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GCSE: Britain 1905-1951
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Dunkirk was both a deliverance and a disaster. Is there sufficient evidence to support this view in sources D to I.
In the picture sources there are also many points to show deliverance all the pictures show power, courageous acts and forms of organization. Within source F they try to show this by capturing a soldier in a courageous act to show that they are powerful and brave they demonstrate this with a soldier shooting at the German fighter planes. They also show organization in source E buy capturing them all lined up despite the dangers they are facing, and finally they show how people where saved in masses in sources D but picturing them scrambling on to boat at sea.
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They were also used to tackle major disturbances such as riots. They were used to stop anti-social behavior. They had to deal with drunkenness, beggars, vagrants and prostitutes. As time went on the police became increasingly effective during the late nineteenth century, people started to trust and appreciate them more making them more popular eventually leading them to become a large part of law and order this is shown in one of the sources as they are shown in a picture stopping a riot, this is also shown when the crime rates fall down.
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The poster "Halt!" shows an Army Officer asking a stranger in the streets "are you a friend?". This suggests that if you are not in the Army, then you are not doing your bit for the country, which does not make you a friend but makes you an enemy. This would be a very effective poster in 1916 as no man would have liked to have been branded an enemy, this could mean that men would enlist themselves to avoid being accused of being a traitor to Britain. The main target of propaganda were the women of Britain, left at home because the men aged 18 to 40 had been conscripted into the British Army.
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John Keegan, a modern military historian, suggests that Haig was an efficient and highly skilled soldier who did much to lead Britain to victory in the First World War. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources C to L to support this interpretation? U
Source D depicts that Haig was a selfish man, he was arrogant and he believed that he was 'the best for the job'. The comment at the bottom shows that he already knew that people would die; this is not the attitude to have when going into a war, especially one of this magnitude. The words "your country" leads me to believe that he was just playing a game. He did not think about the lives he had in his hands and just placed them where ever he felt like, regardless of what he thought might happen, whether they were
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By 1944 the attacks were almost completely over, becoming less frequent every day. The numbers of death and destruction were horrific. In 1940, an average of 250 tonnes of bombs were dropped almost every night. 2 million houses were destroyed , 60 , 000 civilians killed, 87,000 injured , 1000 fires over three days , One in 6 left homeless , and more women and children were killed than soldiers. They seemed to have no way of stopping these attacks , as the gas and water systems were destroyed , transport ruined and 73 buses fell apart.St Paul's cathedral still stood strong , but this didn't compensate for the damage already.
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In what ways did the British Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain?
Censorship took an extremely important role during the war which affected newspapers and the broadcasting industry. It was one of the main methods which controlled the attitude of the public and persuaded them to carry on the war effort because the government had prevented certain types of information from being leaked to the public. All newspapers were censored and government controlled, to make sure nothing tormenting was printed. Statistics such as death tolls were not published; because the government believed this would damage the morale. Certain photographs were also prevented, such as dead bodies which gave depressing and painful thoughts and the government wanted people to take their minds off the bad effects as much as possible.
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The aim of this essay is to explain how the people in the home front (England) have lived through World War One. I will achieve this by using key points in my answer and explaining them chronologically.
If they didn't they would be named a 'coward' or even killed this led most men to leave their jobs and that's were the women came in and took their jobs whilst they were at war. To deal with the lack of food they introduced rationing in November 1917. Though the price's were still to high and the poor people were going hungry but this was ok for the rich they had enough money but they did start to run out to.
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Once he had finished taking over the other countries around him he turned to Britain. The French and BEF were forced to Dunkirk on the 21st of May 1940. This was when Britain made operation Dynamo where 800 boats came and saved as many people as they could. France was the last country he had taken over before he attacked Britain. He pushed the English and French soldiers to the North of France; this was when he had control of the countries around him.
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Sometimes the un chosen children even had to sleep on the floor of the village hall. By Christmas in 1939 there had been no further bombings so most of the children were sent home once again. But by 1940 after France had been felled by the Germans, Britain was afraid that she would be invaded so the evacuation scheme started all over again. The Experience of the Evacuees The experience of being evacuated would have been very strange but different to all who took part. Some would have had a positive or negative experience and some would have had both.
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Source 1 suggest life in the trenches were great, however source 2 and 3 tell a different story. Source 2 and 3 gives the impression of life being horrendous in the trenches. Source 1 is a postcard which promotes Golden Dawn cigarettes.
To get rid of the odour smell men use ask for a double ration of tobacco to overwhelm the smell. 2) These sources are quite useful for us on the Great War because they tell us the conditions a soldier had to put up with. This gives an idea of how the soldiers died. In source 2 and 3, they mention about the dead bodies; the smell which soldiers had to cope with everyday in their life in the western front, while they ate and slept.
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It also says, "We hadn't the slightest idea where we were going", which is consistent with the belief that evacuation was disorganised, as is commonly thought. Also, as it was said by a teacher, this means it is likely to be true as teachers were very involved in the evacuation process - as has been said, 103,000 teachers were evacuated themselves in September 1939. There is no reason why the teacher would lie, so all these points lead to Source C being a useful source.
