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Jack the Ripper. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century

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Introduction

` 1. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century. The Law and Order had significantly improved during the Nineteenth century, although there were still a few problems. The idea of a Police Force had been set up in the beginning of the Nineteenth century; there had been two different police forces in Britain. One was the Bow Street Runners and the other had been the Thames River Police, which just begun two years into settling in. Before 1929, Britain's towns and cities had been actually patrolled by watchmen and parish constables, this being a good idea, as they knew the area and local people well, still little is known about them. The main turning point came in 1829, when the home secretary, sir Robert Peel set up the Metropolitan Police Force. Peel's making still survives today and he has left his mark on it. Furthermore, Peel gave the police their nickname. They became known as 'peelers' or more commonly known as 'bobbies' after their founder. A key problem that the Metropolitan Police faced was that the early police recruits had been either unsuitable and unfit, most often due to drunkenness and had soon resigned or been sacked. There was also a lack of training, which made the police's job not very successful. This had remained a problem throughout the nineteenth century. Before 1829 the officers couldn't really deal with big turbulences like riots and those were common in many parts of Britain. For example in 1780 law and order in London broke down wholly during the Gordon Riots. The rioters had broken into Newgate Jail and attacked the Bank of England. ...read more.

Middle

The media played an immense part in sensationalising the Jack the Ripper case and this grabbed people's attention. It was also believed that the press were setting up a hoax and were behind writing letters to the police claiming to be Jack the Ripper. This was because the media wanted to continue the story along to make money with false reports. These crimes, which were sensationalised and even dramatised in the papers, had drawn interest from all over the world. These letters perpetuated fear, and kept the killing spree in the spotlight. This made people keep buying newspapers. The Education Act of 1870 was very important as well, as it contributed to the publicity of Jack the Ripper. This act made basic schooling compulsory for all, which a large population became interested in the Ripper stories as they were able to read and the exciting stories in the newspapers. The police also drew attention to the murders by leafleting 80000 homes. This caused families to panic and also worried women and made them nervous to walk the streets at night. Jack the Ripper was a sexual serial killer and he terrified the people of Whitechapel and caused the whole world to notice him because he made no attempt to hide the corpses, he killed and mutilated in situations that were risky from the point of view of his being apprehended. Furthermore, the fact that all of his victims were prostitutes seems to have further heightened the interest of people. The fact that the ripper was never caught has created a puzzle that people want to solve. It was human nature to be interested in such a case. ...read more.

Conclusion

He was utterly cold-blooded and clearly some sort of a sexual psychopath. Before the police believed that the killer could be some sort of a doctor, the police visited most of the slaughterhouses in Whitechapel. Seventy-six butchers and slaughterers were questioned. This wasted the police's time, as it was popular belief the Ripper had medical knowledge. Furthermore, they wrongly arrested 'Leather Apron' who was also known as John Pizer. He already had the reputation of demanding money from prostitutes under the threats of violence. Three days after the murder of Annie Chapman 'Leather Apron' was arrested. He was found to have alibis for both of the murders and he was released. Again, a good deal of police time had been wasted. More than 90% of murders are done by people who are known to the victims, but, in the case of the Ripper murders, it looks like killer and victims were complete outsiders. The killer only chose his victims as a result of a possible meeting. This would make it complicated for the police to catch the Ripper, as he didn't plan out whom he was going to kill. They were also at night, and with Whitechapel having lots of back alleys where there was no lighting it made it hard for him to be seen. This also meant that he could escape easily. In conclusion I think that the most important reason for why Jack the Ripper didn't get caught was the fact that he is an efficient killer. It only took him five minutes to kill his victims and he didn't leave much evidence. Also the fact that there was no forensics made it difficult to suss out who the killer could have been. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Lekha Mohanlal 11o ...read more.

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