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Jack the ripper - What can you learn from source A about the murders of Polly Nicholls and Martha Tabram?

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Introduction

1) Study Source A What can you learn from source A about the murders of Polly Nicholls and Martha Tabram? Looking at the source A, I can see that the murders of Polly Nicholls and Martha Tabram were linked. The source tells us that the two women were 'of the poorest of the poor'. Both women were prostitutes. The source suggests that the murders were committed by a 'demented being'; this was because of the 'extraordinary violence'. This would led me to think that these murders were committed by the same person which they were thought to be at that time, but know other sources and specialists believe that that these two murders may have been committed by two different people. You cannot rely on this source too much because it is a newspaper article that means the information has probably been sensationalised, because it is only interested in the news value. This newspaper leaves out many bits of information on the murders, like where they took place (George Yard and Bucks Row) and when they happened. 2) Study Sources A, B and C. Does the evidence of source c support the evidence of source A and B about the Ripper Murders? Source C is a report by Doctor on the body of Elizabeth Stride. Source B is a coroners report on the death of Polly Nicholls. Source A is an article from the newspaper describing the murders of Martha Tabram and Polly Nicholls. Source C supports the evidence in source B, they both describe the how the ripper had 'anatomical skill and knowledge' and how much preparation had been put into the murders. Source C talks about the incision which cut the windpipe 'completely in two' which shows that this was a planned and not frenzied like the one described in source A, because if this would have been the case the windpipe would not have been cut completely in two because it would have been done much quicker. ...read more.

Middle

A, we can learn that the murders of Martha Tabram and Polly Nicholls occurred within the same month in the city of London. The motive of the killer in each case is questionable, as no theft has occurred with the murder. We can tell that these murders are unusual and especially shocking as they are described as 'startling'. It is strongly indicated that the two murders are linked as the one article describes them together, and the victims are both poor women, killed in London in the same month. We can guess that the killer has not been found the killings are described as 'the work of a demented being' but fails to mention the name of the killer or any suspects. From this description of the killer and the terms 'excess of effort' and 'extraordinary violence' when referring to the killings, we can learn that the murders are brutal and violent and most probably premeditated as 'the excess of effort' would be applied in a planned and calculated murder. As the East End Observer is intended for public reading, and the articles are made as interesting as possible, we must bare in mind that the descriptions of the killings may have been exaggerated. Question 2 Source C supports sources A and B in saying that there was blood on Elisabeth Stride's chest, as sources A and B both describe brutal and bloody murders. Source A states that there was no apparent motive to the murder in the shape of plunder. Source c both supports this in saying that there was no money on the body and therefore no indication that a theft had occurred, but also challenges source A as the lack of money found on the body could have been the result of plunder taking place. Source C's description of the incision in the victim's neck supports source A's statement that the murders are violent and the work of a demented being. ...read more.

Conclusion

someone had recognised Jack the Ripper, as a friend or family member, they would probably not report him for fear of the repercussions. There evidence had also sometimes been violated, for example in the case of Mary Ann Nichols the body had been moved from the scene and all the blood washed away before any senior members of the investigative team had arrived on the scene. When the body of Catherine Eddowes was found there was a message written in chalk in a doorway next to a piece of her apron, which the ripper had used to wipe off his knife. The message said 'The Juwes are the men who will not be blamed for nothing' The City of London police wanted to photograph it as evidence but the commissioner ordered it washed away. It was only Mary Jane Kelly who was photographed at the scene. It was also rumoured that the press would plant false evidence to make the story either gorier or more interesting for their readers. The press also pressurised the police to follow up the lead of 'The leather apron', even though they had reason to believe he was not responsible. The fact that both Scotland Yard and the City of London police force were both involved caused problems too. The lack of communication between the two forces meant that evidence was not shared which could prevent vital evidence form being followed up. They also had different policing methods, The City of London police force believed in taking photos at the scene of the crime and studying the scene and the surrounding area in great detail for any evidence. Scotland Yard, or the Metropolitan Police would move the body to perform autopsies as close to time of death as possible and take many statements. The angst between the two forces was probably one of the greatest problems in the Ripper case. Barbara Kruger February 02, 2003 This essay downloaded from coursework.info http://www.coursework.info/ Top of Form 1 Bottom of Form 1 ...read more.

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