Hitler was a very charismatic orator who promised to restore German honour and overthrow Versailles. His use of simple, straightforward, and extremely emotive slogans allowed the general public to understand him and his views for the country. Whilst in jail in 1924 Hitler developed the Fuhrer principle establishing that Germany needed one clear leader to lead it to prosperity, this appealed to the German population as they were dissatisfied with the failing democracy and large amount of parties constantly in dispute in the Reichstag. Hitler targeted all classes in German society. He earned the support of the farmers by saying that their blood and soil was the bedrock of Germany.
Between 1830-1835, unprecedented economic growth swept through the German states powered by the newly dominant Prussia. Prior to the construction of the first railroad in 1835, Germany had been an agrarian society that emphasised a class divided between the peasants ( lower class) and nobles ( upper class). This divide had prevented a common thread of nationalism developing between these two vastly different, and enfranchised, sub cultures. However, with the rise of an economic middle class in the 18th and 19th centuries; there was a new pressure on rulers to meet the demands of this new class of citizen.
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"In conclusion, it can be seen that while there were some positive economic, political and foreign policy developments from 1924 to 1929, these were merely on the surface and covered innumerable flaws in the Weimar system. The lack of understanding of democracy in German society, the negative perceptions and revisionist ideals leftover from the Versailles Treaty and the structurally induced economic weaknesses were all evident throughout the time period, and would have caused the republic eventual downfall. The great depression of 1931, while it sped up this process, was merely a catalyst."
"Looking at all the conclusive facts and arguments, the conclusion that can be reached is that Hitler came to power due to a combination of many different factors. However, the backbone of Hitler's rise was based on the great economic instability of the time highlighted by the two crisis in 1923 and 1929, which enabled Hitler to exploit the situation. Then Hitlers policies appealed to everyone due to effective propaganda. Secondly, the problems with constitution (article 48) which undermined German democracy and the weakness of the Weimar Republic that was widely hated helped the Nazis. This was because of their lack of suppoert and weak constitution. However in the end it was only political intrigue in the right-wing that brought him into office."
"In saying that the treaty of Versailles was a complete failure and created all Europe's post war problems would be a massive overstatement, to say it was merely the best the Nations could do with the given situation and that all the problems which arose were little to do with the treaty would be an understatement. The real answer lies somewhere in between the two. The options of the Nations when creating the treaty were small but in being naive and not thinking forward to what certain clauses of the treaty might bring about they created problems. Yet no one could anticipate the rise of Hitler and the Nazi's in Germany and although the treaty aided them in their rise it was one of many factors that lead to the rise of the Nazi party in post Versailles Germany. In conclusion the treaty created a lot of problems some avoidable, some not, its resources were small yet its dealing with its resources was poor. Yet when the nations wanted such polar opposites for a post war Germany and Europe in general it is expected that some problems could and would arise. Keynes said post the signing of the treaty that "The Treaty by overstepping the limits of the possible, has in practice settled nothing"."
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