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The Front line was the most dangerous because it was amid all the fighting and heavy fire. They were dug deep down to cancel out the enemy's better position for snipers and sentry turrets. There was a mass of barbed wire ahead which contributed to preventing the German's clear access into the trench but there was no real safety from any shells that made their way in apart from sandbags that also supported the foundations. It was hell in the Front line and you never knew which second was going to be your last but soldiers could be placed there for up to two months.
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To prevent this, the government bombarded the public with propaganda to encourage the people to support the war effort. Despite these circumstances, they are smiling with confidence and are supposedly showing true British "grit". It suggests that the people's morale was very high and remained relatively unaffected by the psychological and physical damage caused by the Blitz. However, this source is obviously a form of government propaganda as this photo is staged to boost civilian morale, and in these situations people would not be in this state of mood.
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Source B shows British morale on the verge of collapse due to relentless enemy bombing. This source is useful since it is taken at the time of the Blitz and provides a much more realistic view of the Blitz compare with the one shown in source C. The government censored this photo because they knew that pictures of dead civilian would further demoralize the people and encourage them to abandon and leave the city. As a result, there would be an economic standstill and the withdrawal of troops since people who left the city no longer supported the war-effort.
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In source one, it says that this contribution from India enabled Britain "to fight on equal terms with the Axis powers". Apart from the one million Indian troops that fought along side Britain, there were also huge number of Indians who volunteered to contribute in the war. The fact that number of volunteers were surprisingly higher than the number of conscripts, shows that the Indian's were eager to support Britain in the war against the Axis Force.
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Women working in WW1. Source D is a picture of women working in a munitions factory, the picture is taken by a factory owner. The picture shows two women looking very miserable whilst they work.
The other reason is the writing on the board behind the women clearly stating, "When the boys come back we are not going to keep you any longer - girls". This gives the impression that the women are being 'used' while the men are fighting in the war and their newfound freedom is temporary; when the war is over they can go back to there original, often poorly paid work i.e. house keeping and domestic service. Overall this would make the women not feel very important and presents a cynical view.
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Why and to what extent did the British Government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain?
People having low morale's has very negative on a country as they would no longer feel like working as hard so things would start to slip, if this happened it would have been disastrous for Britain during the war. The Government controlled the images which people would see people not in a place were this was happening, this was all they could base there views so it worked it them such cases .The ministry of information was the main controller of things such as this at the time, they were set up due to the emergency powers act, they controlled
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It is interesting that Baldwin's words are echoed in the evacuation leaflet produced by the lord Privy Seal's Office in July 1939 when the evacuation of children is justified on the basis that some bombers would undoubtedly get through. Fears of what a squadron of bombers could do to an island country's major cities were a chief reason why it was decided to evacuate children from them in 1939. This fear was sharpened by the fact that Hitler's ruthlessness in using the Spanish Civil War as an opportunity to test the German air force.
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What can you learn from source A about the reasons given by the suffragettes for demanding votes for women?
Some historians believed if the suffragists and the suffragettes had worked together on getting women's suffrage it would have happened a lot earlier than it actually did. Now that I have explained what a suffragette is I am going to assess what I have learned about source A and the reasons suffragettes were giving that they should have the vote and so should all women. Firstly I would like to point out that source A is a primary source as it was actually drawn by and advertised by the suffragette party.
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to get it but this one woman "Marie Corelli" didn't think that women should have the vote and that all women should just leave the men to all the important things. Source C is another primary source and it is contempory to source B. The reason why this is important is because it helps towards showing that all of the people sort of had the same ideas about women's suffrage.
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the army, damaging morale and something as horrendous as the Somme would stay in his mind for a long time Hundreds of dead were strung out on the barbed wire". Finally Coppard has no obvious reason to lie as its years after the war. I do not trust source B because Haig was not on the frontline and most of the information he received was second hand which may have just been centred on the success of Ulster division who were the only ones to break the enemy lines.
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Study Sources D and E. These two sources are not about Haig and the Battle of the Somme. How far do you agree that they have no use for the historian studying Haig and the Battle of the Somme?
yes." This example shows that Haig is willing to let people die only to move slightly closer to Berlin. Secondly the British thought they would win easily, for example we can show this in "the moment has arrived for us to give Harry Hun a darn good British style thrashing," This shows that the men in the Somme were in good morale and thought they would win very without difficulty. Also in the TV still they show that the tactics of the British army are very predictable, "make yet another giant effort".
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Study sources A & B. How far does source A prove that Haig did not care about the lives of his men? Explain your answer using the sources and your own knowledge.
Also if he had cared about his soldiers lives then he could have changed his tactics to keep the amount of casualties to a low. However you could also argue that Haig is being realistic about the situation when he says "No amount of skill on the part of the higher commanders, no training, however good, on the part of the officers and men, no superiority of arms and ammunition, however great, will enable victories to be won without the sacrifice of men's lives."
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Six major countries were involved in the First World War. It was the brutal war ever in mankind! This essay will analyse the causes of the First World War war. A great cause of the First World War was the assassination of Ferdinand. He was the Archduke of Austria, and he was assassinated by Gavrillo Princip while visiting the capital of the newest part of the Empire Sarajevo, Bosnia. Married to Sophie. Both were killed in a car. And Sophie was shot first and died instantly. As Ferdinand was shot, near the heart, he said the word Sofia, and died.
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