• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ireland And The First World War.

Extracts from this document...


[image002.gif] [image004.gif] Ireland And The First World War When war broke out in 1914 there was a huge impact on Irish politics. Both unionists and nationalists supported Britain's war efforts. The Protestants of Ulster saw the war as an opportunity to show patriotism. They expected, in return, that the British government would exclude most of Ulster out of Ireland's home rule plans when the war was over. The leader of the British military, Lord Kitchener, was happy to allow Ulster Protestants into the army but they had to join existing regiments. A leading unionist, Edward Carson, disagreed with this. He said that they should be kept separate like the UVF. This would give good publicity to the unionist cause. After a while Kitchener allowed this to happen. Kitchener was looking for a brigade (about 3,000 men) from Ulster but Carson promised he would give him a division (three brigades). Carson managed to get a brigade together and the 36^th Division was created, The Ulster Division. ...read more.


Asquith, the Prime Minister, told the unionists that special arrangements had been made for Ulster. At the time nobody thought that the war was going to last long. No one expected the four years of blood shed and millions of deaths that were to follow. Never before in the history of man had that number of soldiers from nations all across the globe gone into battle at the same time. For the first few weeks there was rapid marching and when the armies settled there was four years of fighting in trenches and vast loss of life. Occasionally troops with rifles were ordered to attempt a breakthrough but they only became entangled in barbed wire and butchered with artillery shells and machine-gun fire. About 170,000 Irish men, whether they were nationalists or unionists, Catholics or Protestants, joined regiments in the British army. In August 1914 the Royal Munster Fusiliers were nearly completely wiped out in the Battle of Mons in Belgium. The 10^th Irish Division suffered the loss of 5,000 men on the Gallipoli peninsula. ...read more.


This was not a very popular idea. The British Labour Party and the German Democratic Socialists weren't against the war. At the start of July 1916 the 36^th Ulster Division suffered over 5,500 casualties. Out of these 2,000 died in the first two days of the Battle Of The Somme. The Somme attack was supposed to break through the German defences and lead to victory. Britain thought that a huge artillery bombardment would destroy the German defences and the infantry could capture the trenches with little opposition. At the start of the attack the Germans were already prepared and were waiting with machine-guns and they cut down many British Troops. The 36^th Ulster Division captured their objective but suffered from German crossfire and this resulted in many casualties. A lot of Ulstermen received rewards for their bravery and four of them received the highest honour, the Victoria Cross. Due to the amount of lost lives and the impact it had in the community in Ulster the Somme is an important moment in Irish history. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Ireland and World War 1

    3 star(s)

    I say to you - Go on drilling and get ready for whatever you are called to do in defence of right, freedom and religion in this war. (Adapted from John Redmond's speech to the Irish Volunteers at Woodenbrigde, 20th September 1914.) However, not all Irish Nationalists agreed with Redmond.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Now, this is very, very important. I don't think they would have embraced that had it not been for the emotional ground swell of the hunger strikes, the realization that there are votes out there to be taken. So, it was very important for that reason.

  1. Catholic Australia

    For the next five years, Dixon lived privately, supported by both Catholics and Protestants, and married and baptized all who came to him. He left in 1808, leaving the colony without any priests. In 1817, Father Jeremiah O'Flynn arrived in the colony, by appointment of the Pope.

  2. Ireland - Modern World Study

    People's Democracy were mainly students from Queens University, Belfast and they organised a march from Belfast to Derry to take place in early January 1969. There were riots in Derry before the marchers had even left Belfast, because the Reverend Ian Paisley had provoked the Protestants by whipping up feelings against the marchers.

  1. Why was Ireland such a central Issue in British politics in the first half ...

    of the population belonged to the Church of Ireland (The National Anglican Church of Ireland), and most of the other ten percent of the population belonged to Ireland. Contrary to popular belief Ireland as a whole was not particularly poor, however the distribution of wealth was extremely unbalanced, with almost all of the land being owned by the protestant elite.

  2. Ireland coursework-Part AIreland has had a lot of trouble over the years for many ...

    Afraid of another rebellion the British agreed and made the Irish government more independent, but this wasn't good for members of the Church of England, Anglicans. Woolfe Tone, an Anglican, sympathised with Presbyterians and Catholics, he wanted everyone to be equal and Ireland to be completely independent.

  1. Blitz, the German word for 'lightning'

    with the change of direction of the German war machine towards Russia. However, sporadic and lethal raids, using increasingly larger bombs, continued for several more years. September 9, 1940 - Second Night in the Battle of London The battle for London was on again last night, when Hitler once more launched his bombers at the city.

  2. Why was there nearly a civil war in Ireland in 1914.

    In 1688, King James II lost the throne of England for wanting to restore the Roman Catholic religion. He turned to King Louis XIV of France, and to Ireland, for help which led to a war breaking out. In 1689 King James' army trapped 35000 Protestants in the city of Londonderry, in Ulster, and laid siege to the city.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work