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Live Simply That Others May Simply Live

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Introduction

Live Simply That Others May Simply Live Mahatma Gandhi born 2nd October 1869 in India Porbander or the White City his father Karamchand Gandhi was the prime minister of several local Indian princes at this time his mother was Putlibai his fathers 4th wie. Gandhi was set to take over his fathers position in state. He spent his youth in awe of his father but very much devoted to his mother. He grew up in an extended family. He attended private school, from the age of 7. He was always one for playing jokes during his youth although he did hold a high endurance for the truth. He was engaged to his future wife from the age of 7 and this angered him as an adult although he did have a happy marriage Gandhi is quoted as saying at the time of his young marriage that he had no difficulty assuming the role of Husband and immediately took control of his young wife. He was married at the early age of 13 to Kasturbai. Their marriage lasted 62 years. He had taken a year out of school for this marriage to commence but soon went back after the wedding. Kasturbai was married in 1882 to Gandhi and it is thought that the beginning of their marriage was not a happy one with Gandhi's overbearing attitude. ...read more.

Middle

Gandhi was fast becoming a "Religio-political celebrity a crusader against injustice and the modern world. Gandhi's protest became known as "Satyagraha" which means -truth force - or the refusal to obey unjust authority. It was in 1906 that Gandhi's theory was put into practice as the Transvaal government made plans to register every Indian over the age of 9. On September 8th 1906 Gandhi asked the whole community to take a vow of disobedience warning first of torture killing and imprisonment for the actions he was asking them to conform to. The law was put into place in the July of the following year. The resolve of the Indian population was soon proven. Gandhi was among the first to be imprisoned and he was sentenced for 2 months. After his release his campaign continued. A compromise put forward by Smuts the Prime minister of Transvaal Government feel apart when he broke his word to Gandhi. Indians burnt their i.d. cards and crossed borders without passes and were sent to prison in large numbers. Gandhi was sent back to prison upon his release he set on to continue the resistance for as long as was necessary. Smuts gained a lot of respect for Gandhi but was still insistent on demoting Indians to 2nd class citizens. The final struggle came in 1913 when non-Christian marriages were made illegal causing all Indian wifes to be mistresses and all Indian children to be bastards. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sensing the leaders need for power Gandhi mainly distanced himself from the negotiations, although he did declare his views of the anti-vivisection of India. As the distinctions between Hindu and Muslim religions became more apparent and killings began in retaliation on both sides within Calcutta and when they ceased it was seen as mainly to do with Gandhi's efforts by even Gandhi critics. Ghandi was also saluted on 15th August 1947 as the architect of Indian independence and as the father of the nation but he was no where to be found in the country's capital. Gandhi's final years were seen in many aspects as his finest. His final months were spent in Delhi where violence was escalating between religions. It was due to this violence that Gandhi entered the final fast of his life and it was only ended when all communities signed a statement agreeing to live in 'perfect amity'. A few days after the signing a bomb exploded in Gandhi's home during evening prayers. Although it caused no injuries it was felt Gandhi should have extra security but he quite characteristically refused. Then on January 30th 1948 when Gandhi was walking through his garden to commence evening prayer Gandhi was shot 3 times and before dying he blessed his assassin. His watch, which hung round his neck, fell to the floor stopping at 5:12 the exact time of Gandhi's death. Gandhi believed in a simple lifestyle thought by many as an almost saintly approach to life and sought mutual respect for all people no matter of religion class or caste. ...read more.

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