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Interpretations - The two statements show two very different interpretations of the New Deal.

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Introduction

Question 5 - Interpretations The two statements show two very different interpretations of the New Deal. Interpretation I is very much in favour of the New Deal, where as interpretation II is not. I will use source based information and my background knowledge to back up both of these statements and then make a conclusion based on the evidence. Interpretation I gives much of the credit from the recovery to the New Deal, saying that "It gave them the confidence to lift the United States out of the depression". Source B directly backs up this statement, saying that one of the achievements of the New Deal was "the restoration of self-confidence". This source also mentions that the New Deal lifted the USA out of the depression, saying that there was a "change from depression and discouragement". This clearly shows that the depression had passed and changed into something new. Source B also describes some of the achievements of Roosevelt and the New Deal, mentioning "the development of the dust bowl" and the planting of "17 million acres of new forests and...6 million dams to stop erosion". This backs up the statement in Interpretation I, saying, "the New Deal helped many Americans". ...read more.

Middle

It shows that in 1929, USA's GNP was $103 billion, in 1932, USA's GNP was $59 billion and in 1937 USA's GNP was $90 billion. A definite increase in production in America from 1932 to 1937. The failure rate of businesses decreased dramatically from 1932 to 1937. A decrease of 1,110,000 in 5 years. The failure rate of banks also decreased dramatically. In 1933, the failure rate was around 4,000 compared to 1934, where the failure was less than 100. A graph of unemployment shows how the figures dropped from 14.5 million in 1933 to 8 million in 1937. All these graphs show how the New Deal helped American people, in some way or another. A source entitled 'The New Deal In Review 1936-1940' backs up the points made in Interpretation I very well. It states "The New Deal has clearly done far more for the general welfare of the country and it's citizens than any administration in the previous history of the Nation". This strongly backs up the statement in Interpretation I, which says the New Deal "helped many Americans". Interpretation II does not support the New Deal. It says that the New Deal wasted a lot of money and made people dependant upon the government. ...read more.

Conclusion

It says how "welfare kills a man's initiative". This is all evidense to support Interpretation II. The man who wrote source E was a self-made business-man, who was, no-doubt, a republican. He was totally aghainst the idea of receiving help from any one, and he believed that everyone should use there own initiative only, to get somewhere in life. This businessman was probably bought up in a middle class home, where he didn't have many luxuries. He may be jealous of Roosevelts upbringing, as he had everything given to him. This source was written in 1980. In those times, a plan like the New Deal didn't seem such a big thing, so Fuller would have looked on it even less favourably. In 1980, Fuller would only be able to see the long term effects of the New Deal, and probably not the whole picture. I think that this source is not very reliable. After reading through and analysing the sources, I think that Interpretation I is more accurate. I believe this because my knowledge and the sources all back this interpretation better. I also think that most of the sources for the New Deal are more reliable than those that opposse it. I also believe that the graph which supprot Interpretation I are facts and therefore are very reliable and should be trusted. ...read more.

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