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GCSE: Germany 1918-1939
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Study representation 1 and 2. They are both representations of how the Nazis were able to control Germany in the year 1933-1939. How far do these representations differ?
Representation one is a Nazi propaganda poster produced in the 1930's. It denotes a typical Nazi characteristic which can be found in essentially, all of their posters; their ideologies in the form of people. The family are Aryan, a race which Hitler strongly advocated. And, predictably, he represents the family to be happy and settled down. The family are enveloped by an Eagle. Eagles represent strength and shelter, the party carefully utilised the symbolism to promote their party, but more than anything, to endorse the Aryan race. The father is publicised in a way which makes him look masculine and handsome, he is also positioned higher than his wife, showing that he is the 'bread winner' thus; he is carrying a traditional family role.
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Representations 1,2 and 3 all give an idea of how the Nazis were so effective in controlling Germany in the years 1933-1939. Representation one is a Nazi propaganda poster created to gain support from the German population.
Representation one is a Nazi propaganda poster created to gain support from the German population. The poster to some degree, shows us perhaps one of the most effective way the Nazis gained the backing of the German people, however, it is just one method used amongst several which all counted towards the Nazis winning seats and as a result, winning power. The poster is a primary source, and it does behold quite a lot of truth or accuracy because it was created by the Nazi Party as their manifesto so as a result, the poster is subjective and it has to be, because it was supposed to be helping Hitler's party support-and this is found in any party trying to win an election.
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Naturally there were many radically different political parties; Including a communist party to the extreme left and a nationalist group called the 'Freikorps' to the right, both of which tried to stage a revolution. The main problem, however, was that because of its strict adherence to democratic principles, The Weimar Republic allowed such parties, which were so openly anti-democratic, to exist and take part in the governing process. Seats in the Reichstag were determined by proportional representation, so each party got the same percentage of seats as the percentage of votes they got from the public.
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The most important reason why there was little opposition towards the Nazi regime was its use of propaganda. Explain how far you agree with this statement.
This results in less opposition to the Nazi regime. There were so many ways of enforcing the propaganda - through the radio was one source of propaganda, the Nazis got them installed in cafes and factories, cheap radios were sold and loudspeakers were placed in the streets; there were even spot checks to ensure that people were listen to the radio. Ensuring that Hitler's preaching about Germany was heard by everyone. Children were influenced to join an organisation called the Hitler youth. Here they were encouraged and encouraged to believe that anyone who they heard say anything negative about the way things were being run should have their names mentioned at the Hitler Youth.
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It was the clear that the Nazis themselves had set fire to the Reichstag building for a number of reasons. The fire not only provided Hitler a chance to get rid of the communist by blaming the plot on them and had helped to remind the Germans that he is the one who could stamp out the communist threat throughout the country. In order to consolidate his power, Hitler persuaded President Hindenburg to pass an emergency decree, the 'Decree for the protection of people and State' which suspending all articles in constitution which guaranteed personal liberty, freedom of speech, press and assembly.
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How reliable is source E to a historian writing about the events on Kristallnacht, use source E and F and your own knowledge to support your answer.Both source E and F are from a newspaper article explaining the events of Kristallnacht.
The city of Kurfurstendamm that is written about in source E does exist. The language of the article may have been exaggerated to get people to buy the newspaper to do this they made the story shocking and interesting by the use of exaggerated and violet language. Or it could have been written this way just to get the message across of what the event. The words that were used were words such as ; bawling raucous gangs, drunken and aflame.
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In 1920 the party changed its name to the 'National Socialist German Workers Party' or 'Nazis' for short. By 1921 the party had over 3500 members. Hitler took over as leader and they had their very first party rally. They even had their own armed squads, known as the stormtroopers or 'S.A' for short. Hitler was determined to overthrow the government, as he did not have any faith in the Weimer Republic. The S.A was mainly made up of former soldiers from WWI. A lot of Germans were angry with the way the war had ended as some soldiers felt that they had not been defeated and the government had surrendered too soon.
