• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Medicine. How far was the progress made by the Romans continued in the middle ages? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far was the progress made by the Romans continued in the middle ages? Explain your answer. In the Roman period, it was commonly thought that disease was brought by the alignment of the stars. They believed that looking into astrology was the key thing to finding out why diseases occurred, for example, if a planet was lined up with another. Another belief for why diseases occurred was that there were evil creatures too tiny to be seen that were causing people's illnesses. This is very much true as nowadays we know about germs and how they can cause illness, showing that the Romans were on the right track for some part. Lastly, poisonous vapours in the air were also to blame for diseases. These theories were made by scientists in the Roman period, and lasted until the nineteenth century. Treatments for diseases consisted of many herbal remedies that were passed down through generations. ...read more.

Middle

They believed that a healthy mind led to a healthy body, and they were keen on keeping fit to combat illnesses. They believed that money should be spent on keeping yourself fit rather than spending on a doctor when you get ill. Public health was a great concern for the Romans. They made the link between bad water and sewage causing illnesses, as their drinking water would flow right next to their sewage pipes. Due to this discovery, the Romans made seven sewers so that the sewage could flow away from the drinking water. They employed government officials to monitor the cleanliness and behaviour of the water as well as giving 300 slaves the job of cleaning the streets every night. Aqueducts were built to bring fresh water into the city; this was so not only the rich could benefit from the necessities of life, but the common people too. They also found that the swamps were big carriers of the disease malaria - due to this, Julius Caesar had a large swamp drained and replaced it with a forest. ...read more.

Conclusion

As some of the population believed bad air had caused the disease, they thought of the solution that you should surround yourself by other smells as to not breathe in the contaminated air. One method consisted of sticking your head in a bucket that was filled with waste from the toilet. The four humours method was also followed, so people would try to balance them e.g. by draining "excess" blood from the body. However, some believed that all these methods were a waste of time and nothing could be done to cure the plague. To conclude, I think the progress made in the Middle Ages was much more delayed than the progress made by the Romans. The main reason for this is because of the occurrence of the Black Death. It was essentially an incurable disease and many people died. Despite the shocking number of deaths however, the Black Death did indeed lead to new revelations like the four humours. Overall, although it may have been a more delayed process, the Middle Ages did progress the discoveries and work done by the Romans. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Although this essay has a lot of detail and knowledge of the Roman and Medieval periods it does not focus enough on the comparison between the two times to show if progress was sustained. The key example to show that progress was not made should have been public health and there should have been a detailed comparison. ***

Marked by teacher Kate Forbes 03/03/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. To what extent can historians be objective?

    He also believes that objectivity is not desirable in historical study, as history should serve a social goal, for example, to learn from past mistakes - using lessons learned from history as an example for the present. Zinn assigns to history a social task.

  2. Which Religion Did More to Help or Hinder Medicine - Islam or Christianity?

    In Cairo, the Al-Mansur hospital was founded in 1283 and was one of the scientific wonders of the age, It had separate departments for patients with different diseases, a library and lecture halls training to be doctors.

  1. Why was the Roman Army so Successful? Rome was one ...

    These rewards were such as learning how to cook and clean, how to keep fit, and also to travel around the world. Being able to impress the ladies was also a very significant reward. The other rewards were such as capturing riches after war, receiving a good salary, and getting free clothes and food.

  2. How civilised were the Romans?

    Gladiators were seen as celebrities would be today. It was, for some people, a part of daily life to go to the coliseums and watch the fights. Today this sort of activity would be seen barbaric and cruel therefore unaccepted.

  1. Arguments For And Against Slavery (Transatlantic Slave Trade) - table

    *impact on African population - It was estimated that at least 11-12 million Africans were carried across the Atlantic to work though the numbers are highly controversial. Some estimates that approximately 25 out of 100 slaves died on the voyages.

  2. Medicine Through Time Timeline

    Two main types of plague 1. Bubonic ? 50-75% chance of death. Carried by fleas on rats. Death usually within 8 days 2. Pneumonic ? airborne disease. 90-95% chance of death within only 2-3 days People had no idea how to stop the plague.

  1. Explain the Main Causes of the Spanish Armada

    Also, Spain was still furious about the way Catherine of Aragon had been treated by Henry VIII. The Spanish ships were bringing back enormous cargoes of gold and silver from South America. The English sea captains like Drake stole these cargoes and their ships regularly.

  2. Why did Henry VII break with Rome?

    He would have a lot more power and not have to use money for fancy decorations. Also, he thought the Church had too much fortune, and Henry, being in debt wanted all this wealth for himself. Henry saw money from England going to Rome and saw no reason now for the Pope to have such an effect to his country.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work