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Life did get better for many Americans in the 1930s. How far was Roosevelt responsible for this or was it due to other factors?

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Introduction

3. Life did get better for many Americans in the 1930s. How far was Roosevelt responsible for this or was it due to other factors? In ways Roosevelt was responsible for this but in some ways the other factors were responsible. There are two sides tot his argument as many historians have found out. Life got a great of a deal better for Americans in the 1930s, some say that Roosevelt was responsible as he contributed a great deal of making life better for many Americans during the 1930s in several ways, in the first hundred days of his presidency, Roosevelt worked around the clock with his advisers who were known as the "brains trust" to produce a huge amount of measures. From day one he went straight to action. One problem affecting the USA was its lack of confidence in banks. Roosevelt immediately tackled this problem. He did this by ordering all of the banks to close and remain closed until they had been checked out by government officials. A few days' later 5000 banks were reopened. Roosevelt's advisors had come up with a set of rules which would prevent the reckless speculation that had contributed to the Wall Street crash. There were two measures by this time called the emergency banking act and the securities exchange commission, these gave the American people a first look of what the new deal was going to look like this helped Roosevelt as he could show people his measures and see if they agreed with him. ...read more.

Middle

forestry or cleaning up rivers. All the money earned generally went back to the men's families. Around 2.5 million young men were helped out by this scheme. Another act was the AAA (the agricultural adjustment administration) this tried to take a long-term view of the problems farmers were facing. It set quotes to decrease farm production so that it could force prices upwards. The AAA helped farmers to modernize and to use methods that would protect the soil. Farmers could also receive help with there mortgages if needed. The AAA rely did help farmers. Roosevelt was responsible for this as he had set it up and helped out farmers. The NIRA (the national industrial recovery act) set up two important organizations. The whole point of this was to improve Americans industry. These were, the public works administration, in simple words, this provided employment. It used government money to build schools, dams, roads, and airports. These would be important when the USA had recovered and also brought about a huge amount of jobs (employment) this made Roosevelt responsible as he was the one who had set it all up. The second organization was the national recovery administration which improved working conditions in industry and outlawed child labor. Also it set out fair wages and sensible levels of production. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall to conclude, Roosevelt did make life better for many Americans with the 'New Deal'. He managed to help unemployment and gain back people's confidence in the economy and the government during his time as president. But, other factors such as 'The Second World War' certainly helped to make this happen. Also, many of the policies that were successful came at a cost. For example, when Government spending increased, raising taxes funded this. So, the wealthier citizens were expected to pay more tax to enable poorer citizens to get a job. This made Roosevelt unpopular with a lot of rich people because they lost more money in taxes when he was President. Another criticism was the fact that many of the jobs created were not in fact real, permanent jobs and people were being paid for leaf raking and tree felling. Although farmers had received help from the government, farm incomes remained low and the problems had not been resolved. This shows there are two sides to the argument and that you can't quite tell who was responsible. In my opinion I would say Roosevelt was, as he done the most out of them all even though he would not be able to do anything without government money he still brought about his own measures and thought of the New Deal. This is only my opinion. Many historians might disagree. ...read more.

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