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The ideas and main points of Nazism were drawn up by a few Nazi Party members including Adolf Hitler. They created a 25 Point Programme which was adopted by the rest of the Party.
But because the Weimar Government was so unpopular with the German people and the German economy was at a low, the people began to look for alternative parties to support. In July 1919 Adolf Hitler joined the German Workers Party; he changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers Party and took the role of leader of the party. The Nazi party began to grow and the idea of Nazism grew with it. The ideas and main points of Nazism were drawn up by a few Nazi Party members including Adolf Hitler.
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In this Essay I am going to discuss the effects that Hitlers persecution on the Jews had on the Frank family in World War 2.
At the beginning when Anne and Peter meet I think they did get on very well. I thought that Margrot would fall in love with Peter and Anne would be rejected and they would not form a strong relationship. I was wrong and in the end Anne and Peter have their kiss. There were lots of times when Hitler's regime to kill all the Jews changed their relationships. The main time I find this is that Anne and Peter would not have known each other if they did not go in to hiding. This is because they were different kind of people.
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Many Germans were retrenched, or they lost their jobs overnight. Those who were still in work suffered from lower wages and short-term work. Millions also found themselves hungry, while thousands of families could not afford to rent and became homeless. Hitler took advantage of the impact of the Great Depression by criticizing the failure of the Weimar Government in addressing the problems that arose from the crisis.
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The aim was to increase pure Aryans births. Measures between the years 1933-39 were taken, for example: Financial incentives were offered to women such as marriage loans and birth grants. Propaganda was used to raise the status and self-esteem of women who were encouraged by the government, their husbands and friends to stay in the house all day, living as slaves to their husband and children, cleaning and cooking. And the reverse techniques were in order to encourage childbirth by instigating higher taxes for childless couples, tighter penalties on abortions, restrictions on contraceptive information and measures were introduced for compulsory sterilisation of 'undesirables'.
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The discrimination of the Jews in education had an effect on the Jewish youth isolating and alienating them from other children probably with very little idea of why it was actually happening to them. The Jews were also persecuted socially more than in any other way as they were banned from parks which would have isolated the Jewish community from other local communities forcing them into one group which could be discriminated against with less effort from the Nazis. Encouragement was given to Jews to emigrate from Germany which may have seemed logical at the time with the build up
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For Hilter getting the workers votes was essential and they would be the backbone of the new German empire. These were the people would be needed the war and therefore support the rest of Germany. This meant that in order to gain the votes from this people he need to keep them happy, this would also make they work more efficiently. As well as the strength through the joys scheme, things like propaganda was also used to make the workers seem closer to the Fuher. They also created schemes where workers could save five marks a week in order to save up for a Volkswagen beetle, which was seen as the symbol of new Germany.
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the Nazi's did not have many seats (12). However after the wall street crash the Nazi's gained in power. In September 1930, unemployed rose too 3.1 million at 15.3% of the population, Nazi's gained 18.5% of the Reichstag with 107 seats. This shows that when the unemployed levels rose (by 5.3%) the number of seats dramatically rose (by 95 seats).It meant the Nazi's gained in power because it held (16% more of the Reichstag). However there is a number of other factors which could be argued that they let to the rise of the Nazis. An main reason which could be argued cause a large rise in Nazism is their campaigning. The Nazi's campaign methods were modern and effective.
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Both Austria-Hungary and Italy were quite weak and amazingly useless, leaving Germany to do most things alone. In 1915 Italy betrayed the alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary by joining the Triple Entente and declaring war on Austria-Hungary on May 23ed 1915, leaving Germany with the dying Austro-Hungarian Empire as its only ally. Austria-Hungary was not only weak but its people were starving! They even went as far as robbing the food supply sent from Romania, up the Danube1 through Austria- Hungary, to their ally Germany. This almost caused Germany to go to war against Austria-Hungary in July 1918.
