• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is there sufficient evidence in sources D to J to explain why the Troubles broke out in Northern Ireland in 1969?

Extracts from this document...


Is there sufficient evidence in sources D to J to explain why the Troubles broke out in Northern Ireland in 1969? By 1968 Protestants Unionists were controlling the government in Northern Ireland. They managed to stay in control due to the gerrymandering of the election boundaries. This meant that the Catholics were being treated unfairly- they were often left with the poorest housing and jobs. Catholics began to hold peaceful civil rights marches because they were unhappy about the slow pace of the reform which had been promised by the new Unionist government. During these protests violence broke out between the Catholics and the Protestants and in 1969 the British government sent in troops to restore order. The next few years became known as the Troubles as a result of the constant violence and conflict of which Bloody Sunday, 30th January 1972 was a major and tragic event. Source D is written by a Catholic woman describing her schooldays. The source was produced in 1969, at the beginning of the Troubles where emotions and tensions were likely to be very high between the Nationalists and the Unionists. This particular source very much emphasises strong Irish pride and Catholicism and therefore is likely to have bias. The writer talks about her Vice Principal, an educator who therefore could easily influence children with her opinions about the English/Protestants, teaching them also to have prejudices. ...read more.


The source is mocking the Catholics and therefore does have bias which could question its reliability. However, the bias of the source helps to identify why there was any conflict between the Catholics and the Protestants in the first place. The fact that it is a cartoon also questions its value as a reliable source and because it has very little explanation, there is not enough detail to give sufficient evidence to why the Troubles broke out. Source F is a map of Derry in 1966, when the Protestants Unionists ruled Northern Ireland. The government treated the Catholics unfairly, giving them the poorest housing and jobs, creating the Protestant armed police forced (B Specials) who were prejudiced against Catholics, and then gerrymandering the electoral boundaries to make sure they remained in control. In 1966 the majority of the population in Derry was Catholic and as the source shows, by moving the boundaries Catholic votes were split up (North Ward, Waterside Ward) resulting in the Protestants being the majority in each area. In 1966 eight Nationalists and twelve Unionists were elected, therefore keeping the Protestants in power. F is an entirely factual source (unlike D and E) making it more reliable/valuable. It suggests that gerrymandering and the fact that the Protestants remained in power brought about the Troubles because the Catholics felt they were being treated unfairly. ...read more.


However the source has no explanation for why Loyalists ambushed the Republicans at this particular march, therefore the source does not have sufficient evidence. Finally, the last source (J) is from the film, 'Bloody Sunday' which was produced in 1972 (in the midst of the troubles, therefore should be quite accurate and relevant). The film explains why the Troubles began in much detail- it shows that civil rights marches (in Belfast and Derry) were held because the Catholics were being treated unfairly and also shows how they ended in violence when Protestants would attack them. Although this films claims 'it is based entirely of British Government documents, interviews, eyewitness reports and court transcripts', there are other films made of the Troubles in Ireland which contradict. This film only looks at the conflict through the view of one Catholic family and therefore doesn't show the entirety of why the Troubles started. After thorough study of the sources it can be concluded that although they give some evidence to why the Troubles began in 1969, they are all insufficient in giving a full account. The majority of the sources are short and therefore lack detail and explanation into why the Troubles did start. Many of the sources (e.g. G) have some form of bias, which could question their reliability and value. However, together all of the sources do provide some basis for why the Troubles started, combining the history of the religious divide with the newer prejudices between the two groups. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland Troubles Sources Questions

    It partly succeeds, but with a wider variety of evidence it would be more convincing. Question 2 The Sources A B and C strongly suggest an Anti-Catholic prejudice in Northern Ireland, for example Source C shows a table where only 500 of the 9,000 workers at 'Harland and Wolff' are Catholic that is only 5.5% of the total work force.

  2. Northern Ireland - source related questions and answers

    ran on well into the 90's were the Burntollet Bridge incident in which The People's Democracy March left Belfast on 1 January and arrived in Londonderry on 4 January 1969.

  1. Why Did ‘Bloody Sunday’ Take Place? (Russian History Sources Question)

    Source G shows how the Tsar deals with international affairs and how he was not worried about the problems that Russia was facing in the War. From this source there are reasons why the workers and peasants of Russia dislike the way they are being treated.

  2. Study source J; do you agree with this portrayal of the reasons why troubles ...

    be unemployed; the fair employment commission had been destabilized with a rise in unemployment, and still catholic were over represented in unskilled work and under represented in managerial post showing that they were still being discriminated at this time due to there religion.

  1. I.R.A. Sources Questions

    Whilst progress was being made it was only slow. The ceasefires were followed by the Joint Framework Document which set out a plan for a new peace process in Northern Ireland and the creation of an assembly of North - South Ministers. Sinn Fein supported it but the IRA still refused to give up its guns.

  2. There has been conflict in Northern Ireland for many centuries. But I am specifically ...

    thought it was wrong and that they were Catholics by there own free will. So source E is a very bias source, only giving the view of the Protestants. Source E doesn't give much of a reason why trouble would of broke out in 1969, but just shows that the

  1. Irish History

    Bernadette Devlin also appeared in the video 'Legacy,' (source J) again she was talking about the Troubles, and the civil rights marches in which she was heavily involved in and giving a nationalist viewpoint to the causes of the Troubles.

  2. Why Trouble Broke Out In Nothern Ireland In 1969

    In 1922, tension still increased in Ireland with the Partiton in Ireland occurring. Unionists and Nationalists movements emerged with both movements arming themselves to achieve their aims. Following a bitter war, the British MP Government partitioned Ireland and created Northern Ireland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work