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GCSE: Germany 1918-1939
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Hitler agreed with this and therefore promised to seek vengeance for all the wrongdoings against Germany that were put forward in the treaty of Versailles. While in prison, Hitler had written a book in which he summarised all of his ideas. One of these was to challenge the treaty and demand that land taken from Germany be returned. As he wanted to cancel the treaty as well as avenge Germany, a lot of people began to believe that Hitler would 'save them.'
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Morale is the confidence of people and by killing people Hitler would make peoples' morale low. Source 5 shows a man telling a child to ''Leave this to us sonny - You ought to be out of London'', which means that the man wants the child to be out of London because it is dangerous. This suggests that the government wants children to get evacuated so they stay safe. From my own knowledge I know that the government evacuated children out of cities to country sides because there is bombings' taking place in cities. This poster was by the government to the parents of children to persuade them to evacuate their children.
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The reason why they argued over this is because, World War 1 was lost for Germany and they wanted another chance to fight for it back. And the Treaty of Versailles was very unfair treaty in which they had to own up that it was there fault for the war, in doing so they owned up to paying all the war debts. And they lost huge amounts of their army and land that was valuable to them, they couldn't take in troops into the Rhineland (Germanys side of the Frankogermanborder).I think this very important because if the Treaty had been made as harsh as it was there would be no Germans wanting revenge for Germany Hence starting Nazism.
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The propaganda that could be used by the Nazis was great. They could say that nothing would defeat them and they were strong. They could also say their leader Hitler was brave and not even the dislocated shoulder he suffered would halt him from taking the Nazis forward. The nine month stay in prison that followed the trial gave Hitler time to write Mein Kampf. This became the Bible of the Nazis. This was a huge step and the writing of Mein Kampf ultimately changed history.
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In the Hitler Youth, for boys aged between 14 and 18, the activities were mainly preparation for the army, as the men's role in German society was to become a soldier. It was mostly military training, making the boys tougher, playing games such as rugby, and there were also lots of war games. They were encouraged to be ruthless by the leaders, and violence was associated with fun. Also, the boys would regularly go on camps, teaching them self-sufficiency, which was thought to be good preparation for being a soldier.
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The Wall Street Was The Main Factor in Hitler's Rise To Power In 1933' How Far Do You Agree With The Statement?
Would this help Hitler In his attempt to take control of Germany? In 1923 Germany went through a period called the years of crisis. In 1923 many things occurs which lead to this period being given such a name. Firstly in January the French invaded the Ruhr the German industrial lands. This meant there was high unemployment as the workers refused to work. In February hyperinflation started this meant that money was basically worthless. Towards the end of the year Stresemann was employed to sort out the problem. Adolf Hitler was found guilty of taking part in the Beer Hall Putsch in 1923 he sentenced to five years in prison.
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Also the arrival of the USA meant the arrival of new materials and supplies. This was important because before Russia had left the war they had drained out all of the troops supplies. With new supplies and materials, the troops could do better in battle and again it gave them higher morale. One million German troops were moved to the Western Front due to the Russian defeat. They decided to take a gamble and this led to another reason for their defeat.
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They also argued that Church meetings could be used as a front for anti-government meetings. But many Nazis believed that the churches could be turned to the party's advantage. The Protestant pastors, for instance, where some of the party's most engaging and compelling public speakers, and if the churches could be turned to sympathise with Nazi views then they could be used as very powerful tools of propaganda. The Church also supported many of the Nazis' policies anyway, such as their invasion of the Rhineland and the importance of the family, and so there was already space in which to manoeuvre them more towards Nazism.
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This spiral will keep going until something or someone puts an end to it. The poverty and unemployment caused German civilians to be frustrated with the government. More and more people were turning to extremist parties like the Communists and the Nazis because these parties promised change and this is what appealed to the German people. Although the Wall Street crash played an essential part in Hitler's rise to power, there were other factors that helped this. Hitler seized the opportunity with both hands, he appealed to every class in society.
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In this desperate situation they were prepared to vote for an extremist party if they promised to sort things out, which they did; also, people like someone whom they already know and recognise. With all this acquired knowledge, Hitler had an advantage over his opponents and knew that he had to appear strong and seize power legally. Through this he gained sufficient popularity and ended up being Chancellor. Question Two Both long and short-term causes contributed to Hitler's rise to power.
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Either way, this ambiguity makes the source not useful. From my analysis, I conclude that historians would find Source A more useful because it was written after the Nazis ceased control of Germany and it was written by a journalist who would have been at the event. It might have been written by someone working for the Nazis but many people had lost support for the Nazi Party because they had seen how terrible it was. Source B was written by the Nazis, which immediately makes it unreliable.
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First, Hitler just wanted for all the Jews to leave Germany and migrate to another country. However, they refused - German was their homeland, and had been for their ancestors. So, in 1942, Nazi officials met at a conference and decided on a solution of how to finally get rid of the Jews - extermination camps. Before they came up with the idea, Hitler had started trying to take over Europe - invading Poland in 1939, and invading Norway, Denmark, Holland and Belgium in 1940.
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From the German point of view the treaty was incredibly harsh and devastating for Germany. First of all, Hitler had very strong views on the treaty. He stirred up the German people by reminding them of parts of the treaty that they would not like and he promised that if he was elected he would refuse to abide by many terms in the treaty, such as the reparations, military restrictions, and the land which was taken away from Germany. He knew that people in Germany felt bad from the depression, and so the majority of the German public blamed their problems on the treaty, this caused many to turn towards Hitler, because he had been against the treaty right from the start.
