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GCSE: Britain 1905-1951
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They were easy targets for the German machine guns. However Haig assisted Britain in winning the war and although he did so with tremendous loss of life, these men did not die pointlessly. They died to protect their families and everyone else on the home front, and they died to prevent Britain from becoming a German Nation. Haig was also faced with an almost impossible task of winning the war in the quickest means possible. Haig was under constant pressure from the government to have a large victory to boost morale.
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These points will be explained with reference to the government posters, films, literature and censorship. The whole point of the propaganda was to get more and more people to sign up for the war this reason was important because of the casualties and the hardship suffered on the home front. The way the government did this was by displaying posters saying 'your country needs you' and a lot of people were patriotic so they would join up straight away Another
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Haig also served at Egypt, South Africa and the Sudan and slowly worked up through the Ranks. In 1906 he got to the rank of Major General and was the youngest Major General in the British army at that time. When Haig returned to the United Kingdom he served as the director of Military Training and Director of Staff Duties. He was promoted to General, then returned to India for several years where he became Sir O'Moore Creagh's Chief of Staff of the Indian Army. From 1912-1914 he served as General Officer Commanding (G.O.C.) at Aldershot. In 1914 when World War One broke out Haig was given command of the First Army Corps in France.
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A suffragist might look back on the funeral of Emily Davidson, which was attended by suffragists and suffragettes in London and created great publicity for the suffragist cause. This would be because it was not a violent protest, which the suffragettes condemned and was co-ordinated between suffragettes and suffragists and created the most non-violent publicity in the 8 years of campaigning. Suffragettes would also look back on the funeral and death of Emily Davidson as their greatest achievement. Emily Davidson was an important suffragette and her death created a martyr for the cause as well as huge publicity for the suffragettes.
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It was actually a very successful way in keeping morale high during the height of the Blitz. Take for example, "shelter mentality". The government was extremely worried about "shelter mentality" developing throughout the working class. Many people were already frightened by the constant threat of invasion. The government thought that the labouring force would not come out from their shelter's which would therefore mean that there would not be enough workers in factories helping build new weapons for the war.
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Britain went to war in August 1914 because the Government was committed to supporting France. Explain why you agree or disagree
Shortly before war broke out, Britain sent an ultimatum to Germany stating that if Germany failed to respect Belgian neutrality then Britain would go to war. The Germans rejected this demand stating they were not honouring Belgian neutrality unlike France, who chose to respect their neutrality. The German strategy was based upon a plan created years before by Schlieffen and is now commonly referred to as 'The Schlieffen Plan'. The Plan concentrated on pushing 90% of German forces onto France in the hope of crushing France quickly and decisively before Russia mobilised their army, who had been known to mobilise slowly in the past due to the sheer size of their army.
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We work long hard days as men did and we have successfully managed to do the same as they did! We may not be as physically strong in some cases but women have more endurance than men which means we can work in factories producing goods and keep production lines going as much as men. What jobs have they done?
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Therefore, if the government were giving into aggression then it would be seen as giving into terrorism. On the other hand, it could be found that Lloyd George was only using criticism of violence as an excuse to not giving women the right to vote. In 1906 to 1914, all female suffrage bills failed. The parliament debated out other issues until the time had run out. Therefore, none of the bills were passed. Source B is targeting men but is also trying to demonstrate a message to the suffragettes.
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Speech arguing the need for social reform in Britain. At the end of the nineteenth century middle class researchers such as Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree highlighted high levels of poverty in different parts of England.
From Booths investigation he looked at East London in his book called The Life and Labour of the People of London. He found that over 30% of Londoners were living under the poverty line suffering without essentials such as food, rent and clothing. Similar results were found by Rowntree and he discovered the cause of which was 'large families' which was the biggest reason at 52% for the cause of poverty in a report of 1901.
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A second reason Hitler changed his mind was to destroy morale of the British civilians. Hitler had witnessed the power of morale deflation during the RAF attack on Berlin, Hitler wanted this in his power. He believed that if Germany could bomb civilian houses, the British public would vouch for a surrender, as they would be in panic, confusion and, essentially, homeless. Hitler decided to attack many cities. His main city would, of course, be the capital city of London. London was the home to the most powerful man in the country. All plans and defence plans went through this city.
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Without the First World War British women would not have gained the right to vote in 1918.Do the sources agree?
The reasons for why they hadn't gained the right to vote before that date were that men had very entrenched views against women, and therefore women were looked down upon as weak and incapable. Thus it can be argued that without the First World War, women would have not been given the opportunity to prove themselves and consequently would not have been granted the vote in 1918. Source A is from a speech made by Emmeline Pankhurst in 1908.
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If his plan had worked would people be more forgiving about how many lives were lost? And if so many people believe, 'The Butcher of the Somme' is a correct name for him, then why are historians continuously revisiting the matter, and what exactly went wrong? The army was mostly made up of volunteers who showed extreme courage but were let down by their leaders. We know for definite that Haig knew about the masses of barbed wire ahead of them and about the German dug outs being so deep underground and supported with concrete.
