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Irish diaspora

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Dictatorships of left and right used the mass media for propaganda in broadly similar ways. Discuss. To go about this question one is firstly going to explain what the term propaganda actually means. Once this is done one will then, using Dictatorships from the Right and Left, which will be Lenin/Stalin on the Russian side and Hitler on the German side, show how both of these countries used the mass media for propaganda. One will use a range of topics to show this, for example, Cult of personality, Education, Film and cinema Once this ground work is completed one will be able to answer weather or not these two dictatorships used propaganda in broadly similar ways. Propaganda is the use of information to emphasise a particular message. This information can differ from posters to film and books to Radio etc. What propaganda achieves is, influencing the opinions or behaviour of the general public of the country using propaganda. It would do this by only giving out bias documents, giving certain facts but omitting others etc, portraying somebody differently with posters or television. One will now move on to show how the Soviet Union used propaganda in that state. ...read more.


This included Hitler's portrayals of Bismarck, thus legitimizing his reign of power, and Stalin's glorification of Lenin as the supreme soviet godfather. The latter ploy of the renaming of the cities Leningrad and Stalingrad had the added effect of consolidating Stalin's position superior to all other soviet citizens as the right-hand man to Lenin and his rightful heir. Russia also used the cult of a personality as propaganda. Once Lenin died they did not bury his body, rather they put him in a glass casket in the middle of red square in Moscow. They preserved his body so that he would not decompose, and portray him as a saint like figure. Russians went on a pilgrimage to this site in the red square in their droves. Lenin's successor, Stalin, also had a cult of personality. The communist party encouraged the worship of Stalin. The history books of Russia were changed in order to depict Stalin as a hero of the October revolution and the civil wars. There were photographs, statues and posters of Stalin everywhere, even Cities were named after him i.e. Stalingrad. Propaganda depicted Stalin as an equal of Lenin, and the two were seen as a sort of God-like figure. ...read more.


The boys were shown how to hike and camp, read maps etc and the girls were shown how to knit and sew and also some first aid. These youth organisations, or the Hitler youth as they were known as, became compulsory after 1936. Both left and right placed a huge emphasis on the indoctrination of youth to preserve their party's principles. Finally having looked at both left and right ideologies one can argue that dictatorships of the Soviets and Nazi's in the inter-war years used the method of propaganda largely the same way. For example, both Lenin and Hitler used propaganda to assist them to get into a position of power and more importantly consolidate that power. Another example of comparable propaganda methods was, the formation of the cult of personality as both dictatorships used propaganda to portray themselves as great leaders who rescued their respective countries from the brink of disaster. It can also be seen how both dictatorships used propaganda on the youth, in the form of schools and also youth organisations as both leaders believed that education was a tool to mould or create Communist or Nazi's, and both used it to its full potential. Both parties knew the importance the mass media provided for their respective campaigns to achieve power and used this to their full extent. ...read more.

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