• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Jack The Ripper

Extracts from this document...


1. What can you learn from Source A about the murder of Polly Nicholls? The first thing you can learn from Source A is that the murder of Polly Nicholls is shocking and unusual since it "so startled London". The murder of Polly Nicholls is connected, by the paper, with the murder of Martha Tabram. We know this because they are described as "singular". They are connected because both victims were "the poorest of the poor" and that "no adequate motive in the shape of plunder can be traced". We can tell that the murders are carried out by a madman since the murderer is described as "a demented being". We can also tell that the murders were violent since an "excess of effort" and "extraordinary violence" were used. We can tell these murders are unique because the features are "peculiar". Strong language is used in the article such as "extraordinary" and "demented", these kinds of words exaggerate the story. We know this is done because of the nature of the article. It came from a local paper whose main aim would be to sell newspapers and make a profit. 2. Does the evidence of Source C support the evidence of Sources A and B about the Ripper Murders? Explain you answer. To begin with, Source C supports Source B in the way that they both suggest that the murderer has medical knowledge. We can see this is Source B where the injuries to the victim are described as "operations" and this is similar to Source C where they are described as "incisions" - a surgical term. Source C agrees with Source A in that the two separate victims were both poor. ...read more.


Photography was used in investigations, but was a new process. In 1862 "photographs of criminals were taken in prison and then sent to Scotland Yard" these made up the 'Rogues Gallery'. The problem with this was that the photographs were used to identify criminal 'types' by the shape of their heads rather than to keep records. Police were mainly unpopular with the general public because of their methods of crowd control like baton charging. Police developed a reputation for heavy-handedness and violence and cases such as "a baton charge resulted in a 78 year old man being trampled to death" in 1868 just seemed to prove this reputation. Even though detectives were used in murder cases, the method they used of following suspicious characters was no different to that of general policemen. Police had learnt the value of footprints, but were still unaware of how to use the information correctly and it was not until 1901 that fingerprinting was developed. Police constables were not trained to deal with crimes but more rained in military drills and inspections were based on parades rather than police work and furthermore most constables learnt their "trade on the job." It seemed that the importance to look good and behave correctly out-weighed the importance of solving and preventing crimes. Even though during the day an average beat would be seven and a half miles, it would be reduced to just two miles at night. This was inefficient since many crimes, including the Jack the Ripper murders, were committed at night time. During the Ripper murders, the police followed up every piece of evidence available to them. This was because they had hardly any leads on to who the murderer could be. ...read more.


Inspector Abberline was in charge of the investigation and this was a good because he had spent most of his career in Whitechapel. This meant that he knew the surrounding area and many of the people. The police increased patrols after the double event and appealed for witnesses but to no avail. Even though the police seem to have done all they could to catch Jack the Ripper, it is evident that there are also flaws in their investigation. The police let the newspapers virtually force them into arresting John Pizer even though he had alibis for the nights in question and they continued to be affected by the stories in the newspapers such as the 'Dear Boss' letter. The police ignored Elizabeth Long's estimate of the time of death for Annie Chapman even though the police doctor admitted his estimate could be wrong. The police also thought that the killer lived in Whitechapel, whereas evidence suggests that he didn't. All murders were committed on the weekend, which suggests the murderer has a job and only travels to Whitechapel at the weekends. In conclusion, even though there were many improvements that could have been made to the investigation into the Jack the Ripper murders such as improved policing methods and not wasting time, there was not really much available to the police force in the late 19th century. On the little to none evidence that the police had, they still carried on the investigation to the best of their ability and used the resources available to them, like doctors and photography, to aid the investigation. Overall, whilst policing methods had not changed, this was not the fault of the police force because they did not have the knowledge to capture Jack the Ripper. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Jack The Ripper - Law and Order in the late 19th century

    and therefore the public felt they were all at risk. Prostitutes were easy to prey upon and would be paid around 4 to 6d; it was estimated there were around 80,000 in the East End alone. These women were portrayed as more innocent by the media rather than drunk prostitutes,

  2. How far was the monarchy responsible for its own downfall in September 1792? Explain ...

    By the time the constitution had failed there was very little that the King could do to regain his authority The war was intended to unite France in a common cause, however French over ambition saw the war end badly and major radicals come to power ruling with terror, Louis

  1. Jack the Ripper questions and answers.

    Mary Ann Cox, another prostitute, saw Mary Kelly going into Miller's Court with a man at 11:45om. He was about thirty-six years old, about five feet six inches tall and had blotches on his face. He had thick ginger hair and was dressed in shabby dark clothes with a dark overcoat and hat.

  2. Law and order in 19th century London - Case Study: The search for "Jack ...

    previous killings the press found it hard to believe that the killer was not being seen, or had been caught. Many, as well as the press were under the impression, due to all of the evidence that the killer had some kind of hatred for all prostitutes, and was picking them all out one by one.

  1. From the evidence available, trace the development of the Jewellery Quarter in the ...

    Working conditions in the Jewellery Quarter was also an issue and was often investigated. The information I have about the working conditions of children came from the second report of Commissioners on the labour of women and children in factories (Parliamentary papers, Volumes XIII, XIV and XV).

  2. Roosevelt's New Deal

    The person who took the photograph is believed to have being black, and was trying to convey the message to an audience who was opposed to Roosevelt, that then, in 1937, the amount of unemployment was actually rising-and rose to 10 million, and it hadn't been so high in 2 years.

  1. Race Relations in the US since 1954

    The Montgomery bus boycotts were set to go ahead and Martin Luther King was elected to lead the protest. King was an omnipotent public speaker with powerful and inspirational messages behind his speeches. It was stressed that this protest was 'non-violent' and no violent conduct would take place.

  2. Elizabethen Source Investigation

    Women in the work place is the second of the three sections in the assessment. In this part, one will be able to see how women were dealt with, throughout the 1800s. In source, 'A,' we see women working in industrial work.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work