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Sometimes I get the feeling, he wanted to commit suicide and that is why he let his life be taken so easily. Matthew desperately wanted to go back home. He did not think the war was going to be this long and this harsh on his body. He had even considered shooting himself in the foot so he could get sent back home. However, a man tried to do this last month but was caught and faced a firing squad.
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This was a further heavy economic loss for Germany. To increase the economic strain on Germany the Versailles Treaty stated that Germanys only outlet to the sea was to be given to Poland who many Germans saw as an inferior race. Germany now lost all access to the sea which prevented them gaining any form of revenue from the sea. A further consequence of the Treaty of Versailles was that Poland was to be given land which led to the loss of around 2 million people and a large amount of mineral wealth and a vast mount of tax revenue.
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The American entry into the war was a significant breakthrough, as it meant Britain had another massive power on their side. However, this development was significantly hindered as the AEF only numbered 6,064 officers and 80,969 men. In roughly the same time span in 1914, the BEF had got 354,750 men into the field. The addition of the Americans was not technically effective - it appeared to be more of a political strategy than achieving anything on a major scale.
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Do the sources provided give sufficient evidence to fully explain what happened in Belfast during the Blitz?
It only proves that there was a raid on the night of April 7th and the content gives a basic idea of what happened as a result but does not cover all the raids. The next source is a table of figures on the raids and damage caused by them and is the only source to cover all 4 raids. It was put together from official numbers years after the actual bombings and therefore may not be completely accurate but is free of any need to cover up truth.
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When the bombs stopped the Germans became aware that an infantry attack was imminent and so scrambled to get out from the dugout to get their guns in place. This was the "Race To The Parapet". The British, however, had no idea of this "race" and they thought that everyone on the other side would be dead. Many of them didn't even get halfway across no-mans-land before they were cut down by the machine-guns. Even after the first wave of men, more and more were sent over the top, even though it was evident that they weren't making ten metres towards the other front-line.
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Leading up to 1916 many small offensives were planned by the British, but all resulted in failure. Battles in 1915 at Aubers Ridge, Neuve Chapelle and Loos had all been failures and so there was a strong necessitate for a "big push" to break through. The total casualties between the battles at Loos and Neuve Chapelle added up to staggering 78,000 British troops; these small scale offensives had just been jabbing the Germans, not making the fatal major offensive that was necessary.
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She was struck by one single type G- torpedo on the forward of the bridge on the starboard side. The reason citizens where so enraged was because the Lusitania was a passenger liner and only ment to be carrying American and British citizens but Sir Winston Churchill, the high lord of admiralty has for some unknown reason and without anyone knowing put shells and guns in the holding decks and that's what years on many people think the two bangs where. Many people think that Churchill put the weapons on the ship because if they made it then he could have guns and bombs or maybe because Churchill knew America
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Women were seen as pure and clean. The role of women was to have children and tend to the house, in contrast to men. The accepted reasoning was that the career for women was marriage. To get ready for courtship and marriage a girl was groomed like a racehorse.
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Study source b and c. does source b support the evidence of source c about the suffragette Campaign? Explain your answer.
It shows two women outside an important liberal meeting. One of the two holding the others arm in disapproval due to the way she has approached a liberal meeting sign. The cartoon conducts the image in a way to make us believe the calm woman is a suffragist and the aggressive woman is a suffragette. The caption reads shrieking sister this in it self shows the desperation that the suffragettes faced in order to get the vote Source b claims that women should not have the right to vote we know this because the text states ''women were and are destined to make voters rather than to be voters
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It was the work that women did during the war that earned them the vote. Use sources H, I and J and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with this interpretation.
Among the many jobs women did, a few were Munitions work, nurses, carpenters, engineers, working in metal industries, chemical industries, government offices etc. This won them a lot of respect that had lately been taken away from them because many people were now able to see the responsible side of the suffragettes and that as a reward, they could have the vote. Source J. Supports this, it states that ' ...not only that, they have contributed to every service during this war...
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But instead only approximately 1.5 million people left and only 735,000 of the 1.5 million were children. Evacuation included school children, mothers, pregnant women, teachers, blind and disabled people. One important reason was to save their lives from the war and battles taking place. Europe was given a warning in 1936 when the Nazi Party tested their new technology. This meant that cities could be bombed from above-another major point to save children's lives. Each child was issued with a Gas Mask from the government to prevent them breathing in the poisonous gas from the gas bombs as the poisonous gas would have caused severe effects and even death.
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Dunkirk was both a deliverance and a disaster. Is there sufficient evidence to support this view in sources D to I.
In the picture sources there are also many points to show deliverance all the pictures show power, courageous acts and forms of organization. Within source F they try to show this by capturing a soldier in a courageous act to show that they are powerful and brave they demonstrate this with a soldier shooting at the German fighter planes. They also show organization in source E buy capturing them all lined up despite the dangers they are facing, and finally they show how people where saved in masses in sources D but picturing them scrambling on to boat at sea.
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They were also used to tackle major disturbances such as riots. They were used to stop anti-social behavior. They had to deal with drunkenness, beggars, vagrants and prostitutes. As time went on the police became increasingly effective during the late nineteenth century, people started to trust and appreciate them more making them more popular eventually leading them to become a large part of law and order this is shown in one of the sources as they are shown in a picture stopping a riot, this is also shown when the crime rates fall down.
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