• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ireland is a place of conflict; the conflict is between the Catholic minority and the Protestant majority.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework - Ireland - Part 1 Ireland is a place of conflict; the conflict is between the Catholic minority and the Protestant majority. There are several viewpoints about what goes on, what it means and why it is done. Violent actions are in some areas seen as a part of everyday life. Non-Violent actions are also taken to help the situations that often occur. This has been done much more so in the past few years and violence has dramatically decreased but has not been totally eradicated. Every year Protestants march through the city of Londonderry and Catholic Bogside areas to commemorate a siege of Londonderry in 1689. It has become a tradition but still upsets and angers many Catholics today. In 1969 the march was blown out of proportion considerably. Catholic rioters were at the scene of the march; they fought the RUC (Royal Ulster Constabulary) and the 'B specials' for 3 days. The events were televised and they did very little for the RUC's image. The violent actions included not only fist fighting but also weapons such as tear gas, petrol bombs and rubber bullets. Serious sectarian violence broke out especially in the afore mentioned areas and Belfast. Rows of houses were burned, 3,500 people mainly Catholics were driven from their homes, 7 were killed and 100 wounded, the uproar was terrible. ...read more.

Middle

As a result a vote in 1918 elected Sinn Fein and the Home Rule was finished. Another long-term and significant event causing British troops to be called was the War of Independence, which led to a partition. The War of Independence involved private armies who carried out shootings and bombings. To fight back the British Government used 'Black and Tans' and 'Axillaries' against the armies. Both parties were ruthless against them but shooting, bombings and general violent actions were still being carried out, in desperation the British Government decided on a partition. Six counties with the least Catholics became Northern Ireland, which stayed a part of Britain, and the rest of Ireland became a free state under the Government of Ireland act. The result of the act was that the Catholic Minority became afraid as Protestants dominated them. Sectarian Discrimination became a huge factor in Northern Ireland between 1922 and the 1960's, Catholics were treated unfairly and the breakdown of the home rule didn't help the situation. They were treated unfairly for jobs, housing, politics, police and the justice system. A persons religion was taken into account when applying for a job, Catholics found it difficult to get jobs especially if it involved the Government positions, as they were thought not to be loyal to the state, they were more likely to be unemployed. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was thought that the policies of his Government were too liberal and well meaning and too slow to change things. His economic policies were thought to benefit Protestants and not the poor Catholic areas. Many people disagreed with what he was saying and didn't feel he was being fair to their religion be it Catholic or Protestant. There was a lot of violence in Northern Ireland from January 1969 this would be a factor because the Irish Government would find it too large and widespread to cope with. In January 1969 the area of Bumtoillet Bridge was attacked, off duty police intervened along with B Specials, the escort did very little. On the 12th August 1969 fierce fighting broke out after the apprentice boys parade. The Irish PM, Jack Lynch threatened to intervene Protestants felt threatened by this. The Irish Government decided to call in British troops because of all the trouble. At first Britain refused saying 'Once we do, they may be there for a long time' but in the end they decided to intervene. I think that the most important reason for this was the violence and the breakdown in law and order. The troops were needed because the Irish forces weren't big or strong enough to cope with what was going on. The troops were needed to help out but not take over, which is what many of the Irish thought was happening. AMY WOOD ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    Internment was passed by the unionist government in 1971 it is were suspected criminals can be interned/kept in prison without trial. On august 9th 342 nationalists and republicans were arrested in dawn raids, only a hundred of these were released the next day, the rest were interned without trial.

  2. Why Did ‘Bloody Sunday’ Take Place? (Russian History Sources Question)

    showing the autocracy what they want, and what they have suffered in a peaceful, harmless way. Source D also supports the view that Bloody Sunday was caused by poor living and working conditions. It is a painting of the march, containing many poor people, beggars, tramps, most people are dressed in rags and are filthy.

  1. Modern world study - Conflict in Ireland

    As Ireland was still inhabited mainly by Catholics the English monarchs feared that it could be used as a useful base for invasion from surrounding Catholic countries such as France and Spain because by 1560 England was an entirely Protestant country and this was disliked by Catholic European countries.

  2. Ireland coursework-Part AIreland has had a lot of trouble over the years for many ...

    Then Woolfe Tone arrived with help from France and they began an uprising. But the loyal Protestants were ready and the rebels lost the battle ending the uprising. Government troops continued to hunt and kill the rebels including Woolfe Tone.

  1. Which of the main 3 events had the biggest impact on the history of ...

    the 'black and tans' we sent by the government to try to defeat them. The black and tans were a squad of ex-soldiers. This resulted in the Anglo-Irish war from 1919-1921 between the IRA and the Royal Irish. The unionists and MP's who supported home rule refused to attend the

  2. The Conflict In Ireland

    After pressure from the loyalist paramilitaries more people were forced to join. The support became so great that northern Ireland came to a halt. The power sharing agreement resigned on May 27th. Northern Ireland was back to Direct Rule. Personally I think this agreement was a good idea and could have been very successful.

  1. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    In 1882, he formed the 'National league' with the intention of achieving 'National self-government'. Of course, as a previously mentioned, the exploration of context gives us an additional advantage in being able to recognise patterns in similar feelings shared amongst leaders.

  2. Peace and Justice (corrymela)

    of Northern Ireland, about the division of the Catholics and Protestants, specifically that of the local history of Derry; the apprentice boys and their march/the activities on Bloody Sunday. 8) Why was the final part of his talk so powerful?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work