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GCSE: Britain 1905-1951

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  1. How far had Britain become a democracy by 1928?

    At this time, a severely small percentage of the population controlled British politics. Other problems in the early nineteenth century included the open voting. The fact that there was no secret ballot made it possible for candidates to bribe the voters. It was thought to be honourable to vote in the open. Pocket and Rotten boroughs were very common. Pocket boroughs were situations in which the MP standing was also the landlord. In this way, the MP could threaten his tenant voters with eviction if they were not to vote for him. Rotten boroughs were situations where the MP represented no one, as the boroughs were completely uninhabited.

    • Word count: 1485
  2. Why women did not get the vote before 1914.

    When she was eight when her farther died. In 1824 a man named George Norton fell deeply in love with her, he proposed marriage she was only sixteen and still at school, she refused Caroline was put under pressure from by her mother and forced to marry, her mother was mainly interested in helping her own financial problems. Between 1829 and 1833 the Norton's had 3 baby boys unfortunately the marriage was a complete disaster. Caroline had no respect for her husband George stopped her disrespectful mouth by beating her. In the 1830 election George lost his seat in Guildford.

    • Word count: 1202
  3. Does field Marshall Haig deserve his title as the Butcher of the Somme?

    The bombardment started on June the 23rd 1916, it lasted for a week and used heavy artillery fire. The aim was to destroy the German trenches. On the 1st of July 1916 the order was given to go over the top on this 1st day 60,000 British troops lost their lives. After 5 months and a few square miles gained the advance was halted, the aim to lift the pressure off Verdun had succeeded. Hundreds of thousands of men lost their lives. The Somme had been the bloodiest battle of the war. It earned field Marshall Haig the title 'The Butcher of the Somme'.

    • Word count: 1158
  4. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    The Blitz would stretch from September 1940 to May 1941. The Germans would launch 71 major raids on London in these months also 56 major raids would occur on other of the United Kingdoms cities. In August of 1940 the Germans started the Battle of Britain hoping to cripple the R.A.F so that they could have air superiority of the English Channel and then they could launch their planned invasion of Great Britain codenamed operation " SEA-LION". For the success of operation "SEA-LION" air superiority would be essential because the slow moving barges that the Germans would use to transport

    • Word count: 1086
  5. How far does Source A prove that Haig did not care about the lives of his men?

    "No amount of skill on the part of the higher commanders, no training however good, on the part of the officers and men, no superiority of arms and ammunition, however great, will enable victory to be won without the sacrifice of men's lives." In the two books the World of War and Modern World History, both books suggest that one of Haig's chief subordinates Sir Henry Rawlinson was against the idea of a large offensive even before the Battle of the Somme begin.

    • Word count: 1141
  6. World War Two Evacuation Sources Questions

    The photo gives a good idea of how evacuation would have started for many young children, but it does not account for many things which writing can, such as: how were the children feeling, how confusing was the system? These kind of vital personal feelings give a picture source limitations, it restricts you to only basic feelings, e.g. if the children are smiling or crying. From my previous evacuation work, I would suggest the children were excited about this new class trip and excited by the prospect of the countryside.

    • Word count: 1226
  7. How much were generals such as Douglas Haig to blame for the huge number of casualties in WW1?

    However, it may not be entirely Haig's fault indirectly. It was almost certainly his fault directly. As David Lloyd George wrote, Haig had "the inexhaustible vanity that will never admit a mistake". So, was he the right man for the job? Haig did not have the experience or knowledge of 20th centaury warfare and advances in technology required to lead such large assaults. Haig was born the son of a successful whisky distilling firm head, and went to the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. He was sent to India with his regiment and slowly worked his way up through the ranks. His had experience in active service in the Sudan and the Boer War from 1899-1902.

    • Word count: 1175
  8. How much impact did music have on society 1955-75?

    Much of the new music presented a different view to traditional values of society, including sex and religion. Much of the music openly stated and encouraged sex for pleasure, undermining any traditional religious values. The Rolling Stones song ?Satisfaction? openly used explicit lyrics such as ?I can't get no satisfaction, I can't get no girl reaction?, a contrast to the traditional value which was against sex outside of marriage. Instead, music encouraged rebellion against these traditional values and higher authority such as the government.

