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Japanese Invade Manchuria

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History Essay Michael Boland Japanese Invade Manchuria 1. What were the main aims of the League of Nations when it was set up in 1920? The main aims of the League were: * To discourage aggression from any nation. * To encourage countries to co-operate, especially in business and trade. * To encourage nations to disarm. * And finally to improve the living and working conditions of people in all parts of the world. The league felt that these four main points would help world peace and solve problems, reducing the amount of wars. 2. Explain why the League of Nations failed to deal successfully with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931. This is because the league felt threatened by Japan. This was because Japan had a powerful army and navy and the army leaders dictated government policy. This meant that if the army majors did not like what the League was doing then they could also declare war on them. It shows that even when the Japanese Government officials told the army to withdraw, the army leaders just ignored them. This is an example of how powerful their army was and the league was extremely worried that if they butted in then the Japanese army would turn on them (it was clear that the army and not the government that was in control of the Japanese foreign policy). ...read more.


But, because the amount of hours was shortened children would be paid less and families would have to starve etc. Although, on the other hand the League campaigned to improve working conditions generally. Many people in countries would be happy for this as it restricted the amount of deaths and improved the safety for people working. It also introduced a resolution for a maximum 48-hour week, and an eight-hour day, but only a minority of members adopted it because they thought it would raise industrial costs. It also meant that families could not raise the full amount of money they needed to keep them economically stable. Health was also a major thing that the League tried to improve. It worked very hard to defeat leprosy, which was a life threatening disease. Also campaigning to exterminate mosquitoes, which reduced cases of malaria and yellow fever. This showed some of the Leagues power of being able to globally try and exterminate mosquitoes. Even the USSR, which was opposed to the League, took health advice on preventing plague in Siberia. This was positive for the League as it shows that even the USSR took notice to the league and that it greatly affected countries not even in the League. This showed that these countries would be thankful to the League and would not start a war. ...read more.


But instead agreed that Nations could keep their armies for self-defence. In a way this was good but it was also bad as if a country wanted to invade another it still could. But overall the two pacts made the world a much safer place. One of the last failures of the League before it collapsed was the invasion of Japan on Manchuria. The invasion got more serious and eventually ended up in Japan resigning from the League. Japan was also a major country in the League that traded with the USA and had a good income for the league. So its resignation was a big blow. After this the League had nearly collapsed and the last main blow was when Italy invaded Abyssinian. Here the League could not agree on effective sanctions against Italy, and France and Britain tried to do a secret deal and give Italy most of Abyssinian. After this the League was seen as powerless and irrelevant. All of this evidence overall shows me that the League tried as much as it could to create peace, but it was being pulled back by so many things and eventually collapsed after failing to settle some major disputes. These disputes led to WW2 and showed that the League had failed on what it had intended for, despite helping so many countries in many different ways. ...read more.

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