• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Long and short term reasons for the rise of Hitler.

Extracts from this document...


Long and short term reasons for the rise of Hitler There are many reasons why Hitler came to power on the 30th January 1937. He came to power legally after he had vowed to do so when he was in prison. The long-term reasons need to be identified. Below is a list of long-term reasons. The treaty of Versailles Weimar republic Economic difficulties after the Germans had lost the war The Munich Putsch, Hitler had vowed to become leader legally so no one could contest his power. The rich peoples fear of communism, which led to Support of the rich. There are also trigger cause which need t be identified. These are listed below Wall street crash Propaganda and Terror Death of Straesmann Political scheming by business people Hitler's own personality The first reason I am going to outline is the treaty of Versailles. I will explain why the German people hated it so much and how it helped Hitler. The terms of the treaty of Versailles were as follows. Germany had to agree that it was responsible for starting the war. The Germans hated this because they believed that they were not the only culprits. The German army worried all the allies especially France so the treaty cut it down to a level way before pre war levels. ...read more.


The republic also passed article 48 which stated that if the chancellor felt that it was an emergency he could rule without parliament. Hitler used this and said that Germany was on the edge of collapse and everything was an emergency. This also shows that the people had no confidence in the Republic or parliament. The Weimar republic was a fledgling democracy, which didn't have a chance. It was coping fairly well as Germany was doing fairly well. Germany had just lost the war so it had everything against it. The Wall Street Crash crippled Germany because they had borrowed 800 million gold marks. After the Wall Street crash the Americans wanted their money back. There were 6 million people unemployed in Germany. To see how little chance the Weimar republic had I am going to show how the Wall Street Crash affected Britain, which had had a democracy for 300 years. There were 3 million people unemployed and the government had to become National with all the parties ruling together. Extremist parties gained some support but there was never really a threat of Britain ending up like Germany. The third reason I am going to outline is the fear of communism in Germany. In 1919, just after the end of the war communism was popular in Germany because people had no money. ...read more.


Hitler then flew around Germany speaking at huge rallies. He also elected a minister of propaganda, Goerbles, who further promoted the Nazi message. He was able to fly around the country because he had the backing of the rich. Terror is another part of propaganda. Terror could only really be used from the 1930s onwards. It did have some effect, but never as much as propaganda. People did vote for Hitler because they were frightened of him and his SA. Hitler would also change the message he was broadcasting if it looked like he was losing support because of the message. A different reason for Hitler's rise to power was Political scheming. The chancellor, Von Papen couldn't control parliament, they didn't want him as chancellor. Therefore he kept asking the president for article 48 to be passed to allow him to rule without parliament. Schliker advised the president to get rid of Von Papen because he didn't have parliaments support. Schliker was then promoted to chancellor but parliament didn't like him either, so he kept asking for article 48. The president now got rid of Schliker just as he had advised the president to do0 to Von Papen. The only alternative left was Hitler. The first thing he did when he was elected as chancellor, was to declare that Germany was on the edge of collapse and that everything was an emergency. Parliament was never called again. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Free essay

    What were the long terms and short term causes of Hitlers rise to power?

    Hitler had promised every community (except Jews and communists) and class something. He needed everyone's votes to get to power and destroy the government. Hitler had promised the working class with jobs during the Great Depression. The middle class were hit very hard by the depression and needed to get back all the money they lost in their savings and investments.

  2. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    The effects were felt everywhere but Germany was hit particularly hard since American banks recalled the loans which were the lifeblood of German industry. The depression affected everyone in Germany. Businessmen in Germany saw their businesses close or at least their income fall.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    In other words, they required a much more radical change than that made since the Kaiser had left. In January 1919, the Spartacists (an old name for the KPD), led by Karl Liebnecht and Rosa Luxembourg, attempted to overthrow the government and establish a worker's republic by means of an armed uprising in Berlin, Germany's capital.

  2. adolf hitler

    than the NSDAP were illegal, and by the end of 1933 over 150,000 political prisoners were in concentration camps. Hitler was aware that people have a great fear of the unknown, and if prisoners were released, they were warned that if they told anyone of their experiences they would be sent back to the camp.

  1. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    It was the economic crisis of 1930-33 "which turned the Nazi party into a mass party of protest". The political and economic consequences go a long way in explaining Hitler's rise to power. 1. Economic consequences 1929-30 unemployment rose above 2 million.

  2. Long term causes like the economic depression 1929-1933, and the failure of the Weimar ...

    However, he was saved when the German industrial workers went on strike for four days, which brought the capital to a halt with no transport, power or water. After a few days Kapp realised he could not succeed and left the country.

  1. How did Germany rise from bankruptcyto superpower between 1929-1939.

    The Nazis also wanted self sufficiency but to achieve this they would have to take over foreign countries. The Nazi government aimed to abolish the Treaty of Versailles and had also proposed to take over Eastern Europe. In the general election of September 1930, the Nazis won 6.5 million votes,

  2. Death of Weimar, Rise of Hitler - Using your own knowledge and the evidence ...

    This proves that the Weimar was dead by the 1930's and that only through the abuse of Article 48 did, by name only, Bruning survive as chancellor. A thesis accepted in source 1, "... only survived by repeated dissolutions of the Reichstag" and in source D "since September 1930 every

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work