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GCSE: International relations 1945-1991
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- Marked by Teachers essays 1
The USA had failed to keep Kai Shek, a nationalist, in power. Their fears were increased when in 1949 the USSR developed an atomic bomb and in 1950 signed a treaty of friendship with China. The Cold War tensions shifted in their location from Europe to Asia. Between 1948 and 1950 thousands were killed in clashes between North and South Korea. In June 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea and within three months the South Korean army was pushed into a small area in the south called the Pusan Pocket.
- Word count: 1295
Explain why relations between the USA and Cuba changed after 1959 and how the actions of the USA and the USSR led to the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962.
This greatly alarmed the Americans: communism was now at their back door. In January 1961 JF Kennedy took over U.S. presidency. Shortly after he took over the CIA informed Kennedy that they were planning an invasion of Cuba. In January 1961 the CIA and 1400 Cuban exiles organised a plan to overthrow Castro. The USA and provided transport, weapons and military advisers. Due to poor information and conduct the Bay of Pigs invasion was a failure. Most of the rebels were captured and killed. This failure operation embarrassed Kennedy and the USA and made Castro a national hero.
- Word count: 1019