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GCSE: Britain 1905-1951
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It was clear by the end of the 1930s that the end of the British rule in India was coming. It was only a matter of time. Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with this.
It was clear the British would leave for a number of reasons - the economy, the war and politics. The first reason I agree is due to the economic side of the problems. Near the end of their reign, the economic situation was Britain was in debt to India at roughly £3 billion with a rise of £70 million daily. They were, at this point, clearly no longer profiting from their association with India and much of the money they needed to maintain India was being spent on improving Britain at home. Offering India independence would be a way to write off much of their debt while securing funds for the Labour party plans.
- Word count: 501
These helped to provide a stable floor, which could cope with the soldiers walking on them from day-to-day. As these did not sink into the mud, they soon became a common sight in British trenches. Conditions in the trenches Living conditions in the trenches were very basic as well as very unhygienic. The solders would sleep in holes cut out into the side of the trench which are known as ?dug outs?. Although these provided a shelter from the rain and some privacy, sleeping in they led to a high risk of them collapsing onto the solider.
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In WW1 Britain received the help from many thousands of soldiers from their empire and over sea colonies. This time however Britain had all but lost it's over sea powers and had very little support to rely on. But it wasn't only Britain's over sea colonies that wouldn't fight; France wanted peace and wanted to avoid war at all costs. Chamberlain gave in to some of Hitler?s demands, as going to war against the strong Germany was not a good idea for Britain.
- Word count: 508
There are arguments to suggest that some of the generals were highly competent. The Generals? actions during the Battle of the Somme Some of the British divisions did achieve their objectives and ultimately were successful in the Battle of the Somme. One such example of generals being very competent and leading their divisions well were those from the Ulster Division who ordered their troops to enter no man?s land before the battle began to give them a head start - allowing the Germans no time to prepare for their attack.
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They were founded by Emmeline Pankhurst in 1903 and due to the Suffragist?s lack of success, Pankhurst intensified the movement tenfold and encouraged for more radical and militant behaviour in order to gain both public and parliamentary attention, and a considerable amount of publicity. The Suffragettes, such as Edith New, heckled politicians, held marches, members chained themselves to railings, attacked policemen, broke windows, slashed paintings, set fire to buildings, threw bombs and went on hunger strike when they were sent to prison.
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This highlighting of the poverty in main cities made many people believe that something had to be done to eradicate the gap between rich and poor when the war was over. This idea is coupled with Source A6, which identifies the unfamiliarity Bernard Kops felt when he experienced cleanliness and privileges like carpets and clean sheets when evacuated to Buckinghamshire from Stepney Green in London. Both sources are quite reliable, Source A2 was written by a group of history teachers, this meant they had the benefit of hindsight and so was able to see the long-term effect evacuation had on people?s lives.
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On 15th September Hitler met Chamberlain at Berchtesgaden where Hitler said Czechoslovakia was the last problem to be solved; he had no further intentions of expanding his Reich in Europe. Chamberlain said he believed Hitler. However at Bad Godesberg 22nd September Hitler made more demands, for a while, Chamberlain refused, but then he decided that Czechoslovakia was not a great enough issue to justify war. So at Munich he gave Sudetenland to Hitler without consulting Benes and came home waving a piece of paper with his and Hitler?s signatures on it saying they will not fight each other, ?I believe it is peace for our time?.
- Word count: 1222