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Modern Slavery.

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Introduction

Modern Slavery Introduction Modern slavery was abolished 200 years ago by William Wilberforce but even so, nowadays the number of slaves in the world is at a high. Wilberforce's greatest accomplishment William Wilberforce was born in 1759 to a family of wealth and social standing. His greatest political efforts were for those caught in the vice of slavery. British ships were carrying black slaves from Africa to the West Indies as goods to be bought and sold. Wilberforce began his campaign to abolish the slave trade in 1798. Through his efforts, along with members of the "Clapham Sect," the slave trade was abolished after eighteen years of hard work. Following this victory, Wilberforce began to work for the abolition of slavery itself. Three days before he died in 1833, he heard that the House of Commons had passed the law which emancipated all the slaves in Britain's colonies. Later, through the influence of his crusade against slavery in England, America would also free her slaves Triangular Trade Route This is the process that slaves went through. The map of the world below shows this process. Slaves were taken from West Africa to the West Indies and America. Very often some Africans conspired with Europeans to obtain slaves for work. These Africans made a large amount of money from this. ...read more.

Middle

They are kidnapped for the army or for Guerrilla warfare. The boys are given guns and the girls are used as sex slaves. In Thailand, the sex slave industry is very large and this is partly due to the corrupt government. In India, a rich land owner often buys a peasant of lower class. If the labourer has a child who needs medical aid, the labourer is forced to borrow money from the landowner. The landowner accepts this deal but charges interest at an extortional rate and so the debt is never paid off. Therefore the debt is then carried on by the labourers offspring and they cannot do anything about the debt because the police are corrupt and the labourer is illiterate. Also the Japanese in World War II, made slaves of British prisoners of war by making them work up to 18hours a day to build the bridge on the River Kauai in Cambodia. White Slavery -The Barbary Coast. The Barbary Coast is the coastline of the Mediterranean and includes countries such as Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Senegal and Chad. During the late 1500's and early 1600's, pirates travelled from the Barbary Coast to Europe and took slaves. There were around 35,000 European Christian slaves held throughout this time on the Barbary Coast - many in Tripoli, Tunis, and various Moroccan towns, but most of all in Algiers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Each day they would be given perhaps two or three loaves of black bread and limited water; they received one change of clothing every year. Those who collapsed on the job from exhaustion or malnutrition were typically beaten until they got up and went back to work. The pasha also bought most female captives, some of whom were taken into his harem, where they lived out their days in captivity. The majority, however, were purchased for their ransom value; while awaiting their release, they worked in the palace as harem attendants. Many other slaves belonged to 'private parties.' Their treatment and work varied as much as their masters did. Some were well cared for, becoming virtual companions of their owners. Others were worked as hard as any 'public' slave, in agricultural labour, or construction work, or selling water or other goods around town on his (or her) owner's behalf. They were expected to pay a proportion of their earnings to their owner - those who failed to raise the required amount typically being beaten to encourage them to work harder. As they aged or their owner's fortunes changed, slaves were resold, often repeatedly. The most unlucky ended up stuck and forgotten out in the desert, in some sleepy town such as Suez, or in the Turkish sultan's galleys, where some slaves rowed for decades without ever setting foot on shore. Shahid Haji 22/01/04 - 1 - ...read more.

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