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Life In Nazi Germany.

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Introduction

LIFE IN NAZI GERMANY Curing Depression/Economy/Employment: Germany's economy was in a state of severe depression when Hitler was elected Chancellor in January 1933. Hitler and his Nazi party propaganda had played on the population's fear of a lack of recovery; they had support from both the unemployed and the middle classes. Unemployment peaked at 6 million during the final days of the Weimar Republic - almost 50% of the nation's working population. Now Hitler pronounced that as much of the population as possible should work in Nazi Germany, and he constantly played on the economic miracle Nazi Germany would manage to achieve if all Germans united to this aim. A number of policies were introduced which caused the unemployment figures to drop: * Women were no longer included in the statistics so any women who remained out of work under the Nazi's rule did not exist as far as the statistics were concerned. * The unemployed were given a very simple choice: to do the work that was given to them by the government, or be classed as "work-shy" and be put in a concentration camp (where they were bullied or murdered). * Jews lost their citizenship in 1935 and as a result were not included in unemployment figures even though many lost their employment at the start of Hitler's time in power. ...read more.

Middle

Children were used to control their parents by being encouraged to report what they did and said. Hitler realised that older people would be less enthusiastic about his ideas, so he made every effort to win the minds of the next generation. Youth/Education: This was an important area of control for the Nazis. They closely controlled what children learned at school - they were aiming to produce the next generation of Nazis. Many teachers were already nationalistic and accepted that they should teach Nazi ideas. Any that disagreed were sacked from their position. 97% of teachers joined the Nazi Teachers' Association. The Nazi Curriculum The minds and bodies of young people were to be shaped to become Nazis. They did this by teaching certain subjects. The three most important were: * Physical education was given 15% of school time, and some sports such as boxing became compulsory. This was in order to make boys fit for the SS or the army, and to make girls fit for having large families. Pupils had to pass an exam, and unsatisfactory performance could lead to expulsion. * History - this concentrated on the rise of the Nazis, the injustices of Versailles and the evils of Communism and Judaism. History was important tot promote nationalism; Anti-Nazi books were burnt so Nazis printed their own pro-German books. ...read more.

Conclusion

Jews were allowed out in the morning to work, but had to return before a curfew in the evening. In 1941 Hitler invaded the USSR, where there were millions more Jews. Death Squads, "Einsatzgruppen", were set up to shoot Jews at will. Finally the Nazis decided in January 1942 to set up Extermination Camps. This became known as the Final Solution. They intended to murder all of the Jews in Europe: Altogether at least 6,000,000 Jews were killed by the Nazis, along with more than 1,000,000 gypsies and 4,000,000 Soviet prisoners of war. Many Germans were unaware of what was happening. Extermination Camps like Auschwitz and Treblinka were built outside of Germany. The true story was only discovered when the Allies advanced across Europe in 1945. Many prisoners of war and Jews were worked to death in Concentration Camps, such as Belsen and Dachau in Germany. These were certainly known about and many German businesses used Jewish workers in their factories. the evidence given at the trials of the camp commandants was horrific. Rudolf Hoess, the commandant of Auschwitz, described how he tried to find the most efficient poison gas to kill the inmates of his camp, whom he thought were nothing better than vermin. Survivors described how the fittest inmates were allowed to live to be used as slave labour. The old, sick and young were all murdered. Altogether between 6,000,000 and 12,000,000 people died. This mass murder has become known as the Holocaust. By Philip Ware 3B 1 ...read more.

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