• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

League of Nations 1930 failures

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain whether you agree or disagree with this statement: 'The League failed in the 1930's simply because it faced greater challenges than it had faced in the 1920's.' Historians like AJP Taylor have supported the view that the League of Nations was poorly organized in the 1930's and that its repeated mistakes led to its failure. The first country to take aggressive action following the Wall Street Crash was Japan. Japan was disappointed not to be given more territory in China by the peace treaties of 1919-20. This led to resentment against Britain, France and the USA. One area of China which was of particular interest to Japan was the northern province of Manchuria 1931-1932 was when the first serious test of the League after 1929 came in 1931, when Japan invaded Manchuria on 18 September. Both Japan and China were members of the League. The League did set up the Lytton Commission of Enquiry (on Japan's suggestion) in December 1931 to investigate the situation. This committee did not report until October 1932. By then, Japan had been in complete control of Manchuria for nearly a year, and had renamed it Manchukuo. ...read more.

Middle

The League of Nations was broken by the Abyssinian crisis. Another argument supported by Historian James Joll is that the league had a lot of challenges in the 1930's due to the Wall Street Crash and the attitudes of the member nations that made it difficult for them to take proper decisions. When the Wall Street Crash happened in the USA in October 1929 it soon began what became known as the Great Depression. This was a serious economic crisis which affected almost the entire world, and led to widespread unemployment and social suffering. It also contributed to the emergence of extreme political parties in many countries. Italy had already become a Fascist dictatorship before 1929, but both Japan and Germany came under the control of extreme nationalist and dictatorial governments during the early 1930s. Yet all three countries at first remained members of the League. These governments increasingly turned to aggressive foreign policies in an attempt to solve their economic problems at the expense of other countries. At the same time, other countries tended to put their own economic interests first -even if they were members of the League. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was attended by 61 member nations, and 5 non-members, including both the USA and the USSR. France again unsuccessfully attempted to give the League its own army. The main problem, however, was over disarmament and Germany's insistence on equality of treatment. In 1932, German delegates walked out of the Conference, and said they would not return until they had been granted equality of treatment. After Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933, Germany left the Conference for good. In October, Hitler took Germany out of the League. By this stage, all the powers knew that Hitler was secretly rearming Germany already. They also began to rebuild their own armaments; in part, it was seen as a way of reducing unemployment and stopping industrial decline. Against that background the Disarmament Conference struggled on for another year but in an atmosphere of increasing futility. It finally ended in 1934. Therefore it can be concluded that the League of Nations had to face a lot of challenges in the 1930's but its main role was to overcome these challenges and resolve issues. The League was not able to keep up with the international pressure it was surrounded by which led to it's intimidate failure. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Explain why the League of Nations failed to deal successfully with the Japanese invasion ...

    Britain felt that it needed to keep up good relations with Japan. But, after the resigning if Japan, the league was powerless and was crippling economically as Japan traded with USA and brought a lot of money into the League.

  2. Why did the League of Nations fail to keep peace in the 1930's?

    In February 1932 the long-promised Disarmament Conference finally got under way. By July 1932 it had produced a resolutions to limit the size of artillery, limit the tonnage of tanks, prohibit chemical warfare and prohibit bombing of civilian. They knew what was needed to be done, however they didn't know how to go about doing so.

  1. How successful was Bismarckas Chancellor in his foreign policies between 1871-1890?

    dangerous as it made very likely the possibility of Russia getting closer to France to an eventual alliance, and that was a risk Bismarck did not want to take. What could he do in order to avoid that possibility? Bismarck's solution was to make a secret agreement with Russia -

  2. ATHENS & THE DELIAN LEAGUE

    with the decree...he is to lose his civic rights, and his property is to be confiscated and a tenth given to [Athene]'. Although this change of currency made trade easier, it is symbolic of the allies continuing loss of freedom.

  1. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    as they were all the way around the other side of the world. The Chinese and Japanese were also at least in the same stage of technology where as the Italians were very much more advanced than the Abyssinians. The Abyssinians basically had spears and bows against the Italians planes and machine guns.

  2. Why the League of Nations Failed?

    in Stresa, a town on the banks of Lake Maggiore in Italy, between French foreign minister Pierre Laval, British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald, and Italian leader Benito Mussolini on April 14, 1935. The signatories agreed to resist any future attempt by the Germans to change the Treaty of Versailles.

  1. The failures of Gallipoli

    The equipment used was not very advanced. Soldiers made homemade bombs to throw at the enemy and sometimes they exploded in the soldier's face. Britain did not send proper sweepers to sweep the mines out of the Dardanelles and due to this quite a lot of ships were blown up, taking a lot of troops with them.

  2. The League of Nations: Its achievements and its failures

    By the 7th of September, it had passed its judgment: It condemned Mussolini?s actions, and also suggested Greece pay compensation but that the money should be paid to League which would hold it until Tellini?s murderers were found. In the eventuality where they were found, the League would pass it on to Italy.Officially, Mussolini accepted the verdict.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work