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Key Features of the Warsaw Pact and NATO

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Introduction

Explain the key features of the Warsaw Pact of May 1955 One of the key features of the Warsaw pact is that it was formed as a response due to West Germany joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). It was established in 1955 as retaliation and as a safety measure against the threat from the NATO countries. It was made up of Eastern European Countries. The Warsaw Pact was very similar to NATO and was signed by The Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. Another key feature of the Warsaw Pact is it demanded a spirit of ?sincere co-operation? and it will undertake a sense of international peace and it also said that it will reduce armaments and it will prohibit atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs and other weapons of mass destruction. ...read more.

Middle

This gave Soviet Russia and Khrushchev a lot of control over all of the Eastern European nations as his army was stationed inside the countries and this also provided a defence and a sense of security for Khrushchev in case there was an invasion from Western Europe and America because he had support from the Eastern nations. Explain the key features of the NATO Pact One of the key features of the NATO Pact is that it was formed after the Berlin Blockade because Harry Truman was not willing to back down from Berlin and he did not want to create another war so instead he created USA?s first peacetime military alliance to make sure that Stalin does not attack the USA and the west and thinks again before trying to expand because Stalin would have to go to another war and the Soviet Union was very weakened after the effects of World War II. ...read more.

Conclusion

This meant that if Stalin did anything then they would attack to maintain ?peace? in the world and contain the spread of communism. The final key feature of the NATO pact was that it was a warning to the Soviet Union that any more attempts to expand such as the Berlin Blockade itself will be considered as aggressive and there will be actions taken from the NATO pact and its members. Therefore, a major aim of this pact was to contain communism and prevent its spreading towards the west as communism was still considered to a wrong belief, hence by forming a pact after events like the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Aid the consequence was that Stalin was more reluctant to spread the belief. Also their collective army and resources made them a strong force so they were able to strike fear in Stalin and made him hesitant. ...read more.

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