• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Interpretations - The two statements show two very different interpretations of the New Deal.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 5 - Interpretations The two statements show two very different interpretations of the New Deal. Interpretation I is very much in favour of the New Deal, where as interpretation II is not. I will use source based information and my background knowledge to back up both of these statements and then make a conclusion based on the evidence. Interpretation I gives much of the credit from the recovery to the New Deal, saying that "It gave them the confidence to lift the United States out of the depression". Source B directly backs up this statement, saying that one of the achievements of the New Deal was "the restoration of self-confidence". This source also mentions that the New Deal lifted the USA out of the depression, saying that there was a "change from depression and discouragement". This clearly shows that the depression had passed and changed into something new. Source B also describes some of the achievements of Roosevelt and the New Deal, mentioning "the development of the dust bowl" and the planting of "17 million acres of new forests and...6 million dams to stop erosion". This backs up the statement in Interpretation I, saying, "the New Deal helped many Americans". ...read more.

Middle

It shows that in 1929, USA's GNP was $103 billion, in 1932, USA's GNP was $59 billion and in 1937 USA's GNP was $90 billion. A definite increase in production in America from 1932 to 1937. The failure rate of businesses decreased dramatically from 1932 to 1937. A decrease of 1,110,000 in 5 years. The failure rate of banks also decreased dramatically. In 1933, the failure rate was around 4,000 compared to 1934, where the failure was less than 100. A graph of unemployment shows how the figures dropped from 14.5 million in 1933 to 8 million in 1937. All these graphs show how the New Deal helped American people, in some way or another. A source entitled 'The New Deal In Review 1936-1940' backs up the points made in Interpretation I very well. It states "The New Deal has clearly done far more for the general welfare of the country and it's citizens than any administration in the previous history of the Nation". This strongly backs up the statement in Interpretation I, which says the New Deal "helped many Americans". Interpretation II does not support the New Deal. It says that the New Deal wasted a lot of money and made people dependant upon the government. ...read more.

Conclusion

It says how "welfare kills a man's initiative". This is all evidense to support Interpretation II. The man who wrote source E was a self-made business-man, who was, no-doubt, a republican. He was totally aghainst the idea of receiving help from any one, and he believed that everyone should use there own initiative only, to get somewhere in life. This businessman was probably bought up in a middle class home, where he didn't have many luxuries. He may be jealous of Roosevelts upbringing, as he had everything given to him. This source was written in 1980. In those times, a plan like the New Deal didn't seem such a big thing, so Fuller would have looked on it even less favourably. In 1980, Fuller would only be able to see the long term effects of the New Deal, and probably not the whole picture. I think that this source is not very reliable. After reading through and analysing the sources, I think that Interpretation I is more accurate. I believe this because my knowledge and the sources all back this interpretation better. I also think that most of the sources for the New Deal are more reliable than those that opposse it. I also believe that the graph which supprot Interpretation I are facts and therefore are very reliable and should be trusted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. What was the most significant aspect of Roosevelt's Presidency and the New Deal?

    However Roosevelt's Presidency didn't bring a complete change some things stayed the same for example; Import Duties, Low taxation, Raw material's, Mass Production, Hire purchase and High tariffs. The reason behind the wall street crash was before it happened America's economy was booming this was due to six factors; Raw

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    The New Deal wasted a lot of money; it made people dependent on the government and led to the government becoming too powerful. It did not solve America's economic problems - the Second World War did that. Which interpretation is best supported by the evidence in the sources and your own knowledge of American history?

  1. Study the following interpretations of the effects of the New Deal. The New Deal ...

    Source F is a pictorial source that illustrates FDR as being a strong, able, active President, who is disposing of his predecessor's ideas and mottoes, such as 'Rugged individualism' and 'Prosperity is just around the corner'. The source contradicts with the reality of how FDR was, as he was a

  2. T.Roosevelt and the New Deal.

    In future investors could have greater confidence and they would not be swindled out of their money. Helping agriculture Agriculture's most serious problem was overproduction. While this continued, prices would remain low, and farmers would be unable to make a decent living.

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    The government worked to find a way to reduce the poverty in the Tennessee Valley. Roosevelt's four main priorities were all linked closely together. First and foremost, they all had the main aim of lifting America out of the Depression.

  2. Roosevelt, the 1932 election and the New deal. Source based questions.

    whether it was just a couple of states or all of them. The caption for source I states that it was a popular song, so many people in America must have liked it, therefore liked and supported Roosevelt. The fact that the song was written means that the writer knew people would like it, so Roosevelt's popularity was known.

  1. Was the New Deal a Failure?

    His Democratic opponent, Franklin D. Roosevelt, already popular as governor of New York State during the developing crisis, argued that the depression stemmed from the American economy's underlying flaws, which had been aggravated by Republican policies during the 1920s. President Hoover replied that the American economy was fundamentally sound but

  2. Was the New Deal a success? (Source based questions)

    Fuller is in utter disagreement with the New Deal as he feels that it is an easy way out. He built himself up from a deprived background to become a profoundly successful entrepreneur and believed that everybody else could do this too.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work