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Malcolm X essay

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Introduction

Malcolm X (May 19, 1925 - Feb. 21, 1965), black leader, was born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, the son of Earl Little, a Baptist minister and organizer for Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association, and Louise Little. When his mother was pregnant with him, Ku Klux Klan riders, brandishing shotguns and rifles, galloped up to the family home looking for his father. In 1929 the family moved to East Lansing, Mich., where the Reverend Little was subjected to threats from a local white group known as the Black Legion, who objected to his desire to start a store and to the Garvey philosophy that he advocated. In 1929 local racists burned down the Little home, forcing the family to move to the outskirts of town. Two years later Malcolm's father was found murdered. Several years later the state welfare agency, over the opposition of Louise Little, placed her children in state institutions and boarding homes because of the family's destitution. She subsequently suffered a mental breakdown, and the court placed her in the state mental hospital at Kalamazoo, where she remained for the next twenty-six years. The mistreatment of his parents, especially his mother, became a source to Malcolm Little. ...read more.

Middle

As early as 1961, Malcolm had heard rumors that officials surrounding Muhammad were highly critical of him claiming that he was taking credit for Muhammad's work and trying to take over the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X privately had grown dissatisfied with the Muslim policy of "general nonengagement" from active involvement in confronting racism. Rumors of Elijah Muhammad's sexual involvement with his secretaries. On Mar. 12, 1964, he announced that "internal differences within the Nation of Islam" forced him to leave the movement. He still, however, believed that Elijah Muhammad's nationalistic analysis of the racial problem was the "most realistic" one. After this break with Muhammad, Malcolm sought to internationalize the Afro-American freedom struggle. He announced the formation of the Muslim Mosque, Incorporated. In April 1964 he left for Mecca. During the summer of 1964, Malcolm returned to Africa and was accorded observer status at the heads of states summit conference of the OAU. In his presentation to the conference he asserted that an identity of interest existed between Afro-Americans and African peoples and that each should aid the other's struggle against colonialism and racism. The conference passed a resolution deploring racism in the United States. After returning to the United States, Malcolm X continued to seek support for bringing the issue of American racism before the World Court ...read more.

Conclusion

As gunfire continued more than thirty shots were reportedly heard daring witnesses attacked and subdued the assassins. Three men Talmadge Hayer and Black Muslims Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson were eventually convicted of the killing, and it is widely believed the assassins intended to intimidate Malcolm X's followers into remaining within the Black Muslim fold. In the years since his death Malcolm X has come to be recognized as a leading figure in the black struggle for recognition and equality. The autobiography Malcolm X, published the same year as his death, is highly regarded as a moving account of his own experiences with racism, his criminal past, and his years as an activist for both the Black Muslims and his own Afro-American organization. During the remaining years of the 1960s Malcolm X's speeches and comments were collected and published in volumes such as Malcolm X Speaks, Malcolm X on Afro-American History, and Malcolm X and the Negro Revolution. Together with the autobiography, these books offer numerous insights into America's social climate from the mid 1950s to the mid-1960s and articulate the concerns of a significant portion of the black community in those years. Additionally, they serve as an imposing indication of Malcolm X's beliefs, his achievements, and his potential, which like that of President Kennedy, Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., and Senator Robert Kennedy were violently rendered unrealized. ...read more.

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