• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Law And Order In the 19th Century

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework Law and order in the late 19th century was pretty much the same it had been since the Middle Ages: there were hangings for most crimes however minor they were and limbs cut off to stop theft which around the time was 75% of recorded crime. Most of the theft was due to pickpockets who, with the help of the crowded streets and executions, managed to do well in London. The public executions drew in massive crowds and many of the rich observed as well which meant it was a target for the pickpockets. With the introduction of rookeries, organised gangs of pickpockets, theft in London grew until cases of garrotting began to appear. Garrotting is when you half-strangle someone to death just to rob them, it wasn't until an MP was garrotted that politicians and the police took it seriously. There was a lot of fear surrounding this crime which is mostly because of the media blowing it out of proportion. ...read more.

Middle

This is the reason for the MPF to be set up as well as the people wanting a stable, working police force in London. Robert Peel is the main behind this idea, who believed that the idea the existing police force was a joke. He set up a Metropolitan Police Force that was effective around a 3.5 mile radius of London's Centre. The force contained 3,200 men commanded by 144 constables each with 4 inspectors and 17 divisions. The 'bobbies' or 'peelers' wore a dark blue uniform and a tall hat. They were only armed with a truncheon which left them open to attack. The reason for the downgraded weaponry was so they were the exact opposite of the army who had the tendency to get violent and stir up the fire. The reputation was a bad one because most of the working class had survived simply by thieving from others now that they had been stopped people were starving and so they were beginning to be called Peel's Private Army. ...read more.

Conclusion

The prisons were a new thing in the 19th century as unlike the executions these were used to reform the criminals rather than get rid of them all together, before the 19th century the prisoners were very badly taken care of but with new inspections the quality increased. During the first decade prison reputation was very bad and criminals weren't deterred from committing crimes but over time the crime rates began to drop again and London had just invented the first criminal rehabilitation system in England. In conclusion John Peel and the police force paved the way for the 20th century and without the new system in place London and the rest of England would have fallen to criminals, rioters and disgruntled citizens. The systems had kept London safe for the next century, and were quickly spread through the rest of England as the criminals moved further and further away from the policed cities. The systems have been introduced in many countries and have proved themselves to be very effective systems. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How significant was James Simpsons role in solving the problem of surgery during the ...

    be more important since their discoveries caused essential progress in solving the problems of surgery. Louis Pasteur was extremely vital as he was responsible for the development of the Germ theory, along with Robert Koch. The French scientist was also accountable for the many vaccines such as Chicken cholera, Rabies and Anthrax.

  2. The Rebecca Riots

    as they all tell us about the new kind of violence - the attacks on tollgates. The second extract from The Carmarthen Journal written on the 23rd June seems to be quite terrifying. It talks about how the workers were ordered outside, a woman was assaulted, and anything the rioters could find was thrown outside.

  1. The Black Country Living Museum gives an accurate representation of what life would be ...

    also wearing a watch which was modern because the bakers in the olden days did not wear watches to keep track of the time, furthermore there was also a newspaper the baker had at the back which was up to date with the twenty first century back in the early

  2. Was Oystermouth Castle typical of the castles built in Wales during the middle Ages?

    Its chapel was part of its domestic function. Its whipping post was part of its prison then turning into a ruin. Its location was when it first began as a military function. All these unusual features took place with the changes of the function of the castle. Site It's site was considered unusual as there was a choice

  1. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    These enclosures blocked rancher's access to water for their cattle. By the 1880s sheep rearing was a growing industry because farmers could begin with a lower initial investment and expect quicker returns than cattle. The great number of sheep outnumbered cattle and became grave competition from grazing land.

  2. How and Why Did The Rebecca Riots Develop?

    The main weakness with this source is the opening statement - 'Agricultural labourers would rather starve than go into the workhouse.' This is an opinion and sounds like an exaggeration, but otherwise, the source is useful. The 1980 book 'Wales in Modern Times' written by David Evans tells us about the tithes paid to the Anglican church.

  1. THE BIGGEST BREAKTHROUGH IN PUBLIC HEALTH IN BRITAIN TOOK PLACE IN THE 19TH NOT ...

    It also improved standards of housing, stopped the pollution of rivers, shortened working hours in factories for women and children, made it illegal to add ingredients that mad food unhealthy and made education compulsory. This last health reform is key in indicating the disappearance of the laissez-faire attitude.

  2. Describing Advances in Weaponry in WW2.

    However in most cases what were kept the same were the key design and the concept of each vehicle and weapon as it was good. Tanks got a lot of advancement and had a lot of upgrades such as German tanks like the Panzer which went up till Panzer VI

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work