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Long and short term reasons for the rise of Hitler.

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Introduction

Long and short term reasons for the rise of Hitler There are many reasons why Hitler came to power on the 30th January 1937. He came to power legally after he had vowed to do so when he was in prison. The long-term reasons need to be identified. Below is a list of long-term reasons. The treaty of Versailles Weimar republic Economic difficulties after the Germans had lost the war The Munich Putsch, Hitler had vowed to become leader legally so no one could contest his power. The rich peoples fear of communism, which led to Support of the rich. There are also trigger cause which need t be identified. These are listed below Wall street crash Propaganda and Terror Death of Straesmann Political scheming by business people Hitler's own personality The first reason I am going to outline is the treaty of Versailles. I will explain why the German people hated it so much and how it helped Hitler. The terms of the treaty of Versailles were as follows. Germany had to agree that it was responsible for starting the war. The Germans hated this because they believed that they were not the only culprits. The German army worried all the allies especially France so the treaty cut it down to a level way before pre war levels. ...read more.

Middle

The republic also passed article 48 which stated that if the chancellor felt that it was an emergency he could rule without parliament. Hitler used this and said that Germany was on the edge of collapse and everything was an emergency. This also shows that the people had no confidence in the Republic or parliament. The Weimar republic was a fledgling democracy, which didn't have a chance. It was coping fairly well as Germany was doing fairly well. Germany had just lost the war so it had everything against it. The Wall Street Crash crippled Germany because they had borrowed 800 million gold marks. After the Wall Street crash the Americans wanted their money back. There were 6 million people unemployed in Germany. To see how little chance the Weimar republic had I am going to show how the Wall Street Crash affected Britain, which had had a democracy for 300 years. There were 3 million people unemployed and the government had to become National with all the parties ruling together. Extremist parties gained some support but there was never really a threat of Britain ending up like Germany. The third reason I am going to outline is the fear of communism in Germany. In 1919, just after the end of the war communism was popular in Germany because people had no money. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler then flew around Germany speaking at huge rallies. He also elected a minister of propaganda, Goerbles, who further promoted the Nazi message. He was able to fly around the country because he had the backing of the rich. Terror is another part of propaganda. Terror could only really be used from the 1930s onwards. It did have some effect, but never as much as propaganda. People did vote for Hitler because they were frightened of him and his SA. Hitler would also change the message he was broadcasting if it looked like he was losing support because of the message. A different reason for Hitler's rise to power was Political scheming. The chancellor, Von Papen couldn't control parliament, they didn't want him as chancellor. Therefore he kept asking the president for article 48 to be passed to allow him to rule without parliament. Schliker advised the president to get rid of Von Papen because he didn't have parliaments support. Schliker was then promoted to chancellor but parliament didn't like him either, so he kept asking for article 48. The president now got rid of Schliker just as he had advised the president to do0 to Von Papen. The only alternative left was Hitler. The first thing he did when he was elected as chancellor, was to declare that Germany was on the edge of collapse and that everything was an emergency. Parliament was never called again. ...read more.

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