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Many causes could lead to a revolution. In 1917, there were two distinct Revolutions in Russia. One was the overthrow of the czarist regime (February Revolution) and the other the coup by which the Bolsheviks took power (October Revolution).

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Does a revolution necessarily lead to progress? No, a revolution does not necessarily lead to progress. I believe, though revolution may be an important scenario to progress in some cases, it is not the only scenario which should be considered, with many more other factors and scenarios possibly leading to, directly or indirectly, progress. In some cases, revolutions may lead to progress but progress can still be achieved without a revolution generally. Many causes could lead to a revolution. In 1917, there were two distinct Revolutions in Russia. One was the overthrow of the czarist regime (February Revolution) and the other the coup by which the Bolsheviks took power (October Revolution). The causes of these two revolutions were caused by Russia's political, social, and economic situation. Politically, the people of Russia resented the autocracy of Czar Nicholas II. The losses that the Russians suffered during World War I also weakened Russia's view of Nicholas as he was unable to bring the country to victory. Socially, Russia was behind the rest of Europe in its industry and farming. This then resulted in few opportunities for fair advancement on the part of peasants and industrial workers. Economically, widespread inflation in Russia contributed to the revolution. ...read more.


The Mensheviks envisioned a period of capitalist development and complete political democracy as the essential prerequisite for a socialist order; in the main, they supported continuation of the war. Most of the leading Socialist Revolutionaries, a peasant party with vague socialist aspirations, also advocated continuation of the war. Under the leadership of the moderate majority, the Petrograd Soviet recognized the newly established Provisional Government as the legal authority in Russia. The Provisional Government disbanded the czarist police, repealed all limitations on freedom of opinion, press, and association, and put an end to all laws discriminating against national or religious groups. The Duma, from which it derived, could give no support, for that body was not genuinely representative of the masses. Unable to command, the government could not appeal to a war-weary, impatient people. It did not have real power and was actually like a figurehead. It had a policy of postponing for future determination by a constituent assembly the solution of such pressing problems as economic disorganization, the continued food crisis, industrial reforms, redistribution of land to peasants, and the growth of counterrevolutionary forces. The government, instead, devoted most of its energy to a continuation of the war. ...read more.


Lives were also disrupted by civil war. There were social progress, there was peace because the War with Germany was stopped but that was it. Progress on other aspects like human rights was not evident. Not all the progress the people had hoped for came true. In the Russian October Revolution, we could see progress in its economic and perhaps even in its social aspect though it was lacking on political progress. Yet, we know that revolutions need not necessarily mean that having one would lead to progress as we can see from the Russian's February Revolution. No progress was achieved, economic, politics or social, there was nothing improved even though the people had managed to end the autocracy, their country was still in the same state and remained stagnant with a temporary government which postponed solving the problems and continued the war which actually caused the country more harm than progress. Progress is obtained through many factors, and revolution is a big stepping stone which we actually can do without, though sometimes it proves to be vital. Other factors can also lead to progress, factors like having a government with a good plan for the future or a capable leader. Therefore, I conclude that a revolution does not necessarily lead to progress; it can also lead the country to nowhere. Done By: Anthea(2006) ...read more.

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