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GCSE: Britain 1905-1951

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  1. Speech arguing the need for social reform in Britain. At the end of the nineteenth century middle class researchers such as Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree highlighted high levels of poverty in different parts of England.

    From Booths investigation he looked at East London in his book called The Life and Labour of the People of London. He found that over 30% of Londoners were living under the poverty line suffering without essentials such as food, rent and clothing. Similar results were found by Rowntree and he discovered the cause of which was 'large families' which was the biggest reason at 52% for the cause of poverty in a report of 1901.

    • Word count: 451
  2. Does General Haig deserve to be remembered as the Butcher of the Somme?

    Haig was in charge because his predecessor Sir John. The French had been sacked. French took the blame for what they set out in an earlier post - namely that Britain ended up having to throw its resources into a full scale land war on the Continent, despite having spent the preceding century doing everything to avoid such an eventuality. It has been said that on many occasions that British officers were portrayed as lounging around behind the lines whilst sending the working class soldiers over the top in an act of totally heartless.

    • Word count: 1748
  3. Some men opposed the employment of women in WWI when their work was absolutely crucial. Why did men oppose this?

    This, of course, sparked the loathing of women at work, and often led to forms of bullying. "Over and over again the foreman gave me the wrong or incomplete directions..." That statement is a classic example of men trying to drive women away from work. Another reason why men opposed women was over the workmanship. Men were actually concerned over the quality of the products that they were producing. Women did not have any experience in the factory, and the men were worried over what quality of products that were being sent to the front line. Also, women came in with little or no training.

    • Word count: 1042
  4. Free essay

    Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    A second reason Hitler changed his mind was to destroy morale of the British civilians. Hitler had witnessed the power of morale deflation during the RAF attack on Berlin, Hitler wanted this in his power. He believed that if Germany could bomb civilian houses, the British public would vouch for a surrender, as they would be in panic, confusion and, essentially, homeless. Hitler decided to attack many cities. His main city would, of course, be the capital city of London. London was the home to the most powerful man in the country. All plans and defence plans went through this city.

    • Word count: 657
  5. Explain the Differing Reactions of People in Britain to the Policy of Evacuating Children during the Second World War

    In 1944 some children were evacuated back to the countryside when the Germans began to use the V-1 against Britain. The attitudes of parents changed radically between 1939 and 1945, with mass panic and evacuation in 1939, 1940 and 1944. Between these periods however, parents began to call back their children to their homes as they believed that nothing was wrong. A lot of the children that were evacuated were the working-class children who lived in the middle of the large cities.

    • Word count: 1731
  6. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

    This mass building of planes would have scared the British Government as it would have known that the planes could easily be transformed and the vast numbers of planes created would cause catastrophic damage to the country. In order to try and preserve as many lives as possible, the Government would have decided to evacuate the neediest, for example children, the disabled and pregnant women. The countryside could not accommodate all of the needy so sites that would cause the most damage if bombed were designated as zones to move as many people out as possible.

    • Word count: 2073
  7. Why did the Liberals decline between 1908-1918?

    So, the Liberals showed no sympathy for the women and their cause. The Labour Party however, supported the Suffragettes and felt they deserved the vote. The Labour newspapers at this time were against the Cat and Mouse Act and reported all the stories that unfolded about it. Ramsay MacDonald and Keir Hardie marched for the women in their various demonstrations to help achieve them the vote. Ramsay MacDonald visited the women who were in prison and this was reported in newspapers showing a sympathetic biased side to the situation.

    • Word count: 2972
  8. Without the First World War British women would not have gained the right to vote in 1918.Do the sources agree?

    The reasons for why they hadn't gained the right to vote before that date were that men had very entrenched views against women, and therefore women were looked down upon as weak and incapable. Thus it can be argued that without the First World War, women would have not been given the opportunity to prove themselves and consequently would not have been granted the vote in 1918. Source A is from a speech made by Emmeline Pankhurst in 1908.

