• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is there sufficient evidence in sources D to J to explain why the Troubles broke out in Northern Ireland in 1969?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Is there sufficient evidence in sources D to J to explain why the Troubles broke out in Northern Ireland in 1969? By 1968 Protestants Unionists were controlling the government in Northern Ireland. They managed to stay in control due to the gerrymandering of the election boundaries. This meant that the Catholics were being treated unfairly- they were often left with the poorest housing and jobs. Catholics began to hold peaceful civil rights marches because they were unhappy about the slow pace of the reform which had been promised by the new Unionist government. During these protests violence broke out between the Catholics and the Protestants and in 1969 the British government sent in troops to restore order. The next few years became known as the Troubles as a result of the constant violence and conflict of which Bloody Sunday, 30th January 1972 was a major and tragic event. Source D is written by a Catholic woman describing her schooldays. The source was produced in 1969, at the beginning of the Troubles where emotions and tensions were likely to be very high between the Nationalists and the Unionists. This particular source very much emphasises strong Irish pride and Catholicism and therefore is likely to have bias. The writer talks about her Vice Principal, an educator who therefore could easily influence children with her opinions about the English/Protestants, teaching them also to have prejudices. ...read more.

Middle

The source is mocking the Catholics and therefore does have bias which could question its reliability. However, the bias of the source helps to identify why there was any conflict between the Catholics and the Protestants in the first place. The fact that it is a cartoon also questions its value as a reliable source and because it has very little explanation, there is not enough detail to give sufficient evidence to why the Troubles broke out. Source F is a map of Derry in 1966, when the Protestants Unionists ruled Northern Ireland. The government treated the Catholics unfairly, giving them the poorest housing and jobs, creating the Protestant armed police forced (B Specials) who were prejudiced against Catholics, and then gerrymandering the electoral boundaries to make sure they remained in control. In 1966 the majority of the population in Derry was Catholic and as the source shows, by moving the boundaries Catholic votes were split up (North Ward, Waterside Ward) resulting in the Protestants being the majority in each area. In 1966 eight Nationalists and twelve Unionists were elected, therefore keeping the Protestants in power. F is an entirely factual source (unlike D and E) making it more reliable/valuable. It suggests that gerrymandering and the fact that the Protestants remained in power brought about the Troubles because the Catholics felt they were being treated unfairly. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the source has no explanation for why Loyalists ambushed the Republicans at this particular march, therefore the source does not have sufficient evidence. Finally, the last source (J) is from the film, 'Bloody Sunday' which was produced in 1972 (in the midst of the troubles, therefore should be quite accurate and relevant). The film explains why the Troubles began in much detail- it shows that civil rights marches (in Belfast and Derry) were held because the Catholics were being treated unfairly and also shows how they ended in violence when Protestants would attack them. Although this films claims 'it is based entirely of British Government documents, interviews, eyewitness reports and court transcripts', there are other films made of the Troubles in Ireland which contradict. This film only looks at the conflict through the view of one Catholic family and therefore doesn't show the entirety of why the Troubles started. After thorough study of the sources it can be concluded that although they give some evidence to why the Troubles began in 1969, they are all insufficient in giving a full account. The majority of the sources are short and therefore lack detail and explanation into why the Troubles did start. Many of the sources (e.g. G) have some form of bias, which could question their reliability and value. However, together all of the sources do provide some basis for why the Troubles started, combining the history of the religious divide with the newer prejudices between the two groups. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. What are the main differences between Republicans / Nationalists and Unionists / Loyalists?

    hatred towards the soldiers who supposedly murdered them until the truth is uncovered. Anyone who seems to be hiding vital evidence will also be resented. It is not until the truth comes out and people have someone to blame that they can be forgiven and people can move on to a more peaceful future.

  2. Northern Ireland Conflict-Religion vs. PoliticsThe conflict in Northern Ireland is likely one of the ...

    This suggests a social order where the leaders have significant control over the systems of a society. Protestantism in contrast is based much more loosely. It is composed of several forms of Christianity, including Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist and the Church of Ireland.

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    would be prepared to compromise so that British rule in Ireland would be maintained. And, therefore, their enemy had now widened to include part of their own community. ... You were dealing with a movement which had an historic mission, rich in religious symbolism, convinced of its own morality and

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    affecting the UK, because in 1974 two members of the Birmingham Six were jailed for life after 21 innocent people were killed in two bombs in pubs near the centre of Birmingham on Thursday 21st November 1974. With their 4 co-accused, the men who were Johnny Walker and Hugh Callaghan

  1. Write an account of what life in Ireland was like in the middle of ...

    These would have been very useful for the Anglo Norman farmer as they would have been used to pull ploughs and carts (Barry 1987, 81). The medieval town of Newtown Jerpoint in Kilkenny was a 13th century medieval town, and probably one of its largest types in Ireland at the time.

  2. Why Trouble Broke Out In Nothern Ireland In 1969

    It has been adapted from B. Devlin, the Price of My Soul in 1969. The source tells me that the school she was educated in was taught an exclusive Irish History and it was a very patriotic school. Conversely, the source does not tell you that in 1969 internment occurred

  1. Ireland - Modern World Study

    An International body was set up by former U.S Senator George Mitchell accompanied by Harri Holkeri, former Finnish Prime Minister and General John de Chastelian, Canadian Chief of Defence Staff. A report named the Mitchell Report was published on January 22nd 1996.

  2. Explain how and why serious violence broke out in Northern Ireland from 1968 to ...

    However, the Republic's broadcasting company gave a much bigger insight into the 'trouble', as they had footage that bared witness to the RUC Officers beating retreating civilians with batons and innocent onlookers being flattened by water canon. The RUC were highly regarded by Nationalists as being mainly Loyalist and this could potentially back this claim up.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work