• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Malcolm X essay

Extracts from this document...


Malcolm X (May 19, 1925 - Feb. 21, 1965), black leader, was born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, the son of Earl Little, a Baptist minister and organizer for Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association, and Louise Little. When his mother was pregnant with him, Ku Klux Klan riders, brandishing shotguns and rifles, galloped up to the family home looking for his father. In 1929 the family moved to East Lansing, Mich., where the Reverend Little was subjected to threats from a local white group known as the Black Legion, who objected to his desire to start a store and to the Garvey philosophy that he advocated. In 1929 local racists burned down the Little home, forcing the family to move to the outskirts of town. Two years later Malcolm's father was found murdered. Several years later the state welfare agency, over the opposition of Louise Little, placed her children in state institutions and boarding homes because of the family's destitution. She subsequently suffered a mental breakdown, and the court placed her in the state mental hospital at Kalamazoo, where she remained for the next twenty-six years. The mistreatment of his parents, especially his mother, became a source to Malcolm Little. ...read more.


As early as 1961, Malcolm had heard rumors that officials surrounding Muhammad were highly critical of him claiming that he was taking credit for Muhammad's work and trying to take over the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X privately had grown dissatisfied with the Muslim policy of "general nonengagement" from active involvement in confronting racism. Rumors of Elijah Muhammad's sexual involvement with his secretaries. On Mar. 12, 1964, he announced that "internal differences within the Nation of Islam" forced him to leave the movement. He still, however, believed that Elijah Muhammad's nationalistic analysis of the racial problem was the "most realistic" one. After this break with Muhammad, Malcolm sought to internationalize the Afro-American freedom struggle. He announced the formation of the Muslim Mosque, Incorporated. In April 1964 he left for Mecca. During the summer of 1964, Malcolm returned to Africa and was accorded observer status at the heads of states summit conference of the OAU. In his presentation to the conference he asserted that an identity of interest existed between Afro-Americans and African peoples and that each should aid the other's struggle against colonialism and racism. The conference passed a resolution deploring racism in the United States. After returning to the United States, Malcolm X continued to seek support for bringing the issue of American racism before the World Court ...read more.


As gunfire continued more than thirty shots were reportedly heard daring witnesses attacked and subdued the assassins. Three men Talmadge Hayer and Black Muslims Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson were eventually convicted of the killing, and it is widely believed the assassins intended to intimidate Malcolm X's followers into remaining within the Black Muslim fold. In the years since his death Malcolm X has come to be recognized as a leading figure in the black struggle for recognition and equality. The autobiography Malcolm X, published the same year as his death, is highly regarded as a moving account of his own experiences with racism, his criminal past, and his years as an activist for both the Black Muslims and his own Afro-American organization. During the remaining years of the 1960s Malcolm X's speeches and comments were collected and published in volumes such as Malcolm X Speaks, Malcolm X on Afro-American History, and Malcolm X and the Negro Revolution. Together with the autobiography, these books offer numerous insights into America's social climate from the mid 1950s to the mid-1960s and articulate the concerns of a significant portion of the black community in those years. Additionally, they serve as an imposing indication of Malcolm X's beliefs, his achievements, and his potential, which like that of President Kennedy, Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., and Senator Robert Kennedy were violently rendered unrealized. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. What impact did Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam have on the civil ...

    X to impact upon the civil rights movement through cooperation with other civil rights leaders, either African-American or Caucasian, was limited until 1964 when he was able to form and organisation that encouraged cooperation between civil rights leaders (the Organisation of Afro-American Unity).

  2. Malcolm X essay project

    From here he went onto prison and learnt about Islam and turned a Muslim. He was famous about the way he lead his life since he went from a thief to a civil rights leader for the black. Malcolm X was also famous for being racist, as in some of

  1. Why is President John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure in history?

    So the source will not be full and accurate assessment of Kennedy's actions and abilities. The source is sympatric to a man who allied Britain. Kennedy was a world leader, the newspaper will only think of the good things Kennedy did.

  2. Martin and Malcolm: Two Voices for Justice

    This was the result of the same black experience of suffering and struggle in America that had defined their faith commitments. Therefore, each of their theologies can be seen as different religious and intellectual responses of blacks to their environment as they searched for meaning in a nation they did

  1. The JFK assassination.

    was stranded in Fort Worth and then, on impulse, had wandered over to the police station to see what was happening. It is also claimed that one of Ruby's principal sources in the DPD, Officer W.J. "Blackie" Harrison, had telephoned Ruby at 9:30 am that morning to let him know

  2. Were The Dropping Of The Atomic Bombs Justified?

    be done with such a powerful device," was taken from Edward McMillan, a physicist working on the Project. The bombs were expensive, about $2000million a piece. At a time when the Allies were suffering from post-air raid cities, still using rations and with government money which could be used elsewhere,

  1. Examine the beliefs of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. Comment on the differences ...

    The words of Gandhi that inspired King in his struggle for freedom without violence were, "Soul-Force is infinitely superior to body-force. If people, in order to secure redress of wrongs, resorted to Soul-Force, much of the present suffering would be avoided.

  2. Choose any TWO stories you have read in Gullick's "Adventures and Encounters" and write ...

    This is because when Clifford narrates his observations of the medicine-men at work, he also commented, "But among a superstitious people hope is never lost" ("Sultan" 100). The word "superstitious" that was used by Clifford, connotes irrationality and the inability of the Malay people to think in a logical way.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work