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Many people have marked the end of the First World War as the catalyst for the Jewish Holocaust.

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Introduction

Holocaust Assessment Many people have marked the end of the First World War as the catalyst for the Jewish Holocaust. After the War, Germany was left financially crippled due to the extreme money loss from the war and all of its resources. The Treaty of Versailles did not treat Germany well, and made the country pay great amounts of money in reparation. Soon after this, the Great Depression (Wall Street Crash) of October 1929 led to the huge unemployment levels of which over 6 million were victim to during 1930 and 1933. It was a hard time in German history, a time of shame and humiliation of a ruined country after the defeat of a war. Germany was in chaos and crisis, and the German people were looking for a strong political leader in times where there were so many political parties and weak politicians. These weaknesses and vulnerabilities were well exploited and used the advantage of the Nazi party, who had formed between 1919 and 1924. From joining and later becoming the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, he became of figure of authority and formed him own party, the Nazi party. He combined nationalism, anti- capitalism and anti- Semitism into a political ideology that was very popular with people who had suffered from the Depression. ...read more.

Middle

took place over November 8-9. This huge event was another landmark in the elimination and discrimination of the Jews. During Kristallnacht 1000 synagogues were burnt, 300 Jews were killed and 30 000 Jews were rounded up and incarcerated. Quickly the Jews realized that Germany really wasn't a safe place to stay and live so many tried to emigrate. By the end of 1938 120 00 had escaped but it was hard to do so and had to leave many more behind to face what was going to happen. By September 1939 World War Two had began when Germany invaded Poland. When Hitler had designed and constructed a labour camp a huge work program was introduced and Jews who lived in invaded towns were robbed of their possessions, religious morals and dignity. Jews who were forced to go to the work camps rarely came back alive and if they were "lucky" enough to survive they were beaten, starved, kept in appalling conditions and forced to work themselves into illness and disease. "The Jewish Problem" and "Jewish Question" was continually talked about and an office was set up under the direction of Adolf Eichmann- the infamous Bureau IV B 4. The name used for the ultimate killing action was "The Final Solution to the Jewish Question". ...read more.

Conclusion

In the labour camps prisoners were forced to work as many hours as they were given, there was no work maximum here and many people died during work from exhaustion and starvation. If the doctors however said that you were too unhealthy to work (sometimes from the horrendous conditions from the transportation in the cattle trucks that brought them to the concentration camps) then they went immediately to the gas chambers. Before they were killed, they were stripped of all personal belongings that could be somehow made of use. This included suitcases, clothes, shoes, and jewelry, hair and gold teeth. Hair was taken so it could be used as insulation in war submarines. The Jews were then taken and forced into the gas chambers, where Zyklon B gas (it was actually rat poison) was pumped in and they prisoners were executed on mass with ease. It took on average 10 minutes for them to die. When all were lying on the floor and presumed dead they were then taken to be cremated. 6000000 Jews were executed by the end of the Holocaust. At the end of World War Two, 1945, the concentration camps were liberated and by prisoners were set free, those who survived would be mentally and physically scarred for life, but they would have a bone chilling story to tell the Grandchildren in years to come. Laura Keane 11D ...read more.

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