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The strike caused many problems for the economy and the government. Furthermore, the government felt the only way that they could resolve the situation was to print more money off. However, their plan had backfired, and resulted in money becoming worthless. The Mark reduced rapidly in value, and the price rise was uncontrollable, leading to hyperinflation. 3. How far had the Weimar republic recovered from its problems by 1928? In 1918 when the Weimar Republic was first formed, it faced many problems, including both economical and political instability; these were related to the Treaty of Versailles, and its terms.
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Dawes, was given the task of investigating the problem of Germany's reparation payments by the Allied Reparations Committee. In 1924 the Dawes Plan instituted annual payments of reparations on a fixed scale this gave Germany a longer period in which to pay the reparations. It recommended the reorganization of the German State Bank (Reichsbank) under Allied supervision and that foreign loans, primarily from America, were made available to Germany. Although the Dawes plan was initially successful the Wall Street crash in America caused new problems for the German economy. Another American Financier, Owen D. Young, was asked by the Allied Reparations Committee to investigate the situation in Germany.
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If he seemed too innocent, then the judges won't believe him. Source B was a quote from van der Lubbe's trial in 1933. Van der Lubbe was probably tortured to say what the Nazis wanted, which was admit that van der Lubbe and his communist friends started the fire. This shows that both sources are suited to what the audience wants to hear. Source A was to be suited to the judges at the Nuremberg Trials of 1945-47 and Source B was to fulfill what the Nazis wanted to hear. Therefore, both sources are inaccurate and they are not what they seem to be.
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Also, Hitler went to prison and had enough time to write his ideals and ideas on his book, Mein Kampf, which afterwards became the Nazi bible. So after this event Hitler changed the party's structure and started gaining peoples support by the legal way; giving speeches and promising people what they wanted to hear. Secondly, Hitler's oratory, personality and leadership was one of the most important reasons that took Hitler to power because he knew how to appeal to people, he told them what they wanted to hear, he used all the media possible to transmit the Nazi message, evidence
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of were like the leftovers from the battle, they were depressed, hungry and they had low morale we know that this could be true because in the DVD we saw in class called 'The Finest Hour', a documentary about the evacuation of Dunkirk from a BBC television series, we see soldiers like Peter Vaux who hadn't eaten for 5 days and was very tired.
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How far do these three sources support the view that, in the years 1921-24, Hitler sought control of the Nazi Party only to gain personal power?
it is a first account of what truly happened so giving us a good idea whether Hitler sought control of the Nazi party only to gain personal power. Like source 1, source 2 is also contempary. In the source Hitler during his speech ay Munich discredits the government by calling them "November criminals". Hitler uses the word vengeance which suggests that he wants to seek revenge on the government as he was a solider and many of his comrades had fallen in vein.
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They also all agreed on the fact that Germany had to disarm. Clemenceau agreed because then they would be less of a threat to France, Lloyd George, because then Britain could rule the seas and have the most power and Wilson because he thought that all countries should disarm and work together towards making a more peaceful world. They also agreed that a League of Nations should be set up to help maintain the peace, but this was mainly up to Wilson with the other two agreeing just to please him.
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at the time as an official document, making it a primary source, compared to an overheard document which was documented 16 years after the event had happened giving historians a reason to believe that some evidence could have been forgotten or misheard. What impression of Kristallnacht does source C give? B) Source C is an account written by David Buffman who was the American Consul in Leipzig, he wrote at the time from what he had seen himself and the interviews he had carried out.
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and in 1934 it was the 'Year of Training' where the kids learned vocational training, and in October were sent to the country to harvest the crops. This was apparently to show them the value of hard manual labor, and how it pays off. The next year was 'The Year of Physical Training' which consisted of rigorous sport competitions and gladiator like fitness standards. Hitler felt that his youth should have more of a strong character and look more physically healthy rather than to be well educated in the classroom.
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of what happened whereas the other source is less reliable because Fritz Hesse may have other motives for writing that report the way he did and he probably wouldn't have been able to remember exactly what happened in the way he described it. B. Source C shows Kristallnacht to have been very much planned by the Nazis. This source is written by and American Consul in Leipzig so he is going to be a bit biased against the Nazis. However he did write the account at the time from things that he had seen and interviews that he had carried out.
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'The most important reason why there was little opposition in Germany towards the Nazi regime was its use of propaganda.' Explain how far you agree with this statement.
Hitler had elected Joseph Goebbels as minister for 'National Enlightenment' and he controlled the media and arts. It was his role to make sure that the media printed Nazi ideology and censored any other idea's put forward. He also set up the 'Reich Chamber of Commerce' in 1933 and this was designed to deal with all literature, art, music, radio etc. and only those who was part of this chamber was allowed to produce anything from those categories but along side these restricts was the fear of punishment to oppose and of the policies set in place so you could only read, see and hear what the Nazis wanted you to.
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On the other hand, does the Holocaust have a particularly crucial and central Jewish element, even though millions of others died? Simply put, the answer is yes. The Holocaust, from its conception to its implementation had a distinctly Jewish aspect to it and, arguably without this Jewish aspect, there would have been no Holocaust. Most of the non-Jewish people would not have been killed because the killing machinery would not have been put into operation. In this context, two points need to be examined: the particularly Jewish aspect of the Holocaust and the fact that this neither minimizes nor trivializes the suffering of others.
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