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Germans were now thinking that losing 10 percent was a lot, when before they had had no problem with forcing Russia to lose 35 percent of its land, especially most of its industrial land. The Treaty of Versailles now simply commanded Germany to return Alsace- Lorraine to France, the 35 percent of Russia was partly given back to Russia but was also use to form new countries, Schleswig was given to Denmark, West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia were given to Poland2 just to name a few.
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At a mass meeting of around 20,000 sailors and workers a German republic was demanded and a sailor/workers soviet was set up. After this uprising in Kiel and Wilhelmshaven there was an additional uprising in Munich. In Munich the monarchy was overthrown and an independent socialist republic was declared by its leader Kurt Eisner, a former member of the moderate SPD. HE turned to the USPD as he wanted more extreme methods to destroy the enemies of democracy. During the revolt Eisner followed the Russian model and created Red Guards and workers soviets.
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In addition, there was leniency from the judge because that judge, along with many others, had supported Nazi beliefs. Although the Munich Putsch was a failure, it benefitted Hitler in many ways. Hitler used his trials as a chance to give long speeches. His strong oratory skills were an important factor in helping him gain publicity. In his speeches he spoke with passion, using body language and a confident voice. His strong oratory skills strongly supported his ideas. After his trial, instead of being known as the prisoner, Hitler became a well-known right-wing hero.
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This was a set of radical and liberal reforms of the SA, which were verging on socialism. This included pushing for nationalization of major industrial firms, expanded worker control, confiscation and redistribution of the estates of the old aristocracy and finally, social equality. These reforms were obviously far from Hitler's ideology as an extreme capitalist. Therefore, one reason why the Hitler had to abolish the SA was that their ideology was highly contrasting to what Hitler's philosophy as a very strong Nazi. The concept of a 'Second Revolution' which the SA proposed was not only contrasting with Hitler's beliefs, but also with the army.
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Why did the Nazis treatment of the Jews change from 1939 to 1945? In what ways did the Nazis try to eliminate all Jews in Europe in the years from 1941 onwards?
The Nazis wanted to hide their war crimes from Britain and the USA so as to keep the massacres of Jews continuing in the East. The Nazis didn't only hide the truth from foreign countries, but also from the German people. Aryans often either had extreme Anti-Semitic views or felt indifferent to the Jews and simply did not care where the Jews were going or what was happening to them. Without the knowing any gory details, it was easy of the average person to just turn away and ignore what was happening.
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After four weeks of being at Auschwitz, the prisoners are taken to Buna work camp. In this chapter Elie starts to lose his faith in god. Loss of faith in God begins at Auschwitz, when he sees babies burning. Eli even questions himself "Why should I bless His name?". It is significant how a religious boy of just 15, who was brought up in a very religious environment stops believing in god. I understand that all these dreadful events are making him lose faith in god and hope, but I can't understand why the Jews do not unite and fight against the Nazis.
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The fact that the person found at the Reichstag was a communist gave the Nazis an excuse to accuse the communists of trying to overthrow the government. Furthermore it allowed the Nazis to evoke fear amongst the majority of the German populous, as shown by the official statement. "The burning of the Reichstag was intended to be the signal for a bloody uprising and civil war."
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and terror from above, Nazi power of state * By end of 1933 potentially over 100,000 arrested * Night of Long Knives marked major shift in his dictatorship development, triumphed over left right extremist Nazis * SA support of elite * Kershaw 'Hitler', Far from creating a dependence pf Hitler on the army, the oath marked the symbolic moment where the army chained itself to the Fuhrer" * His formal position as Fuhrer, relationship with Germans, nature effect of Hitler myth, role in decision making * Nazi Germany Roderick Stackelberg * Nazi theorist, Ernst Huber "He shapes the collective will
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Women had many roles in Nazi Germany, one of which was Marriage. When Hitler published 'Mien Kampf' (My Struggle), he clearly stated that he was going to go to war. Producing Children for Nazi's was vital, they saw children as the first generation that would grow up in a Nazi world. However, when Hitler came to power in 1933 the birth rate had fallen from two million births a year in 1900 to less than one million. This was due to the shortage of men caused by World War One; more than 1.8 million German Women were unmarried.
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