germany- the Treaty of Versailles & Hitler’s Uprising: * After losing WWI Germany was forced to accept the ToV, and pay reparations of £6600 million * Germany also lost land, had limited military, as well as being forced to demilitarise key areas of land * Germany was not allowed to negotiate with these terms * Hitler became chancellor in 1933 * 1935 Luftwaffe air force rebuilt, conscription ...read more.


Germany would not touch other parts of Czechoslovakia * Start of the policy of appeasement in order to buy time for Britain to rearm and improve Britain?s economy, as well as using Germany as a barrier against communism spreading from the east, many dominions in the British Empire also did not support a war, and war was not supported by other major countries including the USA/USSR * Appeasement can be seen as putting too much trust into Hitler?s promises which were broken constantly, encouraged Hitler to be aggressive , and gave Hitler time to improve his military * 1939 Hitler invades Czechoslovakia after anarchy starts, and Pact of Steel signed with Italy * 1939 Nazi- Soviet pact, Germany and USSR agree not to attack each other, and carve up Poland * Hitler invades Poland September 1939, and ignores Britain and France?s ultimatum, leading to war being declared on Germany ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    There was no question of who was going to win. One of the main reasons for this was that the league was at least seen to do the right thing in the Manchurian crisis as they condemned Japan for invading and although they didn't do anything about it they did, in the end, came to the right decision.

  2. Causes of the First World War revision notes.

    ´┐Ż delayed start of Germany the problem of the war was over. While in 1871 Germany was united in industrial development in all European forces. Germany believes that its market is not extensive colonies were redundant. So Britain Germany, France, Holland and Spain wanted to participate in the monopolized market.

  1. Notes on International Relations 1919-1939

    was invited to testify and when he arrived in Berlin, people cheered him as a war hero * He said that Germany lost the war because of Socialist, Communists and Jewish politicians o Dollstoss - Stab in the back * Over the next 5 years there were a series *

  2. Great Depression

    In June 1929, official figures showed a fall in industrial production, this meant that factories were producing less, and so investigators started to sell their shares. There was a big fall in share prices, and banks tried to buy shares to stop the fall in prices but on Monday the

  1. In what ways and with what success did successive British Governments seek to promote ...

    However in reality both Russia and Germany continued to regard each other with considerable suspicion. In 1922 Bonar Law and his Conservative Government came into power with Lord Curzon continuing to be Foreign Minister. Both were much less committed to economic co-operation with Russia and threatened to end the trade agreement.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    Effects of the Depression 1. Unemployment - 13 million people were out of work. 2. Industrial production dropped by 45 per cent between 1929 and 1932. 3. House-building fell by 80 per cent between 1929 and 1932. 4. The entire American banking system reached the brink of collapse.

  1. Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

    they were determined to prevent another war, they were not militarily prepared to fight, their own economic problems felt more important to them, and they were not certain of the support they would receive from the British Empire or the USA, which was in a policy of isolationism.

  2. The League of Nations Revision Notes

    Six Successes of the League in the 1920s [memory word: SAMBOK] 1. Silesia, 1921 ? Germany and Poland agreed to paritiion after a plebiscite.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work