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GCSE: Britain 1905-1951
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The poster also brings forward that the argument that women who work as mayors, nurses, doctors and factory hands will have to pay tax to the Government. Yet they don't have a say in where the money they give is spent. This is very unfair but critics may say that the poster is equally unfair. The poster only shows the good sides of women and shows the worst of men in the bottom half which in itself it greatly exaggerated.
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In the early nineteenth century the army were used to break up these demonstrations. One of the Met's roles was to take control of the demonstrations but on many occasions they had to call in the army for assistance. The army were able to clear the crowds in a matter of minutes. The Met weren't very tactful in how they tackled public demonstrations which often resulted in the death of many demonstrators. The Met made a big mistake by using batons to get rid of demonstrators.
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But despite the dramatic findings of Booth and Rowntree, the government did not act. It took something else to bring about changes. The Boer War In 1899 Britain went to war with the Boers, the Dutch settlers in South Africa. Everybody expected the British Army to win easily and thousands of men volunteered to fight in the Army. Altogether about 450,000 men were recruited. For the first time, however, volunteers had to take a medical and many failed. They were simply too unhealthy to join the Army. Overall, about 37% of volunteers were rejected, but in some inner city areas of Britain, the figure was as high as 90%.
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It also says, "We hadn't the slightest idea where we were going", which is consistent with the belief that evacuation was disorganised, as is commonly thought. Also, as it was said by a teacher, this means it is likely to be true as teachers were very involved in the evacuation process - as has been said, 103,000 teachers were evacuated themselves in September 1939. There is no reason why the teacher would lie, so all these points lead to Source C being a useful source.
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It shows two pilots stood next to the car suggesting that the pilot's speedy lifestyles require a speedy car. The only text is written on the number plate reading 'MGB GT' which is the only way you can tell what make the car is. This advert is selling the car more on its technology rather than its looks which aims it at higher class men. Women, in these adverts, are generally portrayed as objects, their posture during the earlier adverts makes them seem dizzy and inferior and the later adverts show them to be objects that are used to appeal to the male audience.
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These characteristics show that men are very useless in the community, and that they are taking from the community, not giving like women. Overall, Source A is telling us that women had progressed much more than they were before, and that they were as, or more, responsible than men. The Source is also trying to tell us that women were intelligent, compared to the useless men shown on the poster. This Source tells us that women were really frustrated and annoyed about being denied the right to vote.
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Tourism causes overcrowding; so many people densely packed in tourist attractions for example Oxford Street. Tourism also causes annoyance to the residents as they ask questions for directions etc. Tourism increases noise pollution and pollution as they have places to go, and places to see they will be using a lot of transport like buses and cars which causes more global warming, this is also connected to the increase of traffic on the streets. Many factors are required to build up a good tourist centre. A good tourist centre must have many facilities of good quality to satisfy the needs of a tourist.
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The NUWSS vowed to keep working for the vote however. In 1911, Millicent Fawcett (leader of the NUWSS) held a meeting with Asquith in which he promised to bring the Conciliation Bill back to the table in the next session of Parliament, however it did not make it so far this time as the Liberals refused to proceed with the bill and instead wanted to increase the rights of men, allowing more of them to vote. To many this seemed a sensible thing to do before even considering giving the vote to women.
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The actual technology worked by radio waves bouncing off the enemies aircraft, this would tell the RAF pinpoint exactly were they were and how fast they were going. This was an advantage when the Luftwaffe were arriving therefore the RAF could get into there planes and destroy enemy before they could reach them. During Blitzkrieg the German planes would destroy the enemy planes before they could actually take off therefore, by the British having radar they could counter this and be successful, the actual technology itself improved as the war went on so it was a good invention but it was also later stolen by the Germans.
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Also source B gives us a better idea of what the atmosphere would have been like when the children left their parents than source A as it is an insider's view whereas source A is just a photograph. Source B is an extract of an interview with a teacher who was evacuated with children from her school. Source A shows that the children were happy as they were being evacuated whereas the teacher being interviewed in source B describes the journey as being a bad experience for both the children and the parents.
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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early years of the Second World War?
Another attitude of the government was that as most factory workers were men who went away to fight in the war, women were needed to work in the factories to make ammunition and prepare the country for war. Women couldn't work in the factories if they had children to look after. The government decided that evacuating children to the countryside would mean more women were free to work. These are just a few reasons why the British Government decided to evacuate children from Britain's major cities.
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Study sources A and B. Does source B support the evidence of source A about the Matchgirls? Explain your answer. Source B does support source A to a certain extent, as they cover similar themes such as wages. Source B is from the Times Newspaper and source A is from the Link magazine and both were written in the same year in 1888. Source B was clearly written to disagree with Source A, as it is militant, it's attacking the working conditions and the wages.