    • Word count: 1351
  9. Comparing three sources describing the German bombing of Britain.

    These quotes clearly indicate that representation 1 is partial and bias towards the impression that British optimism was low. On the other hand, representation 2 was produced to entertain readers whilst telling them the story of a boy?s life during the Blitz. Because of its purpose, the second representation has no reason to be bias and partial, therefore making it impartial and more useful than representation one in this particular category. Representation 2 shows both sides to the British morale. Within the source, we can see Arnold Tabbs crying. This supports the idea that morale may have been low for the British.

    • Word count: 1334
  10. How much did the CID improve investigative policing in the years 1880-1950?

    In addition, if there wasn?t a development in technology then perhaps Dr Crippen would have got away. Another use of technology was in the ?Whitechapel Murders?. When Mary Kelly was killed, detectives took photographs of her at the scene. This shows that technology was improving, as was the detection of crimes as the CID was then able to infer from those photographs, therefore improving investigative techniques. Although photography was used, Mary Kelly was the only victim to have been photographed; therefore this indicates that the importance of photographing the scene ?had not been fully understood at the time?.

    • Word count: 1274
  11. Dunkirk was a triumph? How far do you agree with this statement?

    A map of the German advance of 1940 truly shows the situation the British army was in. They were surrounded by the German troops leaving them in a problematic situation with only two options. One was to put up a fight but run the risk of being utterly destroyed or go back to Britain and regroup. So we could say that the statement, ?the British army were cowards? is slightly untrue and that the fact they escaped from Dunkirk that quickly and safely is a triumph. From a book published in England in July 1940 it says, ?At Dunkirk a miracle was born.

    • Word count: 1306
  12. "War and the Transformation of British Society 1903 - 1928" - Answer to pg 87, q 5

    that the way men perceive women is now different- because women themselves ?have not changed with the war,?; only men?s opinions, for they realized ?they could not afford to hem women in with old restrictions,? as during the war they proved what they were capable of, a point supported by Source C, a report carried out in 1918, which detailed the work of men and of women, and seen in this report, on nine counts, women?s work was either superior or equal to that of the men.

    • Word count: 1016
  13. Does Douglas Haig deserve the nickame of The Butcher Of The Somme?

    Let?s look at some of the views and opinions about this nickname. What the British troops had decided, was to have an immense bombardment on the German troops, but this technique had been used so widely in the past 2 years of war and when the British troops started their bombardment on the 1st of July 1916, all the Germans had to do was go in their underground bunkers until they got a clear signal. Moreover, because the Germans knew what the British troops were upto they strengthened their trenches even more, this way making the wire really hard for anyone to penetrate through.

    • Word count: 1096
  14. "The British Army were Lions led by Donkeys." Discuss.

    But were not lions because: they were not proud of themselves and their attempts of running away. The Generals did not care about their soldiers in the First World War because according to David Lloyd George?s memoirs about the War tactics, he says, ?Haig ordered many bloody battles in this War. He only took part in two. He never even saw the ground on which his greatest battles were fought,? This suggests that he treated war like a chess game and did not consider the soldiers as humans as he only waited for the results miles away from the battle field, meaning he was a donkey as he did not think about how the soldiers really felt.

    • Word count: 1150
  15. In Britain from the period of 1955 to 1975 social attitudes had changed significantly. The public had a completely different idea of the roles women would play in society

    In the 1960s, approximately 80 per cent of all shop and factory work was done by women. On the other hand, only 5 per cent of the law profession were women. Also there was a clear lack of legislation. For example, women applying for jobs discovered that their employers were almost unenthusiastic about appointing them to job positions. Employers had in mind that women would get married and leave work after having children. Even if women received the same jobs as men, they would still get paid less. Employers also used the excuse of women being unwilling to work if their children were ill.

    • Word count: 1401
  16. General Douglas Haig Butcher or Hero?

