• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Kristallnacht Sources Questions

Extracts from this document...


Alex Boultwood 11a History Kristallnacht Coursework. (a) Source A is a summary of an account by a journalist who was working for a Nazi paper before the war and was written in 1954. Fritz Hesse (the source author) recalls a conversation he overheard between Goebbels and Hitler at a dinner in Munich on the 9th of November. An officer whispered to Goebbels and then Goebbels communicated to Hitler the plans of a mass attack, which he and the SA intended to launch against synagogues and Jewish shops. This source shows that whilst Hitler was not involved in the planning of the attacks he knew of them, did nothing to stop them and undeniably approved of them, he was observed to have " squealed with delight and slapped his thigh with enthusiasm". When Goebbels told him what they were going to do. Source B is a secret report made by the Nazi party supreme court after the events of Kristallnact. ...read more.


Because of it's biased nature and attempt to play down the significance of the event ,it's usefulness to historians is limited. (b) Source C is written by the American Consul in Leipzig called David Buffman. He wrote his account at the time of Kristallnacht from what he had witnessed and from the interviews he carried out. He says that the violence was caused by SS men and storm troopers, that were not in uniform, but who came prepared, armed with axes, firebombs and hammers. This shows that these attacks were not spontaneous as claimed by the Nazi's, but were clearly planned. As the author is American this source can be viewed as a reliable and non-biased source. This is because America was not at war yet and therefore was not directly involved in the events. He says that the crowds of German civilians were clearly horrified by the violence perpetrated against the Jewish community, and also to witness the fire brigade only putting out the fires which had spread to German buildings. ...read more.


The author of Source C unlike these two is not allied to either of the parties directly involved in the events of Kristallnacht. (d) Both cartoons are against fascism. In Source F the Nazi is standing on people and their possessions holding a knife and in Source G the Nazi is standing over a person clasping a truncheon. The artists are symbolising the Nazis oppression of the people of Germany and how they ruled them with brute force. Source F is from a Russian newspaper and the artist is telling the Russian people that fascism is wrong and communism is moral and the best way to rule. Source G is from an anti-Nazi country, Britain. It is trying to enforce the image that Nazis are evil and are and are ruling Germany with tyranny. Therefore both sources are biased. Source G is trying to turn Britain against the Nazis perhaps in preparation for war and Source F is attempting to turn the Russian people against fascism and to make them believe communism is just. Both these cartoons support the views of the countries government (e) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Holocaust Sources Questions

    was told, "when your young you believe it, you want to believe it." The Nazis used SS soldiers on leave as means of spreading propaganda to the public, lyss says it was an SS soldier she asked about the camps Q.4.

  2. Why Did Kristallnacht Take Place? (a) A ...

    This account is all the more believable, and therefore supportive of source C because it was written by a German civil servant - somebody who was involved and would have knowledge of such plans of the State. (d) Source F is a cartoon about Kristallnacht, published in a Russian newspaper on 10 November 1938.

  1. Source Investigation: Why did Kristallnacht take place?

    the Nazis as being responsible for the events of Kristallnacht, suggested by a Nazi in the cartoon, raising his arm in victory while standing over a dead body, one whom he has evidently just slain. Source F presents the same image, but not quite as powerfully.

  2. What impression of 'Kristallnacht' does source c give? Explain your answer.

    work more interesting to the public; he could of heard rumours and broadcasted it. Overall, I think that this doesn't support the statement because the source clearly implies that Goebbels and the SA were involved and it was planned, not a 'spontaneous event caused by the German people'.

  1. Studies of Sources from the Reichstag Fire - who was responsible?

    As Diels was head of the political police, you might think this source is reliable, but because it was written after the Second World War, there is no-one to justify exactly what he had said so makes this source unreliable.

  2. What was the main cause of Kristallnacht?

    This claims that Goebbles destroyed the property so it was not the fault of the German public but his. The source is quite reliable because Goering would have had a good idea of what was going one inside the Nazi party because he was a chief Nazi.

  1. Nazi Germany: Why did Kristallnacht take place

    Explain your answer. (6) Source C is an account by David Buffman, the American Consul in Leipzig. He wrote this account at the time from what he had seen himself and from interviews he carried out. Firstly, David describes to us what the Nazi press claims as the origin of the shattering of shop

  2. Nazi Germany - Why did Kristallnacht take place? Source based work.

    Also, the fact that it was written in 1954 makes it less reliable. I think this because it was written 16 years after the event and therefore ones memory may be blurred. Fritz Hesse was a journalist and he could have made some of these things up to make his

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work