• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

League of Nations -aims, achievements and weaknesses.

Extracts from this document...


History Homework 9/5/11 By Benjamin Bloch a) The main aims of the League of Nations were to maintain peace, to encourage security for all nations, to improve living and working conditions worldwide, to encourage disarmament and to encourage international cooperation, especially in trade. b) The structure of the League of Nations weakened it in many ways. First of all, the League took a lot of time to take action. The fact that all decisions had to be unanimous very much slowed down the process of making the decision and putting into effect the consequent action (if required). Not all countries were members. Powerful and influential countries such as the USA were never in the League, resulting in the League lacking vital support from a very powerful nation. The system of voting rights was also slow. The fact that every country had equal voting rights made important decisions hard to make when nations disagreed with each other. ...read more.


Another peacefully resolved conflict was that of Upper Silesia in 1921. The League of Nations helped organize a plebiscite (a referendum) to determine whether Upper Silesia should belong to Poland or Germany. Seven hundred thousand people voted to belong to Germany and five hundred thousand people voted to belong to Poland. Both countries accepted the decision organized by the League of Nations. The League also had many humanitarian organizations working successfully to abolish slavery, improve working conditions, help refugees to get home and cure serious diseases. These instances were all successes, but there were many more failures. In 1932, Japan invaded Manchuria, which was part of China, for the resources, needed due to economic depression. China then appealed to the League of Nations for help. It took a year, until February 1933, to file a report and for a decision to be made. The most the League could do was condemn Japan. Trade restrictions were ineffective as Japan could just trade with the USA. ...read more.


Another time, when Italy invaded Abyssinia in October 1935. The League imposed sanctions on Italy, but as none of these included oil, Italy could sufficiently run. America even sent more oil to Italy. This was a catastrophe for the League. Generally, the League of Nations was more of a failure than a success. The League lacked many important factors, such as the support of the USA and an army of it's own. Their decision making processes were slow, and when a decision was made, they had little to no means of punishing a country or putting into effect a decision. This resulted in many failures. However, when the system went as it should, the outcome was as intended, as in the Aaland Islands. The League also had many committees that solved many problems such as slavery and diseases. The League of Nations was therefore a success in issues less directly linked to specific countries, but when involved in specific disputes, the League lacked the power to make a significant difference. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    Also Germany were not allowed to have an air force. Both these points meant that Germany were very vulnerable to attack. This helped the allies as they knew that Germany would not be able to launch a successful attack on a country.

  2. The failure of the League of Nations

    Britain and France did not take the situation seriously and did not want to upset Mussolini, as he seemed to their strongest ally against Hitler. Eventually Italy was given a moral sanction as everyone thought that they had done wrong.

  1. Was the league of nations a complete failure?

    One of the most undermining events of the crisis was the Hoare-Laval Pact; both British and French foreign ministers had created a plan which they believed would end the fighting. This involved dividing Abyssinia and giving the best areas of land to Italy and the rocky, mountainous areas to Abyssinia,


    A turning point in the progression of the league occurred in 468 BC at the Battle of Eurymedon. The coast of Caria was still under Persian control and Cimon was determined to clear the area entirely. The battle was fought on both land and sea and both times the Athenians claimed victory.

  1. Account for the successes and failures of the League of Nations.

    In October of 1932 the Lytton Commission recommended that the Japanese should leave Manchuria and it should continue as a semi-independent country instead of returning to China. The League approved the Commissions recommendation, but by 1933 Japan left the League and went on to occupy the Chinese province of Jehol.

  2. Discuss the strengths and the weaknesses of the League of Nations and explain whether ...

    people of their nations shows how they had developed a good starting block. The objectives of the League were all very peaceful and so for a nation to become a member emphasized their commitment to peace and also reassured the public that their nation was not interested in fighting wars,

  1. The League of Nations

    He did not believe that the war should end in a new balance of power, but rather in an organized common peace. In other words, he wanted "peace without victory". His biggest step towards this ultimate goal was the Treaty of Versailles containing fourteen points, of which the fourteenth consisted of a League of Nations to settle international disputes.

  2. The League of Nations: Its achievements and its failures

    It appointed an Italian general named Tellini to supervise this border. On the 27th of August while he was surveying the Greek side of the border, his team was ambushed and killed. Benito Mussolini, the Italian leader, was furious. He blamed the Greeks, seeing as Tellini was on the Greek

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work