    General Haig didn?t get off to a very good start after sending a letter to a newspaper saying ?this nation must be taught to bear losses. No amount of skill on the part of the higher commanders, no training, however good, on the part of officers and men, no superiority, however great, of arms and ammunition, will enable victories to be won without the sacrifice of men's lives?. This was basically declaring publicly that he did not care how many men were killed he just wanted to win.

    • Word count: 1086
  17. How useful and reliable are these sources in explaining how womans lives were affected by World War I?

    After the war however women?s contribution to the war effort had given a sense of independence while changing many stereotypical male views of them staying within the confines of their household or simply working in low-paid domestic service. This is proven by Herbert Asquith who proposed giving women the vote having denied it in the years before the war. Therefore women were rewarded with the vote, they were ?given some form of political representation? but unfortunately the reason the previous statement is so vague is because they had be over 30 years of age meaning biased still was very much present.

    • Word count: 1469
  18. How far did the Womens Liberation Movement impact British Society

    Eventually the women realised and to get changes women at the Rolls Royce Factory in Glasgow in the year 1943 went on strike; as this source states ?www.historylearningsite.co.uk/womenww2 . This clearly demonstrates exactly how serious and desperate women were for change and equality. The outcome of this strike was a part victory for the women Alongside women who had now became housewives once again, also returned back to their traditional aspects to show significance in the society.www.womenhistory.about.com/od/worldwar;posterart/ig/worldwarll The source that is on this website is an cartoon image of Rosie the Riveter holding her arm and pulling her sleeves up and in speech is ?We can do it!?.

    • Word count: 1198
  19. How effectively did the Liberals help children, the old and the unemployed?

    As the beginning of the nineteen hundreds progressed the Liberals began to notice that children were in need of desperate help so they started to introduce reforms. They began with the 1906 Free School Meals Act, followed by the 1907 School Medical Inspectors, then the 1908 Children and Young Persons Act and finally the 1912 School Clinics. The 1906 Free School Meals Act was welcomed, it allowed the local authorities to provide free school meals, by 1914, 14 million children were receiving free school meals.

    • Word count: 1284
  20. How far to do agree that Sir Douglas Haig is to blame for the failure at the battle of the Somme?

    If his tactics were good, then maybe it was a different aspect responsible for the failures at the Somme. The Germans were clever, their tactics had been well thought out, and they prepared for everything. They had made bomb proof trenches, with bedrooms and running water as there's were perminant, they were not attempting to gain land, but keep it. Whereas the Brit's had mud and insect ridden trenches as theirs were simply temporary. The Brits did not intend to stay in their trenches very long before moving forward and attacking for new territory.

    • Word count: 1201
  21. The Battle of the Somme: Were Lions led by Donkeys?

    There are arguments to suggest that some of the generals were highly competent. The Generals? actions during the Battle of the Somme Some of the British divisions did achieve their objectives and ultimately were successful in the Battle of the Somme. One such example of generals being very competent and leading their divisions well were those from the Ulster Division who ordered their troops to enter no man?s land before the battle began to give them a head start - allowing the Germans no time to prepare for their attack.

    • Word count: 1328
  22. Why were some women given the vote in 1918?

    They were founded by Emmeline Pankhurst in 1903 and due to the Suffragist?s lack of success, Pankhurst intensified the movement tenfold and encouraged for more radical and militant behaviour in order to gain both public and parliamentary attention, and a considerable amount of publicity. The Suffragettes, such as Edith New, heckled politicians, held marches, members chained themselves to railings, attacked policemen, broke windows, slashed paintings, set fire to buildings, threw bombs and went on hunger strike when they were sent to prison.

    • Word count: 1005
  23. Why did Chamberlain follow a policy of appeasement?

    On 15th September Hitler met Chamberlain at Berchtesgaden where Hitler said Czechoslovakia was the last problem to be solved; he had no further intentions of expanding his Reich in Europe. Chamberlain said he believed Hitler. However at Bad Godesberg 22nd September Hitler made more demands, for a while, Chamberlain refused, but then he decided that Czechoslovakia was not a great enough issue to justify war. So at Munich he gave Sudetenland to Hitler without consulting Benes and came home waving a piece of paper with his and Hitler?s signatures on it saying they will not fight each other, ?I believe it is peace for our time?.

    • Word count: 1222

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