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Jack the Ripper Coursework. Describe the system of law and order in the late 19th century.

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Jack the Ripper Coursework Question 1 Describe the system of law and order in the late 19th century. During the 1700s, and the early 19th century, the system of law and order in this country was dismal. Old policing methods were still in use. The Bloody Code was helpful for the country, and was used as a punishment in the medieval period. 'Hue and Cry' was one of many ways of catching criminals. The 'Hue and Cry:' a person could call out loudly for help in pursuing a suspected criminal. All who heard the call were by law to join in the chase, failure to do so would incur a heavy fine and any misuse of the hue and cry was also punishable. After the Bloody Code was brought to an end, a new punishment called the death sentence (capital punishment) ...read more.


If one of the members broke the law, then they all would have to compensate for the crime committed. The new police force, the Metropolitan Police was set up in 1829 to catch the criminals. The death sentence and transportation were again abolished, and imprisonment became a very effective way of a punishment. The most important change in the system of law and order was the development of a paid professional police force. Sir Robert Peel, who was appointed Home Secretary in 1822 and started the Metropolitan Police in 1829, this was the first professional paid police force in the country. He recruited 3200 members to the police force. Their job was to police a seven-mile circle, which started in the centre of London. The earlier methods of policing were not effective enough, as a system of untrained constables was used to deal with crime. ...read more.


did not appreciate the new Metropolitan police force, as they had preconceptions about the police force and didn't like the idea of a police force patrolling the streets. However this reputation had improved towards the late 19th century. The police officers had proved that they were reliable to deal with the crimes. They were also trained and were able to deal with a crimes a lot more efficiently. Due to these changes, the people realized that the police are trustworthy. At this time the police were being accepted into society and London streets were being policed making the streets safe. The purpose of the punishment at the beginning of the 19th century was to eliminate the criminal activity completely, and also be a deterrent of crime to others. The development of the modern police force allowed the streets to become a safer place but there objectives still weren't fulfilled as crime rates were still high. ?? ?? ?? ?? Aaron Fulton-Brown ...read more.

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