• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15

Martin Luther King.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Chapter II Martin Luther King In 1940s, the Civil Rights Movement appeared as a challenge to end up racial discrimination and segregation as a system that tended to separate blacks from all aspects of life. Though granted their freedom, blacks were still treated as some subordinate species to the white race: they were denied the chance to be promoted in their jobs and most of them suffered from a low income compared with white workers. Blacks had to live in separate neighborhoods under appalling conditions and were "confined to the central city and notably dirty and unpaved slums".1 Martin Luther King (1929-1968) was born in Atlanta Georgia to grow up and become one of the greatest heroes of American history. As a boy, Martin was always taught to respect people and to settle disagreements with love, not hate. Martin's best friend was a white boy whose mother did not allow him to play any longer with Martin who was so astonished and bewildered that he ran to his mother and asked for an explanation. His mother told him that this was because he was black. He became very upset and could not understand how the color of someone's skin could make all the difference. Martin's mother laid him in her lap and said" you must never feel that you are less than anybody else. You must always feel that you are somebody"2. From that time on, Martin never forgot what his mother had told him and grew up determined that he would make the difference. Indeed, Martin Luther King became one of the principle leaders of Civil Rights Movement and the symbol of nonviolent protest in the struggle for racial justice (exemplified in the boycotts and sit-ins that he organized). King's view towards racism symbolized the voice of a generation and of a human being who saw in slavery an end to man's humanity: I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality. ...read more.

Middle

King called that "the madness must cease"; war is not the answer to solving man's problems because violence breeds violence and destruction: Through violence, you may murder the liar, but you cannot murder the lie, nor establish the truth. Through violence, you murder the hater, but you don't murder the hate...Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to the night...Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. In his book Stride towards Freedom, King explained how Christian love and peaceful tactics were the motto of the civil rights movement. Nonviolent tactics, he believed was a moral necessity that helped man establish a sense of the self and to help defeat the white ego by making him feel ashamed of all his misdoings and mistreatment of a fellow human being. Though King urged his people to advocate passive resistance, he abhorred "silence" and called all the nations to awaken from their deep slumber and march on to struggle for a new world, a new reality that would establish man's identity as a fully blooded human being who is endowed with due respect and dignity. Martin believed that it is high time that people should open up their eyes and see the world around them, the world that promised them freedom and equality but gave them nothing but pain and misery. He called all the citizens of America to wipe away their tears and to start believing that "tomorrow is another day" not another yesterday. King demanded that all the blacks and the suppressed break the shackles of silence and raise their voices so that they can be heard calling for their legitimate rights: We must move on...but we must speak. We must speak with all the humility that is appropriate to our limited vision, but we must speak. I have moved to break the betrayal of my own silences and to speak from the burnings of my own heart...17 King's message of breaking the silence through peaceful protests was carried out by almost all negroes all over America. ...read more.

Conclusion

The prize was the motive, he continued, that inspired millions of people and incited them to work harder determined to make the dream- the American dream- come true. On April 3, 1986, he travelled to Memphis and delivered his last speech in which, it seemed, he predicted his own end: I have seen the Promised Land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight that we as a people will get to the promised land. And I am happy...Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord. Martin Luther King was assassinated in 1968. His death did not mean the end: King lit up the candle for the coming generations who were handed over the torch to continue their struggle against racism and discrimination. It was their fight now: King had died, but he did not leave them stumbling in a vacuum; they were well prepared for the next battle because King had taught them how "to destroy the barries of fear and insecurity that had been hundreds of years in the making". He had taught them how to endure the bitter maltreatment of the white race with smiling faces that challenged the white ego and exposed his brutality and savagery. King had showed his people the way and they had followed his lead because they knew he was the one- the chosen one who is going to take them through "thousands midnights...dreary with low- hovering clouds" into the light of the morning...the new morning of salvation and freedom. Even now whenever you pass by his grave, there you will see an inscription on his tombstone: "Free at last, Free at last, Thank God Almighty I am free at last..." We may not win tomorrow... but we won't quit, we won't give up...sure we have not realized all our ambitions; certainly we have a long way to go. But the important thing is that we were on the way. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Malcolm X and Martin Luther King: Compared and Contrasted.

    Student activists admired King, but they were critical of his top-down leadership style and were determined to maintain their autonomy. In contrast, Malcolm X seemed to want only one base, that of the militant Islamics. In early 1960 Malcolm X debated the subject "Is black supremacy the answer" (Source 1)

  2. Were The Dropping Of The Atomic Bombs Justified?

    there were fears that they had already made a discovery which could lead to their own Hiroshima (a case of who gets there first has the power). "The original discovery that made it possible was made in Germany, and we had believed that the German scientists were ahead of us in the development of the nuclear weapon.

  1. Mahatma Gandhi

    He continued to lead the way to independence from Britain. Many of his plans led the enemy into confusion; Britain didn't know how to fight someone using non-violence. Someone once told him that surely they had the right to kill someone if they killed their wife or child.

  2. Discuss the meaning of discipleship with reference to present day Christian belief and life.

    Desmond Tutu was born on the 7th December 1931. He then became a priest at the age of 25. Desmond Tutu had worked in Britain as well as South Africa. He then in 1976 became the bishop of Lesotho and then became the secretary of the South African Council of Church's otherwise known as the SACC in 1978.

  1. Why was Martin Luther King both so bitterly criticised, and so deeply mourned by ...

    His attempts to dramatise the evils of poverty and demand change in Chicago's ghettos provoked an angry reaction from whites, who saw him as threatening the value of their homes. The security of their jobs and the secure parochialism of their childrens schools.

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    * It showed how powerful black people could be in challenging the law if they worked together. * The Bus boycott brought MLK to national attention as a major force in the Civil Rights struggle. * The bus boycott achieved success beyond Montgomery forcing other bus companies to comply with the Supreme Court ruling.

  1. How did Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X influence the Black people's oppression ...

    On the other hand what Malcolm didn't see was that Martin's non-violence did not render the blacks any more helpless because they had no weapons o fight back with to begin with. Martin knew that violent expression in the south would be swiftly won by the whites who were already more powerful and extremely skilled in violent tactics.

  2. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    The end of Apartheid and the main opposition to Aparthied was not religious in morality or faith. It was the right to basic human rights and economic and social status internationally that began the end of apartheid. This shows that racial segregation in this case does not have to be part of a religious movement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work