• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ireland and World War 1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ireland and World War 1 By 1912 different Irish groups were still fighting over the matter of Home Rule. Unionists, lead by Edward Carson and James Craig, wanted to stay loyal to Britain and remain under British rule, they said that if Home Rule did come about, that Ulster should be treated separately. John Redmond, leader of the Irish Nationalists, wanted some power given to Ireland but they said that they would still remain loyal to Britain and the monarchy. Padraig Pearse and the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood), who were Irish Republicans, wanted more than Home Rule, they wanted total separation from Britain and they wanted a free Ireland. In Westminster, Conservatives (supported by Unionists) and Liberals (supported by Nationalists) were fighting over the Third Home Rule Bill in 1912, Herbert Asquith (leader of the Liberals) who was Prime Minister at the time, was in favour of Home Rule because he needed the support of Redmond and the Home Rule Party or the IPP (Irish Parliamentary Party). But the Home Rule Bill was never passed because Conservatives took power (with Bonar Law) and they were opposed to Home Rule. With both, Unionists and Nationalists, having militant organisations (the UVF & Irish Volunteers), the race for arming was frantic in Larne and Howth. ...read more.

Middle

However, Carson was a brilliant public speaker and a very clever leader. The first chance most Ulster Unionists got to hear Carson was in September 1911 when he spoke to 50,000 Orangemen gathered at Craigavon, James Craig's home outside Belfast. James Craig was a perfect deputy for Carson. Craig was quiet, solid and reliable, and he was a terrific organizer. He used his talents to organise a number of mass protest meetings. Even though the two men were different they both lead the Ulster Unionist stand against Home Rule. When the Third Home Rule was discussed in parliament, nearly every Unionist speaker raised the question of Ulster. They claimed that there were two different sets of people in Ireland. Not only were there two religions, there were two races or even two nations in the country. For the Unionists it followed that if Ireland was to be given Home Rule, then Ulster should also receive special treatment for Ulster, but to use Ulster opposition to force the Liberal government to drop Home Rule altogether. Fighting in World War 1 was important for Unionism because they wanted to show that they are loyal, In return, they expected the British government to allow most of Ulster to remain outside of the Home Rule arrangements for Ireland when the war was finally over. ...read more.

Conclusion

A lot saw it as an easy job but that was far from the truth. Some young people just wanted to help Britain in the war and some were influenced by British propaganda. A lot of Irish young people died in the war. f. Farmers-- A big percentage of Irelands economy was agricultural and the war created a lot of work and therefore money for farmers. Irish farmers helped the British war effort by sending them food i.e. eggs, milk, bread etc. Also, farmers made uniforms and other materials for the British, usually from Linen. There was one aspect of the war which farmers feared, conscription. It meant they had to abandon their work and fight, so their farm was unattended and therefore they lost money. g. Women-- A lot of southern women in Ireland didn't like that their husbands and sons might die in the war for the British but in the North most (protestant) women were proud to see their men go and fight for Britain. Women found work in the factories making the materials for war after the Munitions Ministry was set up and conscription introduced (1916), since there was a shortage of men in the factories. Women also did other 'men jobs' like driving the buses and tarring the roads. 'Land Girls' helped to grow and harvest the food, which was desperately needed due to German submarine attacks on the British merchant ships.. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This response covers a great number of groups and is clear and accurate in its evidence. There is a lack of focus at times though, and the author takes too long to link points to WW1. Some explanations are better supported than others. 3 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 09/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland Essay

    They also tried to run their Churches without bishops or other leaders, and didn't decorate their Churches as extravagantly. During the reign of Henry VIII, there was a common occurrence in conflict between Catholics and Protestants. Catholics in the Republic of Ireland wanted Ireland to become its own country, however

  2. Conflict in Ireland

    British Soldiers were cut down by a large amount, their priorities laid in Germany. Members of the two nationalist groups, the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army planned to take over Dublin and declare Ireland an independent republic. The nationalists requested approximately 20,000 rifles and ammunitions from Germany to

  1. Development of Irish Nationalism 1798-1921

    Parliamentary pressure Butt was a complete failure. He did not command a sense of loyalty either from the Irish population or his party. His leadership and authority was poor, and many members of his party were not committed Home Rulers.

  2. What were the causes of the Easter Rising?

    Fewer and fewer soldiers could keep Ireland in order. This gave Ireland an opportunity to take over Dublin " England's misfortune is Ireland's opportunity" The Irish took advantage of Germany at the same time. The Germans sent them rifles and ammo.

  1. Did Daniel O' Connell deserve the name 'The Great Liberator'?

    In 1824, O'Connell was arrested, and charged with incitement to rebellion, though the prosecution ultimately failed. However, his willingness to scrap with the authorities provided him with a great reputation. In the wake of the 1829 Emancipation Act, O'Connell found himself a very popular man, personally and politically.

  2. Why was Ireland Partitioned in 1921?

    This added to the reason why Ireland was partitioned because after the Penal Laws were introduced the Catholics began to rebel again. During the 1800's the main food source was the potato but in 1845 the potatoes became infected with a fungal disease which wiped out the crop and crippled

  1. Causes of conflict in Northern Ireland.

    as a Foreign threat occupying there land like they had done for the last 700 years, so this aggravated the Catholics which caused fights which is a very important cause of conflict. This is a short term cause of conflict in Northern Ireland.

  2. To What Extent Did The Easter Rising Achieve It's Aims?

    However, the backing of the Irish masses was not achieved (at first) as most citizens were either hostile and angry or bemused spectators. This indicates Connolly's aim of having the backing of the Irish masses was a failure. The Catholic Church also condemned the Easter Rising; this also suggests how

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work