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Ireland 1790

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Introduction

Ireland 1790 - 1921 Revolutionary Nationalists Revolutionary Nationalists believe that in having Ireland as one individual country, could be gained by using violent methods, thus their history of failures. They have a record of many failed revolt's, the first of which was led by a man named Wolfe Tone in 1798, which was shortly after the Great Famine which devastated most of Ireland. The Great Famine altogether killed between 500,000 and 1,000,000 people. Many Catholics died or fled to the USA which automatically lost supporters or followers of the party itself. Again in 1848 and 1858 there were another two failed uprisings. In 1880 The Fenian's and the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) helped form the Land League, which was devoted to the Land Rights. In 1905 Sinn Fein were established. In 1913 the Nationalist Party, Fenian's formed a private army of 75,000 which were made up of 'Irish Volunteers'. ...read more.

Middle

In 1885 Charles Stewart Parnell led the Nationalist Party of MP's to Westminster and then in 1886 the Home Rule Bill was debated for the first time, shortly after the Home Rule was abandoned. In 1914 the Home Rule was debated a second and was finally passed by Parliament. However, the Home Rule was postponed until the end of WW1, When indeed most people thought the war would be over by Christmas of that year when infact it lasted for 4 years. After the war a settlement was agreed and Ireland was separated in two, two individual counties so to speak they became known as Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Unionists The Unionist party want to stay a part of the UK. Looking back, they have had a much more successful history. ...read more.

Conclusion

The British lost control of the South but Protestants in the North enabled them to their hold on the North. ... In 1921, Ireland was finally divided into two; Northern Ireland which was ruled/or part of the UK and the Republic of Ireland, which was ruled by themselves and has a completely different Government system to Britain. Both Nationalist party's wouldn't have been happy or disappointed with the divide, although they weren't able to join Ireland as one and be an independent country; it was the closest thing they were going to get as to what they wanted or thought was best for Ireland and the people that lived there. The Unionist party's would have been very angry and disappointed by the loss of the south; they did everything they could to keep the whole of Ireland part of the UK. However, living in Northern Ireland, which was now a separate country, they were no longer the minority but were the majority. ...read more.

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