    • Word count: 596
  9. Explain the different reactions of people in Britain to the policy of evacuating children during the Second World War

    Many of these families wanted to adopt the evacuees at the end of the war but were obliged to send them home to families who the children hardly knew. When asked to take in an evacuee, many country-dwelling families said "we've got no room," and closed the door on the children's faces. These people where then accused of "shirking their responsibilities" by the government who even gave the foster parents an allowance to take care of the child's needs. This was sometimes a welcome relief for the poorer families but more often than not, not enough to sustain safe passage for the child.

    • Word count: 1164
  10. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the war?

    Most governments in Europe feared for their people's welfare. Not only had technology improved greatly since the First World War but it was becoming an era of 'Total War'. Rather than two armies fighting on one battle field, civilians were at risk; towns and cities were being bombed and no one was exempt from the carnage. The introduction of planes in particular meant that Britain's 'island status' and powerful navy, was no longer enough to protect it from attacks. Bombs being dropped from planes were also a huge problem. They didn't always hit their targets and they often didn't explode.

    • Word count: 1716
  11. Votes for Women - Historical Issue Coursework

    They consider it completely unjust. They consider it a slanderous insult towards womankind because they believe that women should have the vote; that they deserve it and that it's their entitlement. Q2. Study Sources B and C. Does Source B support the evidence of Source C about the suffragette campaign? A2 Source B is written by a woman called Marie Corelli. The book is called 'Woman or Suffragette' and this title sets the tone for the extract. The use of the word 'or' means that if you are female you are either woman or suffragette - not both.

    • Word count: 2551
  12. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the war?

    and the Italian invasion of Abyssinia (1935), Hitler concluded that the League were clearly not going to be an obstacle in his occupation of the rest of Europe. Despite Britain wanting to remain peaceful while they rebuilt their economy, they became increasingly worried that war would become inevitable if negotiations were not made with Germany. Already Hitler had opposed the Treaty of Versailles by remilitarising the Rhineland and rebuilding his army, though Britain and France had done nothing about this.

    • Word count: 2879
  13. Labour Party

    Keynes, an economist was sent to Washington to negotiate an interest free loan of six billion dollars. But, in July 1946, the Americans gave only 3.75 billion dollars with interest at 2%. One years later this money was gone but industries were recovering. America also helped Britain with the Marshal plan. The labour government of 1945 was involved more than any other government in the country's economy. The Labour Party achieved objectives politician have dreamed about; they succeed in making Britain a welfare state, they applied nationalization, did full employment and open foreign policy.

    • Word count: 1663
  14. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    Public places such as Cinemas, theatres were closed and football matches were banned. However, for the sake of morale, regulations were relaxed by the end of 1939. In 1940, France was defeated by the Nazis and the British were left alone against the Germans who's invasion was apparently imminent. The Emergency Powers Act of May 1940 gave authorities full power. To confuse the Germans, signposts, place-names and station name-boards were removed. Rationing of bacon, butter, cheese and meat was introduced.

    • Word count: 2009
  15. Economic decline in Britain

    The first thing that helped the decline was the lack of competitiveness of Britain's industries. They failed to develop during the industrial revolution, they kept the old machines and so weren't efficient any more. These industries also had a tendency in short-termism, which is concentrating on immediate profit at the expense of long term security. These industries had low productivity because of the fact that they had old machines and low investments they failed to develop. After the war, Britain had debts and had seen its political position in Europe lowered, so it tried to maintain a costly world role.

    • Word count: 2215
  16. Impact of the WWII on Britain

    Not once in the story does Little Chandler write, but he spends plenty of time imagining fame and indulging in poetic sentiments. He has a whole collection of poetry books but has not the courage to read them to his wife, for example, instead of reciting lines to himself. He constantly thinks about his possible career as poet but he hasn't the will to apply his thoughts. Little Chandler uses his country to dream of success, but at the same time blames it for limiting that success.

    • Word count: 1169
  17. Do you agree with the view that the First World War delayed the giving of votes to women?

    This clearly would not help their efforts to gain the vote. If people are not seeing women as coming away from the sphere they are in and are still not doing, or in the same job field as men then they are not going to get the vote by the end of the war. However, it became clear that the public were starting to take notice. The traditional views began to dissolve and opinions began to change. This is highlighted in source 14, "professional...

