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GCSE: Russia, USSR 1905-1941
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Source C supports the evidence of source B because the number of strikes and strikers in factories increased during 1910 and 1914, again, as source C says, 'People can be heard speaking of the government in the sharpest of tones.' ii) Why were there many strikers in Russia in the years 1910-1914? Use sources A, B and C, and your own knowledge, to explain your answer. There were there many strikers in Russia in the years 1910-1914 because people were firstly becoming less scared of the Okhrana, so they were not very afraid to voice their opinion.
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The way Nicholas dealt with the Rising could therefore seems to be repressive. Nicholas' policies for education could be seen as repressive because education was restricted and the curriculum was prevented from advancing. Education was restricted to the gentry and government officials at secondary level and in 1849 student numbers were cut from 4006 in 1848 to 3018 in 1850, so that as few people as possible could understand western ideas. In 1835, universities were brought completely under government control.
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deng xiao-ping, then he decided that the communist country that he ad created was becoming more socialist so he thought of doing a publicity stunt, what he did was, swim down the Yangtse river which was 24 km long the reason he did this was to show the people of China he was fit and well and he was Cumming back to rule again in fit health question 2 Study source B what impression is the artist trying to give of the cultural Revolution?
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At the beginning of the twentieth century, agriculture was the single largest sector of the Russian economy, producing one-half of the national income and employing two-thirds of Russia?s population. This shows the huge role peasants played. At the end of the 19th century, Russian agriculture as a whole was the worst in Europe. The Russian system of agriculture lacked investment and technological advancement. Both the crop and livestock system failed to be adequate to withstand the Russian winters and the harsh summers in Central Asia.
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Stalin was able to strengthen his dictatorship in the 1930s was mainly through a cult of personality. Do you agree? Explain your answer.
In order to help him achieve this, he used propaganda which indoctrinated the Russian people. There were many propaganda posters that glorified him as a god like being, and under him any kind of religious worship was banned as he did not want the people to have loyalty to anyone else but him. In order to achieve the cult of personality that he was aiming at not only posters were used but Stalin also ensured that all arts, films and books were carefully controlled by the state. Under his rule, artists were forced to adapt their works so that they glorified the state and positive portrayal of the policies.
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The Dnieper Dam and Magnitogorsk are one of the remarkable achievements of the First Five Year Plan. The Second Five Year Plan (1933-1937) still prioritised heavy industry but it also concentrated on building communications especially railways, which became important to link cities and industrial centres. A major achievement was the Moscow Underground. The Second Plan also focused on chemicals, and lead, tin and zinc. The Third Five Year Plan (1938-1941) was interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War, and was mainly focused around rearmament and weapon production to help with the war against Germany.
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Source A is very positive but it is not that useful as the fact that he is a left wing American shows that he is communist and biast. He is also American so when he came to visit Russia he was only shown the decent collective farms. What is not shown in this source is that the grain harvests had dropped dramatically in the early 1930s when grain was most needed and in 1928 there was a 2 million ton shortfall in grains purchased by the state. Stalin claimed the grain had been produced but was being hoarded by "kulaks."
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?Iskra ? the spark? and ?Pravda ? the truth? may have partially helped influence the soldiers in deserting (if they were reading it of course). Lenin?s ideas may have also influenced the people in Russia slightly with its anti-tsarist ideas and the idea that the war was imperialist and caused by the capitalist?s to gain power over the people and make money. These ideas probably stirred around the cities and gave extra solidity and foundation for people?s argument to turn against the Tsar.
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Matters on the front line were looking very bleak, by Christmas 1916 1.6 million Russian soldiers were dead, 3.6 million were wounded and a further 2.4 million were taken as prisoners. However, not only the front line was looking dismal but back in Russia, Nicholas II?s wife Alexandra and the devious monk Rasputin were left to govern the gargantuan country. Alexandra often sent word to Nicholas, advising him on policies, transport and communication, but even herself admitted it all ?made her head spin?.
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(Ben Walsh 98) Nicholas proved himself incapable of leading; he tended to avoid making important decisions and insisted in the tiniest of details of government. Nicholas was also incapable of choosing officials, sacking many potentially good ones and replacing them with his friends whom were often corrupt and incompetent. (Ben Walsh 102) Many peasants went into the cities to find jobs in the industries. However with terrible working conditions, the peasants were starting to get unhappy. The unhappiness resulted in the Bloody Sunday where Father Gapon led a crowd to give a peaceful petition to the Tsar, but ended up getting killed or injured.
- Word count: 1895