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Is Quarry Bank Mill a typical example of manufacture and production in a British textile factory during the Industrial Revolution? Explain your answer with reference to your visit to Styal and to additional knowledge from your studies.

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Introduction

HISTORY COURSEWORK 1 STYAL MILL Is Quarry Bank Mill a typical example of manufacture and production in a British textile factory during the Industrial Revolution? Explain your answer with reference to your visit to Styal and to additional knowledge from your studies. For our coursework on Styal mill we visited it on the 1st of April 2003 to find out if we thought it was a typical example of manufacture and production in a British textile factory during the Industrial Revolution. The mill was built by Samuel Greg in 1784 for spinning, it was developed later on to house weaving sheds and use steam power - though this was only used as a back-up to water power. When we arrived at the mill, I found that it looked different to what I had expected - it looked quite modern and still intact, then again parts of it were built later on like the weaving sheds which were built in 1855. The first building of the mill was built in 1784 for spinning - it was made of brick unlike most of the mills at the time which were made of stone, it was 5 storeys, rectangular shape, lots of windows and long rooms which we ...read more.

Middle

The inside of the house had quite small rooms, the dormitories had box beds, a chamber pot, sheets on beds which were changed monthly and straw underneath which was changed yearly, it was two to a bed and seeing as though any person hardly ever exceeded 5ft5 as of the diet they were on. The apprentice house also had a medicine room that a doctor could see you monthly at no cost. Samuel Greg although a paternalist still had to keep order in the mill so when children disobeyed they had to be some sort of punishment, for example in the case of Esther Price - she ran away then came back, the most sever punishment she could have had for a girl was to have her hair cut off (it was a sign of shame), but she pleaded with them and they put her in solitary confinement instead. The mill only operated on a 12 hour a day shift, so each person would work from six am until 7pm with an hour for lunch, so if you had time to work off that you had missed through punishment or illness, you would have had to work through your lunch hour. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion I think that Quarry Bank Mill was a typical example of manufacture and production in the British textile industry in the Industrial Revolution as the mill was a way to show what the Industrial Revolution had to offer and how it had moved on and immensely improved in some respects from working at home to Arkwrights water powered mill to the steam powered mills like the ones in Cromford. Quarry bank mill was a good example of a 'typical' mill as was what the textile industry wanted us to see as it was a good mill, it treated it's workers with respect - it gave them there own church and didn't force them to follow the Greg's religion, it built them nice houses, the wages were good and punishments weren't severe (whether this was a good or a bad thing though), it was sometimes too good in the way it worked compared to other mills, there didn't seem to be many faults where as if you compare it to Cromford which had no paternalism and corporal punishment, so therefore I think that Styal mill was used as a 'typical example' of a mill as it showed the industry in a good light. ...read more.

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