• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Jack the Ripper. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century

Extracts from this document...


` 1. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century. The Law and Order had significantly improved during the Nineteenth century, although there were still a few problems. The idea of a Police Force had been set up in the beginning of the Nineteenth century; there had been two different police forces in Britain. One was the Bow Street Runners and the other had been the Thames River Police, which just begun two years into settling in. Before 1929, Britain's towns and cities had been actually patrolled by watchmen and parish constables, this being a good idea, as they knew the area and local people well, still little is known about them. The main turning point came in 1829, when the home secretary, sir Robert Peel set up the Metropolitan Police Force. Peel's making still survives today and he has left his mark on it. Furthermore, Peel gave the police their nickname. They became known as 'peelers' or more commonly known as 'bobbies' after their founder. A key problem that the Metropolitan Police faced was that the early police recruits had been either unsuitable and unfit, most often due to drunkenness and had soon resigned or been sacked. There was also a lack of training, which made the police's job not very successful. This had remained a problem throughout the nineteenth century. Before 1829 the officers couldn't really deal with big turbulences like riots and those were common in many parts of Britain. For example in 1780 law and order in London broke down wholly during the Gordon Riots. The rioters had broken into Newgate Jail and attacked the Bank of England. ...read more.


The media played an immense part in sensationalising the Jack the Ripper case and this grabbed people's attention. It was also believed that the press were setting up a hoax and were behind writing letters to the police claiming to be Jack the Ripper. This was because the media wanted to continue the story along to make money with false reports. These crimes, which were sensationalised and even dramatised in the papers, had drawn interest from all over the world. These letters perpetuated fear, and kept the killing spree in the spotlight. This made people keep buying newspapers. The Education Act of 1870 was very important as well, as it contributed to the publicity of Jack the Ripper. This act made basic schooling compulsory for all, which a large population became interested in the Ripper stories as they were able to read and the exciting stories in the newspapers. The police also drew attention to the murders by leafleting 80000 homes. This caused families to panic and also worried women and made them nervous to walk the streets at night. Jack the Ripper was a sexual serial killer and he terrified the people of Whitechapel and caused the whole world to notice him because he made no attempt to hide the corpses, he killed and mutilated in situations that were risky from the point of view of his being apprehended. Furthermore, the fact that all of his victims were prostitutes seems to have further heightened the interest of people. The fact that the ripper was never caught has created a puzzle that people want to solve. It was human nature to be interested in such a case. ...read more.


He was utterly cold-blooded and clearly some sort of a sexual psychopath. Before the police believed that the killer could be some sort of a doctor, the police visited most of the slaughterhouses in Whitechapel. Seventy-six butchers and slaughterers were questioned. This wasted the police's time, as it was popular belief the Ripper had medical knowledge. Furthermore, they wrongly arrested 'Leather Apron' who was also known as John Pizer. He already had the reputation of demanding money from prostitutes under the threats of violence. Three days after the murder of Annie Chapman 'Leather Apron' was arrested. He was found to have alibis for both of the murders and he was released. Again, a good deal of police time had been wasted. More than 90% of murders are done by people who are known to the victims, but, in the case of the Ripper murders, it looks like killer and victims were complete outsiders. The killer only chose his victims as a result of a possible meeting. This would make it complicated for the police to catch the Ripper, as he didn't plan out whom he was going to kill. They were also at night, and with Whitechapel having lots of back alleys where there was no lighting it made it hard for him to be seen. This also meant that he could escape easily. In conclusion I think that the most important reason for why Jack the Ripper didn't get caught was the fact that he is an efficient killer. It only took him five minutes to kill his victims and he didn't leave much evidence. Also the fact that there was no forensics made it difficult to suss out who the killer could have been. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Lekha Mohanlal 11o ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Rebecca Riots

    This source is useful to us because it was drawn at the time of the rioting, so they might have known how violent the rioting was. However, it was from a newspaper, which could have meant that the level of violence at this time was perhaps exaggerated for media attention.

  2. History Jack The Ripper CW

    Most of the local residents mistrusted the police anyway, and would refuse to tell them anything to cover up their own petty crimes. Sir Charles Warren, Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, encouraged police constables to train a group of bloodhounds to 'follow' the scent of the killer.

  1. Jack The Ripper - Law and Order in the late 19th century

    This may be true to an extent, but we have little more evidence regarding the background of the two sources to substantiate this. However, since both sources tend to show the same view (and is supported by many other views)

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    and killed, the towns would be left with no one to uphold the law and control violence. This meant that vigilantes or outlaws could run towns for long periods of time before law enforcers were able to intervene. Sometimes Law Enforcers themselves were corrupt and responsible for violence and crimes in early western towns.

  1. Why did medical care need to be improved during the early 19th century

    it was like during the time that the book was wrote, so it is only useful for the past, bad and negative sides of hospital hygiene. Source C is a print from the early 19th Century, it is not dated, but it says early 19th Century.

  2. "The only good Indian is a dead one". To what extent can this statement ...

    Not only were many tribes pushed from their homes in the east but were now being forced from the west. Along with other factors such as the developments of stagecoach trails, trains and telephone communications, the two nations became in a horrific war which proved to be one of Americas most aggressive time in history.

  1. Jack the Ripper questions and answers.

    Brown, she was mutilated as much as the other Ripper victims. Her body had been cut open from the breastbone to the lower abdomen. The intestines, the left kidney and most of the womb had been cut out. There were cuts on both eyelids and the tip of the nose was detached.

  2. Law and order in 19th century London - Case Study: The search for "Jack ...

    The bodies' disembowelments led to the thought that the killer had some medical experience, a man that was experienced and knew what he was doing. All the victims were women and where they were killed was a great worry to the residents of Whitechapel, the thought that ordinary people, as

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work