• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Jack the Ripper. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century

Extracts from this document...


` 1. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century. The Law and Order had significantly improved during the Nineteenth century, although there were still a few problems. The idea of a Police Force had been set up in the beginning of the Nineteenth century; there had been two different police forces in Britain. One was the Bow Street Runners and the other had been the Thames River Police, which just begun two years into settling in. Before 1929, Britain's towns and cities had been actually patrolled by watchmen and parish constables, this being a good idea, as they knew the area and local people well, still little is known about them. The main turning point came in 1829, when the home secretary, sir Robert Peel set up the Metropolitan Police Force. Peel's making still survives today and he has left his mark on it. Furthermore, Peel gave the police their nickname. They became known as 'peelers' or more commonly known as 'bobbies' after their founder. A key problem that the Metropolitan Police faced was that the early police recruits had been either unsuitable and unfit, most often due to drunkenness and had soon resigned or been sacked. There was also a lack of training, which made the police's job not very successful. This had remained a problem throughout the nineteenth century. Before 1829 the officers couldn't really deal with big turbulences like riots and those were common in many parts of Britain. For example in 1780 law and order in London broke down wholly during the Gordon Riots. The rioters had broken into Newgate Jail and attacked the Bank of England. ...read more.


The media played an immense part in sensationalising the Jack the Ripper case and this grabbed people's attention. It was also believed that the press were setting up a hoax and were behind writing letters to the police claiming to be Jack the Ripper. This was because the media wanted to continue the story along to make money with false reports. These crimes, which were sensationalised and even dramatised in the papers, had drawn interest from all over the world. These letters perpetuated fear, and kept the killing spree in the spotlight. This made people keep buying newspapers. The Education Act of 1870 was very important as well, as it contributed to the publicity of Jack the Ripper. This act made basic schooling compulsory for all, which a large population became interested in the Ripper stories as they were able to read and the exciting stories in the newspapers. The police also drew attention to the murders by leafleting 80000 homes. This caused families to panic and also worried women and made them nervous to walk the streets at night. Jack the Ripper was a sexual serial killer and he terrified the people of Whitechapel and caused the whole world to notice him because he made no attempt to hide the corpses, he killed and mutilated in situations that were risky from the point of view of his being apprehended. Furthermore, the fact that all of his victims were prostitutes seems to have further heightened the interest of people. The fact that the ripper was never caught has created a puzzle that people want to solve. It was human nature to be interested in such a case. ...read more.


He was utterly cold-blooded and clearly some sort of a sexual psychopath. Before the police believed that the killer could be some sort of a doctor, the police visited most of the slaughterhouses in Whitechapel. Seventy-six butchers and slaughterers were questioned. This wasted the police's time, as it was popular belief the Ripper had medical knowledge. Furthermore, they wrongly arrested 'Leather Apron' who was also known as John Pizer. He already had the reputation of demanding money from prostitutes under the threats of violence. Three days after the murder of Annie Chapman 'Leather Apron' was arrested. He was found to have alibis for both of the murders and he was released. Again, a good deal of police time had been wasted. More than 90% of murders are done by people who are known to the victims, but, in the case of the Ripper murders, it looks like killer and victims were complete outsiders. The killer only chose his victims as a result of a possible meeting. This would make it complicated for the police to catch the Ripper, as he didn't plan out whom he was going to kill. They were also at night, and with Whitechapel having lots of back alleys where there was no lighting it made it hard for him to be seen. This also meant that he could escape easily. In conclusion I think that the most important reason for why Jack the Ripper didn't get caught was the fact that he is an efficient killer. It only took him five minutes to kill his victims and he didn't leave much evidence. Also the fact that there was no forensics made it difficult to suss out who the killer could have been. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Lekha Mohanlal 11o ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Rebecca Riots

    This extract from The Carmarthen Journal on 23rd June can also be linked with yet another extract from The Carmarthen Journal on 30th June in 1843. This source talks about what 'Rebecca and her daughters' did. It tells us that late at night, disguised men on horse back wearing women's

  2. To what extent was the Irish Famine merely an excuse for Peel to repeal ...

    to encourage the country they took advantage of the growth of the postal system and railways to spread their propaganda beyond Manchester. As well as public support, the League had managed to gain seats in the House of Commons, so were able to air their grievances in the Commons under their leaders, Richard Cobden and John Bright.

  1. The Black Country Living Museum gives an accurate representation of what life would be ...

    the bell behind the door, the store use to be open for 24 hours, the prices were written in s,d or p, the people living in those days mostly lived off fat and bread, and also there was no electrical lighting or equipment.

  2. Jack the Ripper Coursework - failures of the police, living conditions and the character ...

    However, with no forensic the coroners report could be unreliable. In this section I am going to discuss whether it was the fault of the police force and there investigation that led to the Whitechapel murderer never being caught. The first argument is that the Whitechapel murderer was never caught because of the poor police investigation.

  1. Is Quarry Bank Mill a typical example of manufacture and production in a British ...

    six in the morning without anything at all to eat or fire to warm us. For about a year after I went, we never stopped for breakfast. We stopped working at twelve o'clock, and had an hour for dinner, but ad the cleaning to do during that time.

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    The towns themselves had no organized system of law or trained law enforcement officers whose duty it was to ensure that everyone abided by the law. The towns were very much cut off from the established downs (i.e. the capital, Washington D.C.)

  1. Jack the ripper - What can you learn from source A about the murders ...

    From my own knowledge, I know that inquiries were made at abattoirs and slaughterhouses, because the way that Polly Nichols and Annie Chapman were cut up suggested that someone with experience of dissecting bodies may have been involved. Inspector Frederick Abberline was in charge of the investigation.

  2. How and Why Did The Rebecca Riots Develop?

    The source states that most of the people (farmers) paying the tithes were Nonconformist, which means they went to chapel and not church. This source also inadvertently makes the point that so far, there have been no riots or attacks on churches or religious buildings, proving that whilst the rioters were desperate to make a stand, they were still

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work