• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Long and short-term causes contributed to the March 1917 Revolution.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question Two Explain how long and short-term causes contributed to the March 1917 Revolution. (10 Marks) Answer Two Firstly, a long-term cause is a factor that started well before the final event. It may well go back hundreds of years and has been mounting up over the years, usually getting worse instead of better. A short-term cause is one which is a recent factor contributing to the final event. Sometimes ten years or even a couple of days, depending on the circumstances. In this case, a long-term cause could have begun any time and then up to around 1914. A short-term cause follows on from that date, around three years before the revolution. I chose 1914 as the cut off point because August of that year was when WWI began, and this made many more factors increasingly important. There is also another category, 'Trigger'; this is an event immediately before the Revolution, which is like the last straw, when no one can take anymore or when one last bad decision is made. Out of the categories... > Social Structure > and economic hardship > Romanov misrule > Opposition Groups > Influence of Rasputin > World War One Which contributed to the March 1917 Revolution, the long-term causes are as follows. ...read more.

Middle

There were serfs who did all the manual labour for the capitalists, and got next-to-nothing for a long day of work. The capitalists were known to be shot by the army, who were mislead by the church. All this happened under the ruling of the Royal Family and some aristocrats. The 80% of the population who were Russian had appalling living and working conditions. The social structure of Russia lead to many revolts by the worker. The aristocracy had vast estates and lead elegant lifestyles. There was such a large gap between the two. Ninety-four percent of the population of Russia had no say in the government! The fact that Russia is an autocracy means that the Tsar only called the Duma when he wanted, most of the time the decisions were left up to him and his incompetent advisors. Because of this, there was no freedom of speech or press, and the Cossacks and the Okhrana (secret police) enforced this. The social structure had been a problem to the millions of Russians for generations and they realised that things could be better for them if there was reform. The economic hardship in Russia also began hundreds of years ago and was bad because of the social structure, and thus, a long-term cause. ...read more.

Conclusion

The country suffered greatly from the economic effects of the war. I think that the trigger to the beginning of the revolution was World War One, it influenced all other factors and the revolution happened during it. As you can see, many factors contributed to the fall of the Tsar and the start of the Revolution in March 1917. As historians, we cannot guess and say that without one factor the revolution would or would not have happened. The causes continued to mount up, and in Russia's case, it was only a matter of time or events that determined when the revolution would occur. It was not any individual reason that triggered the revolution but a bit of all of them. They are all linked in one way or another but all of them stemmed from the original autocratic Romanov house. This isn't to say that Romanov misrule is the main factor but it was the one that contributed the most over time. In my opinion, the long and short-term causes were not all as important as each other but were all contributing factors in one way or another. The Russian Revolution History Coursework July 2001 Camilla Marcus-Dew 10.4(3) Page 4 of 4 The Russian Revolution History Coursework July 2001 Camilla Marcus-Dew 10.4(3) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    However, the workers had no choice but to keep working in those appalling conditions for it was better than being jobless. Instead of trying to improve the conditions, the government made the matters worse by its own policies. Feeling the need of development of industries, the government invested an enormous amount of money in improving Russia's industries.

  2. "Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905 but not that of March ...

    In the next months, civil unrest spread through Russia and the situation was getting out of hand for the Tsar, he had two choices; either put down the uprising with force which would therefore created a massive bloodshed or he could give in and make concessions.

  1. Free essay

    Why did the March 1917 Revolution Happen?

    Along with the shortage, the prices of good were rising continually, but wages were hardly going up at all.

  2. Cause of the March Revolution 1917

    However they had a lack of real power. They couldn't pass an actual law without the agreement of the Tsar. The Tsar could dissolve anything that he wanted so anything he didn't like didn't get passed. So the country just stayed as it was basically.

  1. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    Lenin, in disguise, fled to Finland. Kerensky used troops to crush the rebellion and took over the Government. The Provisional Government had failed, one less competitor for the Bolsheviks. The upper and middle classes now wanted Kerensky to restore order, but the real power was with the soviets.

  2. Russian Revolution in March 1917.

    Alexandra was able to do more or less what she wanted. She used her power to dismiss ministers who displeased her and replace them with men whom she, and Rasputin, favoured. With ministers coming and going the work of the government ground to a halt.

  1. In this essay I am going to asses the impact that Stalin had on ...

    and shot, deported or sent to labour camps. Sometimes whole villages were deported as lessons to others. 'Dekulakisation' was central to the collectivisation process. However even where Kulaks did not exist the Communists still insisted that they had to be found and cleaned out.

  2. Explain how long and short-term causes contributed to the March 1917 Revolution

    They worked with the most basic tools. Half the farming land belonged to 300,000 landowners but the other half was shared with 15 million peasant families. In the cities and countryside the government and bureaucrats and secret police appeared to be in control, but underneath Russia was seething with discontent.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work