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Life Did Get Better For Many Americans In the 1930’S – To What Extent Was This Due To Roosevelt’S New Deal?

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Introduction

Life Did Get Better for Many Americans in the 1930's - to What Extent Was This Due to Roosevelt's New Deal? The New deal was put into place in 1933; it was a government scheme to create jobs, by spending money on work schemes such as building roads and dams, and also to help the unemployed and poor. The scheme was based on the idea that once people were earning wages, they would begin to buy goods, businesses would begin to revive, they would then employ workers, theses workers in turn would earn money and therefore spending it in the economy, and so on. Thus meaning that the downward spiral caused by the depression would be changed into an upwards spiral, boosting the lives of U.S. citizens. The New Deal helped many American's; the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA) provided $500 million in benefits to the poor and the unemployed. Another scheme, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) helped the economy revive in two ways, it employed young men and some women between the ages of 18 - 25. The money they earned helped to revive the economy when they re-invested in it, as well as this, the work they did helped the agricultural market, since it included things such as planting trees to stop soil erosion. ...read more.

Middle

Still, despite this there were many limitations to the New deal, which refrained the lives of many American's from getting better. Despite authorities such as the CCC, TVA and WPA helping in getting American's back to work unemployment still remained high and women and black workers were not given as fair a chance as white male workers. This was mainly due to the fact that the majority of black workers were neither skilled nor unionised, so the policies of the New Deal did not affect them very much, though the black workers it did affect, it mainly did so in a negative way. For example when crops were destroyed through the AAA the compensation given only reached the people at the top - the land owners, the workers - mainly blacks lost their jobs in exchange, since the less crops there were the less work their was to be done. 20, 000 blacks lost their jobs due to taking land out of production. Also black people, and women were still paid less than men, even if they did the same job as men. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many workers employed by the New Deals own organisations were laid off, this cut in spending triggered cuts throughout the economy, and the downward spiral in the economy began once again. This recession meant that Roosevelt was badly affected, in the1937 congressional elections the Republicans did well, this meant that it became much harder for Roosevelt to push his reforms through congress. Still, Roosevelt was still popular with ordinary elections, he was re-elected with a big majority in 1940, but now America's attention became focused on the outbreak of war in Europe. The war helped to improve people's lives and the economy through providing jobs to a large majority of American's, men to fight in the war and women to work in factories making ammunition, this helped greatly to reduce unemployment and revive the economy For those people whose lives did change in the majority of the 1930's it was due to the New Deal, although the new Deal did not help everybody. Still it was not the only factor contributing to the improved living standards, the war played an important role in improving the economy and the lives of US citizens towards the late 1930's, and in the early 1940's. ...read more.

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