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Life of Oliver Cromwell

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Oliver Cromwell By Joe.p A biography Oliver Cromwelll was born 25th April 1599, In Huntingdon, to a wealthy and influential family. He had seven sisters. Cromwell was Protestant, this is one of the many reasons for which he became a great power. His faith in God would later prove to be his greatest strength, but also his greatest downfall. He went to Sidney Sussex College and Cambridge University, which then drove him on to be MP of Huntingdon in 1628 and MP of Cambridge in 1640. However, he wasn't a noticeable character in Parliament, and made little effect..... this was until the trauma that shook Britain in 1642. During the reign of Charles 1st, the king was bitterly opposed. This was partly due to laws passed down without Parliamentary consent, such as the levying of taxes. However, it was mainly because Charles' opposition of the English Church. Leading him to marry a Catholic woman and favour Catholic followers and countries. Forming a rivalry between the Scottish and English Parliaments, with Charles 1st , that can be liked to later crisis's like The Battle Of The Boyne, and the fighting between Britain and Ireland. Both the Parliaments formed a group called the Parliamentarians. Charles's men were called Royalists, and were firm believers of the king. In 1642. The English Civil war began. ...read more.


Many inhabitants fled to St. Peter's church. But even with the 'orders' they were all slaughtered. It cannot be said at first glance that Cromwell broke any warfare laws. As Aston rejected the surrender, Cromwell had the free will to slaughter the garrisons. However, Cromwell speculated that over 3,000 were killed. One of the main reasons the raid was so controversial is because this kind of slaughter had never been seen before on such a large scale. Not only that but Cromwell said that 1,000 of the deaths took place in St. Peter's Church. This was one the site inhabitants took refugee. Obviously conveying that a vast majority of the deaths were not of the garrisons but the civilians. To make matters worst, by eye witnesses it had seemed as if Aston and his troops had laid down their weapons in surrender, just before the raid took place. This is vital evidence, conveying Cromwell slaughtering the civilians and garrisons of the town, in a way breaking warfare laws!! Only a few days after Drogheda, Cromwell besieged Wexford. After a week of fierce fighting both sides were square. Cromwell decided to make peace with Wexford. Meanwhile, during peace talks confusion broke out between the ranks and like in Drogheda, the civilians were massacred, deaths added up to 2,500. The greatest victory of the campaign was in Cork ,a major city. ...read more.


This cold blooded murder is one of the few cases in history that have as much effect on humans now as it did hundreds of years ago. That is why Cromwell is significant in ours and other's history. However, Cromwell did say that the massacre of Drogheda was aimed at the garrisons, not the civilians. But to see such an event twice ( Wexford and Drogheda) Backs up the fact that the massacre was not an accident, but a deliberate attempt of murder! But the major achievement in Cromwell's life is what all the battles he fought, all the deaths he's commanded, and pretty much everything he's ever done have lead to; The Commonwealth of England. To unite three countries that have been at each other's throats ever since they laid their eyes on each other is incredible. This seems even harder when you consider that both England and Ireland both had different churches. Meanwhile the main reason why Cromwell is so significant in history is not because of what he did, but what happened because of him. Cromwell's effects can be seen in the Battle of The Boyne, which once again was a battle between the Catholics and the Protestants. ( Much like that of Cromwell's Irish campaign.)Cromwell was also one of the few people that actually created the great rivalry between Ireland and England due to what happened at Drogheda and Wexford. The effects of this can be linked to modern day crisis's like Bloody Sunday and The IRA. By Joe.p ...read more.

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