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The changes in the rights of women across the Victorian era serve to underline the determined but peaceful petitioning done by the early feminists and these must be seen as positive steps forward on the road to eventual sexual equality. John Stuart Mills, founder member of the National Society for Women's Suffrage, wrote a book called "The Subjection of Women", recognising as early as 1867 that women could never be free until they gained enfranchisement and tried, unsuccessfully, to add an amendment on women's suffrage to 1867 Reform Act. At the beginning of Queen Victoria's reign, in 1837 there were
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the vote, and this is also done so that the points that the Suffragettes are trying to make are not tainted or distorted by actual facts or numbers, as exampled with the mayor. This is how we learn about the urgency that women had to get the vote. Although it may seem as though the Suffragettes are saying that ALL women have these high class roles on society, they are actually not, they are only implying that they do as they use the phrase "what a women MAY be, and yet not have the vote" and "what a man MAY
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Furthermore lots of men were beginning to be announced as deceased therefore it was necessary to start working if their husbands had died. It is likely that by 1915, there would be a lot of women passionate about having input in the war. However the reliability can be disputed. Lots of newspapers at the time were subjective and held extreme views, such as the times held strong views against women's franchise. Contradicting this, few newspapers were for women's franchise, this could have been one of them.
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Winston Churchill's speech on the 18th June 1940 to the House of Commons is one of his most famous wartime speeches. Winston Churchill tells the British public, the Luftwaffe outnumbers the RAF heavily, but our men are of far superior quality. How even the catastrophe at Dunkirk did not stop us but made the will of the people stronger not to give up but to keep up the war effort and that there is no chance of a German
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In the mid-nineteenth century, women from all social classes were in a subordinate position to men, with few rights under the laws which had been set up by the male-dominated government, although their experiences were very different. Middle-class women were seen as the moral guidelines of the home and were dependent upon male relatives for economic support. Working-class women, however, often had to contribute to family income, but their main association with the home meant that their paid employment was viewed as an insignificant activity, and they were clustered in a narrow range of low-paid, low-skilled and often casual jobs.
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He decided to make this change because he wanted more defence on the eastern front. He also insisted that the army should invade just through Belgium. This was done because the Germans wanted to take over Paris and going through Belgium was the shortest and easiest route; they wouldn't face any resistance and they could attack France from behind. Things did not go according to plan because Von Moltke chose the wrong country to send his soldiers through. They thought Belgium would not resist or put up a fight however they were wrong. When the German army asked permission to go through Belgium on August 1914, the Belgians refused, so the German army had to fight its way through Belgium.
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But in spite of that he writes about how the first attack was so successful and how it went like 'clockwork' when really loads of men died and it was a complete disaster. Source B not only shows about how Haig didn't care about the lives of any of his men but also about how he didn't actually know what was happening, this in turn could have led to more deaths. B. Both sources B and C give very different accounts of what happened on the battlefields, the reason for this is probably because they were written at different times.
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He presented the first petition for the enfranchisement of women to parliament in 1866. The petition had 1500 signatures and although it was rejected many people saw this as an action which placed the issue of women's votes on the public stage. Women did get some form of representation but only at local level. In 1869, the government passed an act that allowed women to vote in local elections. Many followers of the women's suffrage campaign used this as a counter argument to one the reasons given by people who believed women should not be allowed to vote in general elections.
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There is also statistical evidence to support the claim that the younger generation are less likely to vote. The British election study in 2005 showed that only 34% of people aged 18-24 actually voted in the 2005 election even thought beforehand it seem that male in this category seem to be very enthusiastic about the idea. The figures also showed that as the age increased this voting turnout also increased show that there is a clear link between age and voting behaviour. These facts help me to complete my aim of investigating if young people vote. This fall in voting could be cause the fact that no one longer in concerned by politics and are not interested in the whole idea of voting as they don't see how there vote manages to change anything.
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From studying Source A, I have learned about the reasons given by the Suffragettes for demanding votes for women. One of these reasons are that if a women has achieved a high political or social status she is still not granted the vote however the men classed in the lowest section of the social hierarchy are allowed to vote in elections. This is because of the fact that it is women in general that are not allowed to vote weather it be a women at the top of the social hierarchy or a women at the bottom of the social hierarchy.
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Women found this very unjust as Parliament consisted entirely of men, elected by men to pass laws to benefit men. Women wanted a change and so the poster of Source A was drawn to get their message across. 2) In some ways the evidence from source b does support source c about the suffragette campaign, such as in source b Lloyd George says "the worst way of campaigning is to try and intimidate or black mail" , this obviously means that using violent protesting is not the right way of putting your argument forward.
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Also it has no factual evidence that it happened and is only a matter of the person who drew its point of view. However there is fictional dialogue from a soldier talking to his commander, which has probably tried to be accurate even though it is through the cartoonist's point of view. Source B is from the TV show 'Blackadder Goes Forth' from the BBC. It tells us that the character Captain Blackadder is sarcastically telling his fellow men about what is going to happen to them. He says that the General 'Insanity' Melchitt invites them to a mass slaughter.
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It shows women in very powerful positions such as a mayor, a nurse, a teacher etc. The bottom half of the poster portrays men in negative roles such as a drunkard, a lunatic, a convict and other such characters. Despite this, men will still regain the vote or will never lose it. Women wanted the vote because wherever they have become voters; reform proceeded more rapidly than before. Through this poster women are trying to reiterate that if given a chance they can revolutionize the way of thinking.
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