    • Word count: 1465
  18. Does General Haig Deserve the Title The Butcher of the Somme?

    If his plan had worked would people be more forgiving about how many lives were lost? And if so many people believe, 'The Butcher of the Somme' is a correct name for him, then why are historians continuously revisiting the matter, and what exactly went wrong? The army was mostly made up of volunteers who showed extreme courage but were let down by their leaders. We know for definite that Haig knew about the masses of barbed wire ahead of them and about the German dug outs being so deep underground and supported with concrete.

    • Word count: 788
  19. What was life like in the trenches during WW1?

    Sometimes I get the feeling, he wanted to commit suicide and that is why he let his life be taken so easily. Matthew desperately wanted to go back home. He did not think the war was going to be this long and this harsh on his body. He had even considered shooting himself in the foot so he could get sent back home. However, a man tried to do this last month but was caught and faced a firing squad.

    • Word count: 706
  20. The Treaty of Versailles Pleased No-one How far do you agree with this statement?

    An Allied Blockade remained in force on the border of Germany, preventing food from reaching a starving population. The Allies held the blockade strong until Germany would submit to the unfair terms of the Treaty. Germany never wanted to sign this suicidal contract and the representatives of Germany had no input into the Treaty and did not even know the exact terms of it until presented to them with their population dying out. If Germany did not accept, the Allies would have invaded and, in fact, had started gathering forces before the terms were finally signed at the last minute.

    • Word count: 1030
  21. How did WW1 contribute to nationalism in the British Colonies?

    They thought that this was their chance to impress and to show that they were equal. This was their chance to free themselves from the chains of discrimination and racism. To them, the war was a lifeline where they could prove themselves, whilst earning a wage and supporting their family. Military personnel also felt they had a duty to support the mother country and to help those who were helping them. Country leaders believed this war to be a noble cause where their men could demonstrate their loyalty. Countries' loyalty was pressured into joining the war and fighting for what they most respected at the time.

    • Word count: 1001
  22. Why did Germany suffer economic and political problems in 1923

    This was a further heavy economic loss for Germany. To increase the economic strain on Germany the Versailles Treaty stated that Germanys only outlet to the sea was to be given to Poland who many Germans saw as an inferior race. Germany now lost all access to the sea which prevented them gaining any form of revenue from the sea. A further consequence of the Treaty of Versailles was that Poland was to be given land which led to the loss of around 2 million people and a large amount of mineral wealth and a vast mount of tax revenue.

    • Word count: 967
  23. Introduction of Technology - WWI

    The American entry into the war was a significant breakthrough, as it meant Britain had another massive power on their side. However, this development was significantly hindered as the AEF only numbered 6,064 officers and 80,969 men. In roughly the same time span in 1914, the BEF had got 354,750 men into the field. The addition of the Americans was not technically effective - it appeared to be more of a political strategy than achieving anything on a major scale.

    • Word count: 650
  24. Why did women fail to get the vote before 1914?

    Both classes were less independent than the working class women, who went out to work, but they still also had to raise a family put their wage into the house and also got paid less than men. There were women in all of these classes who wanted the vote. But also others who didn't care for the vote. Most men were against women's suffrage, such as the prime minister at the time, Asquith and the liberal leader William Gladstone, who fought against the 1857 matrimonial causes act and continued to oppose extensions for women's rights.

    • Word count: 1275
  25. How did life for a typical soldier serving in a trench on the western front during the First World War compare with a parliamentary infantryman serving in the English Civil War?

    The king refused to compromise with the Puritans who wanted their own privileges and more power for themselves. Charles I dissolved Parliament and locked out the members for 11 years from 1629-1640. It then led to a war between the supporters of the King and supporters of the Parliament. Those who supported the King were often the lords, and those who supported parliament were often country gentlemen and merchants. The First World War started with a murder. In June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie visited the Austrian-Hungarian province of Bosnia. On June 28, they were shot in the streets of the capital Sarajevo which was what triggered the whole event.

    • Word count: 2420

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