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Is There Sufficient Evidence in Sources D to J to Explain why The Troubles broke out in 1969?

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Introduction

Is There Sufficient Evidence in Sources D to J to Explain why The Troubles broke out in 1969? The Troubles broke out in 1969, after countless years of conflict between Catholics and Protestants. However it was triggered by the discrimination against the Catholics. Although Catholics had been discriminated against for many years previous, they were starting to become more confident, and were starting to cause unrest. I will now analyse the sources D to J and using my own knowledge of the causes of the troubles, I will try to determine whether or not there is sufficient evidence in the sources to explain the outbreak of the troubles. Source D is a Roman Catholic's description of her school days. Although she was a Catholic, the source is not religious, it is political, this shows when she tells us, when talking about the Irish patriot Vice-Principal Mother Benignus "She didn't hate Protestants. But her view was that they weren't Irish." This informs us that it was not about the religion, it was just that because Protestants believe Ireland to be part of Britain, they couldn't be truly Irish. The source also says, "We learned Irish history. The interpretations we were given were very different from Protestant history books." This reinforces my information, that the education system was different for both Catholic and Protestant children. The Catholic schools refused to take their orders from the state, as they did not want the Protestant version of history. ...read more.

Middle

Source F is a visual source, showing the Gerrymander in Derry in 1966. This source is non-biased and objective. It is also easy to read, and digest. It merely depicts the statistical facts, of the boundaries set for the elections. It tells us that although the population of Derry was 30,376 and Catholics were almost in a 2:1 majority, there were only 8 Catholic nationalist councillors, and 12 Protestant Unionist councillors. Some intelligent and terribly discriminative tactics achieved this for the Unionists. As they were in majority, in the Boundary commission, they could set the boundaries and the number of councillors for this area. So for example in the South Ward area, there were 11,185 voters, and there was a 90% majority of Catholics, there were only 8 councillors elected. However in the much smaller area, North Ward, there were only 6,476 voters and the Protestants were in a 61% majority, there was also 8 councillors. This shows us of the extremely powerful position of the Unionist government. It also shows how scared of a united Ireland, that they intended to stamp down on the Catholics. It also shows of the discrimination in the electoral system. Due to this Catholics became increasingly frustrated, because there was no one they could complain to about the atrocious treatment they were receiving. However, Source F does not give the full picture, of the discrimination against Catholics. Catholics also tended to be given the most basic housing possible, with the most basic amenities, and in many causes a single Protestant man or women ...read more.

Conclusion

The video shows use both the long term and short term reasons. It tells us that the Unionists were scared of a united Ireland, because they would be in a minority. It tells us of the discriminative political system, in the Unionist dominated Government. It tells us of the Specials Powers Act, this was brought in 1922, and it allowed the R.U.C. to arrest without warrants, and to intern without trail. This goes against democracy, and was mainly used on Catholics. It was intended to end when the emergency was over, however it was used by the Unionist Government until 1972. Source J also shows us how the Unionists stamped authority on the state of Northern Ireland. It gives detailed information into the formation of the R.U.C. and the B Specials, which were mostly ex-members of the U.V.F. (Ulster Volunteer Force). It also shows us the discrimination against Catholics in politics, employment, housing and social segregation. It also tells us of the Gerrymander, and the boundaries for elections. Source J is by far the most useful, as it shows nearly every point of view, and touches on many of the causes of the outbreak of the Troubles. However it does not give sufficient detail on some areas of the outbreak of the Troubles. In conclusion I deduced that there is not sufficient evidence in sources D-J to explain why the Troubles broke out in 1969. Although there is a lot of information on some reasons, there is not enough on others. For example there is no mention of the tradition of republic outbreaks through Irish history, in their struggle for liberation. Chris Gallagher Chris Gallagher 5 Lyndon ...read more.

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